100th Light Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 100th Hunter Division (100 JD) was a major unit of the Army of the German Wehrmacht. It was used in the German-Soviet war, including the Battle of Stalingrad. The division consisted mainly of Austrians. They were also in a Croatian regiment.

Division History

Fields of Application

Eastern Front, southern sector: July 1942 – October 1942

•Stalingrad: September 1942 – January 1943

•Yugoslavia April 1943 – July 1943

•Albania: July 1943 – March 1944

Eastern Front, southern sector of March 1944 – September 1944

•Hungary and Silesia September 1944 – May 1945

On 10 October 1940 was the division of the military training area Döllersheim than 100 Light Infantry Division set up. She was part of the 12-up shaft. On 6 July 1942 was reclassified in the 100th Hunter Division.

As of 1941, the 100th Hunter Division part in the attack on the Soviet Union on the rise along the Wisznia, the Dniester and the Stripa. After they had fought on the Dnieper, in Kharkov and Donetsk at the top, the 100th was Hunter Division to the Miusfront.

1942 joined the 100th Hunter division to the middle Don before and denied fighting with Kalatch Don and large bow.

In September and October the division was at the Battle of Stalingrad during the battle of the Red October steelworks, height 102 (Mamajew Hill) and the Tartar Wall in service.

On 21 September 1942 was the 100th Hunter Division ordered to support the attack of the fighting in the city center and met German divisions between the 25th and 26 September at the Stalingrad battlefield.

The 100th Hunter Division suffered from the first day during the fighting in the already heavily damaged by air and artillery fire cityscape huge losses. In early 1943, the 100th Hunter Division in Stalingrad completely destroyed. The 100th Hunter Division was in addition to the 297 Infantry Division and the 44th Infantry Division, one of the three divisions of Stalingrad, mainly composed from Austrians.

In March 1943, the 100th was Hunter Division troops from the military district it reassembled XVII (Vienna) and moved to Croatia. In 1944 she was against Partisan s and coastal protection in Albania in use. She was then moved back to the Eastern Front to help stabilize the front in Galicia.

In spring 1945 the remains arrived in rearguard actions in Silesia and in Trautenau in Soviet captivity.

Structure

•Jäger Regiment 54

•Jäger Regiment 227

•Reinforced (Croatian) Infantry Regiment 369

Artillery Regiment 83

•Field Replacement Battalion 100

Tank Destroyer Division 100

Reconnaissance Battalion 100

•Pioneer Battalion 100

•Divisional news department 100

•Division supply officer 100

People

Commanders of the 100th JD

Rank  Name

6 July 1942 – 31 January 1943 after captivity Lieutenant General  Werner Sanne

25th April 1943 – 1 January 1945  Lieutenant General  Willibald Utz

1 – 31 January 1945  Colonel  Hans Kreppel

1 February to May 1945  Major General  Otto Schury

Staff Officers (Ia) of the 100 JD

Rank  Name

6 July 1942 – 31 January 1943 after captivity Major  Wolfgang Henkel

25th March 1943 – 30 September 1944  Lieutenant Colonel  Jürgen Bennecke

30th September 1944 – 24 January 1945, killed in use  Lieutenant Colonel  Karl Krückeberg

10th February to May 1945  Major  Johannes Schmidt,

•General Jürgen Bennecke (* September 12, 1912 Halberstadt, † 2002 Müllheim)

During the Second World War Bennecke served on western and eastern fronts, including Bennecke was in the rank of Lieutenant Colonel General Staff officer of the 100th Hunter Division.

•Colonel Dr.-Ing. Albrecht Czimatis (* April 18, 1897 Katowice, Prussia, † 22 December 1984 in Freiburg im Breisgau)

In the First World War Czimatis was repeatedly awarded the Iron Cross. In 1932 he made the Ph.D. in Engineering and was established on 1 December 1935 promoted to Major. Czimatis was of 23 July 1941 to January 1943 Commander of Artillery Regiment 83 of 100 Hunter Division and was in Kiev and Uman in use. Of 4 January 1943 to 2 February 1943, he commanded after the failure of Colonel Bernhard Steinmetz 305 Infantry Division. After the surrender of the boiler in northern Stalingrad Czimatis fell into Soviet captivity. He is said to be joined during the captivity of the National Committee for a Free Germany.

•Colonel Francis Weller (born December 5, 1901, Schmargendorf, † 14 August 1994 in Cologne)

Franz Weller was educated in the military academy Berlin light field in 1934 and reached the rank of captain. In the 12th Company of Infantry Regiment 54, he took part in the invasion of Poland. As a Major, he commanded a battalion in the Western campaign. In June 1941, he was with the hunter-Regiment 54 in Operation Barbarossa in use and was appointed a month to the regimental commander later. He received the Knight’s Cross on 4 September 1941 for the successful breakthrough of the Stalin Line at Proskurov. Promoted to lieutenant colonel on 1 successes Februar 1942. The Battle of Stalingrad in late 1942, he left with a serious injury. In May 1943, he was entrusted with the reorganization of the Infantry Regiment 54 and 1 December 1943 he was appointed colonel. In August 1944, he withdrew to the Carpathian Mountains to wounding another. In April 1945, he led the Infantry Division “Friedrich Ludwig Jahn” in the past fighting the Wehrmacht west of Berlin. After a short captivity Weller was released already in 1946 and entered the army in 1956, where he spent two years, the Infantry School Hammelburg initiated. Service club was on 31 März in 1962.

•Upper Hunter Friedrich Pein (* October 20, 1915 Spitz / District Radkersburg / Austria † February 14, 1975 Mureck / Styria).

Friedrich Pein came in October 1938 in the Army and served in the 12th Company of Mountain Infantry Regiment 143 as a sniper on the eastern front. At the beginning of 1944, he became the second Company of JR 227 of 100 Parked Hunter Division and served in the group of Adolf Grubinger. In the same year he was awarded the Iron Cross. On 28 February 1945, he received 200 confirmed enemy Kills the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. During the war he was wounded three times before he fell into Soviet captivity.

Awards:

A total of 46 members of the 100th Hunter Division awarded the German Cross in Gold and the Knight’s Cross 12. The following individuals received a certificate praise from Army High Command:

•Lieutenant Heinzel, 16 Kp. / IR 54 20 August 1941

Sergeant Holzmann, 15, platoon leader Kp. / IR 54 20 August 1941

Sergeant Godfrey skirt, train drivers / JR 227 17 October 1944

Knight’s Cross

•Lieutenant Colonel Francis Weller, JR 54 regimental commander, awarded on 4 September 1941

•Lieutenant General Werner Sanne, 100th Division Commander JD, awarded on 22 February 1942

•Colonel Franz Neibecker, regimental commander JR 227, awarded on 16 February 1942

•Captain Klaus Franz Graber, Battalion Commander III. Btl. / IR 227, awarded on 13 March 1942

•Captain Hans-Günther Braun von Stumm, leader reconnaissance Dept. 100, granted on 20 July 1942

•Captain Otto Heger, battalion commander of II Battalion. / JR 227, awarded on 21 September 1944

•Lieutenant Otto Schneider, leader Pi.Kp / JR 54, awarded on 28 October 1944

•Lieutenant Rudolf Kuhn Rock, Company Commander JR 54, awarded on 9 December 1944

•Lieutenant Josef Wagner, company commander 1st Kp. / JR 227, awarded on 18 February 1945

•Upper Hunter Adolf Grubinger, MG Guide 9 Kp. / JR 227, awarded on 28 February 1945

•Upper Hunter Friedrich Pein, Sniper 2 Kp. / JR 227, awarded on 28 February 1945

•Upper Hunter Joseph Price, group leader 15 Kp. / JR 227, awarded on 20 April 1945

Function and tasks

Originally consisting of only two infantry regiments 100 Hunter Division was considered a unit of light infantry and had to fight with smaller and more mobile combat groups in difficult terrain (mountain range, swamps, etc.) designed.

Due to its suitability for rough terrain sections served the 100th Hunter Division as a middle unit between conventional infantry and mountain troops.

Typical of Association of the 100th Light Infantry had Hunter Division only light artillery and much of their equipment transported with horses.

The soldiers of the 100th Hunter Division had to undergo a tough combat training. Besides Austrians as the largest ethnic group were Silesians in this federation.

Literature

•Hanns Neidhardt: With pine and oak. War History of the 100th Hunter Division, formerly the 100th Light Infantry Division, Stocker-Verlag, Graz, Austria, 1981, 468 pages with 83 sketches, ISBN 978-370200373-9.

•David M. Glantz: Armageddon in Stalingrad: September-November 1942 (The Stalingrad Trilogy, Volume 2). University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, 2009, ISBN 978-0-7006-1664-0.

Division of the Wehrmacht

Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

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