101 Motorised Division Trieste

Flag of the Italian Royal Army

Flag of the Italian Royal Army

This article is about an Italian army during Desert War of North African Campaign.

The 101st Motorized Division “Trieste” was one division of the Italian Royal Army. It was used in Libya, Tunisia and Egypt in the Second World War. It was one of the most popular units of Erwin Rommel, the legendary head of the Deutsches Afrika Korps.

It was established in 1939, by elements of the Division 8 “Po”, the war began serving on the Italian national territory, except for a brief spell in Albania in 1941, after which it was sent to Libya to support the weapon Italo-German Rommel created specifically to repel the British from Cyrenaica. In spite of the apparent low level of Italian units, the Trieste and other Italian main unit, the Aries, not disfigured the face of German divisions (90 to light , at 21 and 15 to Battleship), giving a big contribution to offensive that will lead to the fall of Tobruk and the second conquest of Cyrenaica, which culminated in the Battle of Gazala. After this massive battle, whose victory was due to both the tactical genius of the strategist to the force of German soldiers, Italian and German, a Panzerarmee exhausted and short of supplies and vehicles, are difficult to find the offensive started from Malta to the convoys, destroying them on time (the offensive against Malta, Operation Hercules was canceled), however, went into the land of the Pharaohs, at a time of Cairo.  The seemingly unstoppable advance of the Italo-German divisions, the Trieste always argued with great force, despite the lack of supplies and food, ran aground in front of El Alamein.

North Africa Commonwealth prisoners captured in November 1941 by armed German-Italian

North Africa Commonwealth prisoners captured in November 1941 by armed German-Italian

The Trieste was not able to contribute to the achievement of the important railway station, and eventually to follow the fate of the weapon after the collapse due to the decisive English offensive. The fast retreat toTunisiaonly served to delay the end of the Axis forces in Africa and Trieste, after the collapse of the extreme line of defense, has surrendered to the Allies in May 1943. The Big Unit was reconstituted in Bologna in 1950 as an Infantry Division “Trieste” of the Italian Army, was again dissolved May 31, 1991, as part of the reorganization of the Armed Forces.

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