102nd Motorised Division Trento

102nd Motorised Division Trento

102nd Motorised Division Trento

The 102 Division Motorized “Trento” (formerly 1st Division Motorized Trento and 32 Division Motorized Trento) was a motorized infantry division of the Army Italy not; was formed precisely in Trento, where was the seat of peace, in 1935 and was dissolved event war November 25, 1942 in the land of Africa, during the Second Battle of El Alamein.

Origins and early operations

It was initially formed as the 1st Motorised Division Trento and consisted then reconstituted appositamente 115 º Infantry Regiment “Treviso” of 116 º Infantry Regiment “Treviso” and the 46th Motorized Artillery Regiment “Trento”. From the 4th Engineers Regiment had 51 men to form the Battalion mixed.

His first job was in the Campaign of Ethiopia, was allocated to Barce (Tripolitania) if he fought.

In August 1936 he was repatriated, the 116 º Infantry Regiment “Treviso” was dissolved and replaced by the 62nd Infantry Regiment “Sicily” by cedutole Brigade Po (8th Infantry Brigade). In May of the following year also the 115th (aggregate in the 62nd Infantry Division “Marmarica” and mailed with this in Cyrenaica) was replaced by the 61st Infantry Regiment “Sicily” (also from the Brigade of the Po). In January 1939, the division was also assigned the 7th Bersaglieri Regiment.

World War II

At the start of the conflict in June 1940, the division was in Piedmont, ready the assignment with the forces of France (“Front Western Alps”), which, however, only two weeks after he signed the ‘armistice, allowing the next release in the metropolitan area of Trento, moved first in the province of Mantua, then in that of Verona, and finally again in Piedmont.

In 1941 he was sent to Africa with the XXI Corps and settled in Misurata (Libya). Following reached the area of Ain el Gazala (via Marsa el Brega and Derna) and from there moves in the direction of Tobruk, settling in Bu Amud where together with the ‘German Afrika Korps took part to Siege of Tobruk, in whose stronghold British troops had barricaded.

During the siege, and until December of 1941, now under the direct orders of Erwin Rommel, conquered and riperse positions; May was involved in the battles at Halfaya Pass and the Redoubt Capuzzo (Operation Brevity) and emerged victorious albeit at the cost of considerable species losses in the 7th Bersaglieri. In June, he was victorious in the battle with the British troops who had launched the Operation Battleaxe. In November, it faced the Operation Crusader.

Then he was ordered to retreat to Benghazi and Ajdabiya. In 1942 he took up a position at Bir es Suera, which leaned toward Sidi Bregisc. In May, he found himself in battle at Bir Belabat (Battle of Gazala in which he clashed with troops of South Africa), and following the victory regained the so-called “line of Ain el Gazala.”  Then he went in the direction of Tobruk, already conquered by friendly forces, and from there moved to Sidi El Barrani. With folding enemy could conquer Marsa Matruh and seguitare almost as far as El Alamein, near which arrived in July and went into the battle 2, bringing substantial losses. Riorganizzatasi at best, took part in the Battle of Alam Halfa (between August and September 1942). Failed in October trying to defend El Ruweisat, was attacked first in Sidi Aba el Rahman, then near Marsa Matruh. Rommel already registered on November 17 to October 24 the Trent had lost half of its workforce.

Finally in Bir El Abd, where it had been left isolated, the division was destroyed on November 4. The commander, Brigadier General George Masina, was captured.

The 7th Bersaglieri, virtually destroyed (only 200 riflemen were able to disengage), was reconstituted and framed in the XII Corps of the Army, together with the other Regiments employed by other divisions (the 8th, 9th and 12 °), inspired the popular recognition of Rommel “The German soldier has stunned the world, the Italian sharpshooter stunned the German soldier” now engraved on the Italian Military Memorial of El Alamein.

Order of Battle

(1942)

•     61st Infantry Regiment “Sicily”

•     62nd Infantry Regiment “Sicily”

•     7th Bersaglieri Regiment

o     VIII Battalion Sharpshooters

o     X Battalion Sharpshooters

o     XI Battalion Sharpshooters

•     46th Motorized Artillery Regiment “Trento”

o     The Motorized Artillery Group

o     Group II Motorized Artillery

o     Group III Motorized Artillery

o     Motorized Artillery Group IV

•     LI Battalion mixed Genius

o     161 th Engineers Company Guastatori

o     161 ª Company Miners

o     1st Mixed Company telegraph / radio operators

•     51st Section Health

o     57th Field Hospital

o     897 º Field Hospital

•     22 th Section motorization

•     Section 297 th engine

•     9th Section motorization mixed

•     37th Section engine heavy

•     68th Section Bakers

•     Section 160 th Royal Carabinieri

•     Section 180 th Royal Carabinieri

•     Section 266 th Royal Carabinieri

•     109th Military Post Office

El Alamein (October 23, 1942)

organized as a division Autotrasportabile type AS (North Africa)

•     61st Infantry Regiment “Sicily”

o     The Battalion type AS

o     II Battalion type AS

o     III Battalion type AS

o     Company regimental mortars 81

•     62nd Infantry Regiment “Sicily”

o     The Battalion type AS

o     II Battalion type AS

o     III Battalion type AS

o     Company regimental mortars 81

•     46th Motorized Artillery Regiment “Trento”

o     The Group Howitzers from 100/17

o     Group II howitzers from 100/17

o     Group III Cannons 75/27

o     Group IV Cannons 75/27

o     CXXXI Group cannons 149/28 (German)

o     CCCLIV Group cannons 77/28

o     CCCLV Group cannons 77/28

o     XLIII Group Anti-Aircraft Guns from 75/50

o     412 anti-aircraft gunner ª Company 20/65

o     414 anti-aircraft gunner ª Company 20/65

o     IV Battalion antitank guns 47/32 “Grenadiers of Sardinia”

•     LI Battalion Mixed Genius

o     161 th Engineers Company Artieri

o     96th Mixed Company Marconi radio / telegraph

•     51st Section Health

•     51st Section Subsistence

•     Section 266 th Royal Carabinieri

•     109th Military Post Office

Commanders (1939-1944)

•     102 Motorized Division as “Trent” (1939-42)

Maj. Gen. Louis Nievoloni

•     as 102 Division autotrasportabile type AS “Trento” (1941-42)

Maj. Gen. Luigi Nievoloni

Maj. Gen. Giuseppe De Stefanis

January B. Francis Lombardi (interim)

January B. Francesco Scotti

January B. George Masina

Shield

Golden winged sword on shield red garnet.

Campaigns

He participated in the campaign of Ethiopia and the North African Campaign.

Great Italian unit of World War II

Military units of infantry

Military divisions of the Italian Army

You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

Leave a Reply

Powered by WordPress