1st Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

1st Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

1st Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

Summary: This division is one of the first few pieces of German armored troops. On the battlefield of Poland, First Armored Division in conjunction with other armored forces broke the Polish defense quickly, contributing substantially to the rapid defeat of Poland. Similarly, in the Battle of France, it was also the First Armored Division that achieved a decisive breakthrough at Sedan, breaking the French defense. Afterwards, it mainly involved in fighting in the east line and made several excellent results. After the German army was in a disadvantage status in the east line, the division fought and retreated, and ultimately surrendered to the Allied when it retreated to the Alps at the end of the war.

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The 1st Panzer Division was a major formation of the Wehrmacht during the Second World War. It was before the war, the first operational Panzer Division of the Armed Forces. There is also a first Armored division in the army.

History

The 1st Panzer Division was in October 1935, the third from the Cavalry Division was formed inWeimar. It consisted initially of a tank brigade with two regiments, one motorized infantry brigade, an education department, an artillery regiment, and other support units. When the war started, she was one of six armored divisions, which had been set up so far. She was under the XVI. the 10th Army Corps Army.

1939-1940

The 1st Panzer Division began the campaign inPoland, along with the 4th Panzer Division in northernPoland, to counterWarsaw. Between 16 and 20th September she struck back a Polish counter-attack on the Bzura.

In May 1940, the Panzer Division was sent toFranceunder the command of General Heinz Guderian’s armored force of the XIX. Army Corps asked. The division pushed forward through the Ardennes and reached on 16 May the breakthrough atSedan. End of May, she operated against the British Expeditionary Force, but15 kmofDunkirkreceived the stop command. After use in the north ofFrance, she was transferred to the Aisne, to break the remaining resistance in westernFrance. On 12 June, the division achieved a breakthrough towardsBelfort. The Division then went further south toFranceon 22 June in Compiègne capitulated.

After the end of operations in the West Division, as part of strengthening the Armoured Corps restructured. Panzer Regiment 2 was 16th at the Given Panzer Division, to compensate the Division received the 113th Rifle Regiment

1941-1943

During the attack on the Soviet Union, the Division of Army Group North was assumed you operated inEstonia, reaching on 14 July Luga,65 kmfromLeningrad. I stayed there the Division three weeks, while the front was straightened. With the beginning of the siege ofLeningradand reaching the Ladoga’s the Wehrmacht Panzer Division began as a tip in the direction of the center ofLeningradproceed. The division of the city perimeter on 8 September, but was on the 18th removed from the front, since the operations had bogged down against the Ladoga.

In October, the armored division to the battle was turned toMoscowand placed under the command of Panzer Group 3. The division was the end of November about20 kmfromMoscow, the city could reach but not until 6 December began, the Soviet counter-offensive. In the next two months, the division was involved in heavy defensive fighting. The retreat of the division began in Klin and moved in the range of 100 to200 kmwest ofMoscow. End of the year stood at Rzhev, from where it was in January 1943 moved toFranceto rearm.

1943-1945

In June 1943, the Division was sent to the Balkans, then to Greecefor coastal defense. Only in November, she was transferred to the Ukraine, where she participated in the defense of Kiev. The division fought in the spring of 1944 against Soviet Dnepr-Carpathian operation and was incorporated in April in Kamianets-Podilskyi-boiler, but managed with the 1st Panzer Army the outbreak. In September 1944, the Division was sent to the Carpathian Mountains, in October in Hungary, where she took part in the Battle of Budapest. The Division moved into the Alps in the back room area of Graz. On 8 May she turned and walked with their mass over the Enns, where the U.S. Army troops already were, and laid down their arms. This happened after the truce came with the Americans in force. The members of the Division were therefore not prisoners of war but disarmed German, who were released relatively quickly.

Commanders

  • Cavalry General Maximilian von Weichs – 1 October 1935 to 30 September 1937
  • Lieutenant General Rudolf Schmidt – 1 October 1937 to 2nd November 1939
  • Major General Friedrich Kirchner – 2 November 1939 to 16th July 1941
  • Major General Walter Krueger – 17 July 1941 to 11th January 1942 (in charge of leadership)
  • Major General / Lieutenant General Walter Krueger – 12 January 1942 to 31 December 1943
  • Major General Richard Koll – 1 January to 19 February 1944
  • Colonel Werner Marcks – 19 to 25 February 1944
  • Colonel Eberhard Thunert – 25 September 1944 to 8th May 1945

Organization:

First Panzer Division

  • First Armoured Brigade
  • Panzer Regiment 1
  • Panzer-Division I (repealed in July 1941, reorganized in January 1943)
  • Panzer Division II
  • Panzer Regiment 2 (repealed October 1940)
  • Panzer-Division I
  • Panzer Division II

  First Rifle Brigade

  Rifle Regiment 113 (renamed Panzer Grenadier Regiment 113 July 1941)

  • Rifle Battalion I (established November 1940)
  • Rifle Battalion II (established February 1941)

  Motorized infantry Battalion 1

  Artillery Regiment 73

  • Artillery Division I
  • Artillery Division II
  • Artillery Division III (established 1941)

  Reconnaissance Battalion 4

  Tank Destroyer Division 37

  Army Flak Abteilung 299 (established 1943)

  Engineer Battalion 37

  Grenadier Replacement Department 1009

  News division 37

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