3rd Cavalry Division Amedeo Duca d’Aosta

The 3rd Division Swift “Principe Amedeo Duca d’Aosta” was a large unit of the Royal Army, which operates during the ‘Italian occupation of Albania and the Second World War. It was one of three divisions rapid, divisions or hybrid initially composed of two cavalry regiments (each of two groups mounted squadrons and one squadron Mitraglieri always fitted), a regiment of riflemen cyclists (then truck-mounted), from an artillery regiment of a group Cartage 75/27 Mod 1912 powered by two groups 75/27 Mod 1911 and a group of 61 armored tanks of the type L3/33 and L6/40. The workforce at 10 June 1940 was 7310 men, with 2,154 horses, 418 motor vehicles, 24 artillery tractors, 539 motorcycles and 2500 bicycles. In addition, amenities, in addition to the aforementioned light tanks, cannons included 48 (16 anti-aircraft 20/65, 8 antitank 47/32 and 24 pieces pitched 75/27 Mod 1912) 249 heavy machine guns and 172 read. Lack of an effective operational capability in the context of mechanized warfare, the rapid divisions saw a very limited operational use and were largely reused for the creation of units of another type.

For rapid divisions were chosen the names of the best leaders of the House of Savoy, in particular, this division was named Amedeo of Savoy-Aosta (1898-1942), Prince of Savoy-Aosta and general branch of the Royal Army.

History

A descendant of the 3rd Cavalry Division of Lombardy, the Division Swift “Principe Amedeo Duca d’Aosta” (PADA) was founded in Milan on 1 November 1934, framing the Third Brigade Swift “PADA” and the 3rd Artillery Regiment delivery (Articelere) ” PADA. ” The Third Brigade Swift “PADA” collected the traditions of the Third Cavalry Brigade and framed the Regiment “Savoia Cavalleria”, the “Lancers of Novara”, the ’8th Regiment of Bersaglieri cyclists and Group III Light Tank “San Giorgio”, when February 1, 1938 the command of the Third Brigade swift is suppressed along with all the other commands indivisionati Brigade, the regiments of cavalry and riflemen and the group floats pass under the direct command of the Division. On 27 August the same year, the division also incorporates LXVII armored battalion sharpshooters.

With entry into the war in 1940, the division was moved from Cividale del Friuli in the area of Borgo San Dalmazzo – Cuneo as a reserve army in the battle of the Western Alps, without seeing operational use. From 30 March 1941, the division lost the II and Group III of the 3rd Motorized Articelere, sent to North Africa.

Stationed on the border between Italy and Yugoslavia, on April 13 comes into enemy territory, reaching the following days Jelenje, Kubjak, Cakovac, Slunj. The 20 departments dealing Rakovica, Drazik Grad, Bihac and day 22, Trogir, Split and Karlovac. In Split, the division is committed until 31 May in mopping up operations.

On 23 June 1941, the division receives from the 1st Division Swift “Eugene of Savoy” and the 2nd Division Swift “Emanuele Filiberto Iron Head” respectively the first and the second group Horse Artillery, constituting Group I Articelere rimastole, the 3rd Regiment horse artillery “PADA”. After incorporating the 107th Company controcarri 47/32, in July of 1941 is framed in the Italian Expeditionary Corps in Russia (CSIR) and moved into the area of Botosani, on the Vltava. The units of the division following the front line that moves quickly eastward; reaches Pelschana August 13 and September 6 Dniprodzeržyns’k to take sides on the Dnieper, on the right of the 9th Infantry Division “Pasubio” by engaging in actions reconnaissance patrol , coups and artillery duels.

On 28 September, with the “Pasubio”, focusing on Warwarowka crossing the Dnieper, and then click Jelissawtowka Petrikowka, completing the encirclement maneuver carried north by the Division “Pasubio” and from the south-east of the 52nd Infantry Division “Torino”.

After mopping-up actions you will risk Jekaterino to the right of the “Pasubio” and participate, from 13 October to conquer the Donets Basin; overcome the resistance of the enemy, chasing Russian units across the river Mokryje Jalg; 17 causes them to further folding at Uspenowka, while from 18 October participates in the attack on the city of Stalino, Sofya Roja and Mogila Pereskok. In early November, with an enveloping maneuver, occupies the center of mining and industrial Rikowo and in the following days and Gorlowka Nikitowka. Between 9 and 14 December occupies Malo Orlowka, Iwanowskij and Petro Pawlowka. In the days following the advance of the troops of the Axis Powers is blocked by enemy resistance and counter-Christmas on December 25. The cornerstones of Nowo Orlowka, Iwanowskij Petropawlowka and they’re surrounded and captured. The following day, the division swift, together with the “Pasubio”, resumes part of the lost positions, with a contromanovra which leads, on days 28, 29 and 30, to occupy Rassypnoje and Woroschilowa.

In January 1942, the division rejected the Russian attacks, participating in May to counter the termination of the bag. From 13 to 25 January in front of the division is subjected to continuous attacks that are contained anywhere and rejected. In January-February, with units placed in a rapid tactical group, the division contributes to the containment of enemy troops who managed to wedge in the lines held by the Germans in Izyum and subsequently participates, May 17 to 31, to counter for termination of the bag Izyum.

On 15 March 1942, the division underwent a radical transformation:

•gives the 3rd Regiment “Savoia Cavalleria”, the 5th Regiment “Lancers of Novara”, the 3rd Regiment of Horse Artillery and Group III Light Tank “San Giorgio”, that form the grouping Troops on Horseback “Barbò”;

•receives the 6th Regiment riflemen, the 120th Artillery Regiment motorized, the Ninth Battalion mortars 81, the thirteenth Group self-propelled 47/32 of the 14th Regiment “Cavalry of Alexandria” with these units and with the 3rd Regiment of Bersaglieri already under the large unit assumes the sort of motorized Division.

In addition, in April, is aggregated to the division the Croatian Legion, a ‘foreign units of the Royal Army.

In July 1942, the division attacks and breaks the line of defense between Debalizewo and Nikitino, advancing up to Jwanowka, Kolpakowo, Krassnaja Polyana and Bokowo Platowo, thus completing the occupation of the mining area Krasnij Lutsch. Reporting to the 6th German Army, reached July 25 Voroschilovgrad to cross the next day the Donets and to remain on the line Millerowo. To cover the advance of the Wehrmacht at Stalingrad, between 30 July and 9 August the division carries out a series of attacks against Serafimowic, on the right bank of the Don, eventually winning the fierce enemy resistance and being able to send him back beyond the river.

Left in the rear to reorganize during the first Russian offensive on the Don, on August 20 the division rushes in support of the 2nd Infantry Division “Sforza”, blocking the enemy advance on the right bank of the Don. After a few months of calm, December 17 is forced to abandon the positions around Meschoff. From December 22, the remains of Unit retires with the “South Block” to Dnjepropetrovsk, Poltava, and Jessa Krassnojarovka Ulof, while some departments are part of the “North Block”, composed by Italian and German holed from 23 December in the strand of Chertkovo , are the target of attacks stubborn Russians. The unit, now decimated, continuing difficulties with the folding, reaching finally, in the first decade of January, 1943, at the height of the Donets Forschfadt. When she returned home in April with other departments’ ARMIR, is deployed in the area of Imola, where he began the recovery summing the old physiognomy of division swift, reframing the regiments “Savoia Cavalleria”, “Lancers of Novara”, 3rd Bersaglieri and 3rd artillery accelerated. The division is dissolved on September 15 following the armistice.

Order of Battle: 1940

•3rd Regiment of Bersaglieri

◦XVIII Battalion sharpshooters truck-

◦XX Battalion sharpshooters truck-

◦Twenty-fifth Battalion sharpshooters truck-

◦2nd Company riflemen motociciclisti

◦3rd Company riflemen motociciclisti

◦122 º Autoreparto light

•3rd Regiment “Savoia Cavalleria”

◦The Group’s two squadrons of cavalry squadrons

◦Group II squadrons two squadrons of cavalry

◦5th Squadron gunners

•5th Regiment “of Novara Lancers”

◦The Group’s two squadrons of cavalry squadrons

◦Group II squadrons two squadrons of cavalry

◦5th Squadron gunners

•Group III Light Tank “San Giorgio” in chariots L3/33 and L6/40

•3rd Artillery Regiment Express “PADA”

◦The Group Cartage on two batteries 75/27 Mod 1912

◦Group II of motorized two batteries 75/27 Mod 1912

◦Group III of motorized two batteries 75/27 Mod 1912

•172nd Company antitank

•173rd Company antitank

•IC 81 Battalion mortars

•103rd Company genius transmissions

•105th Company genius

•73rd Health Section

◦159 º Field Hospital

◦837 º Field Hospital

◦20 º core surgical

•Section 213rd gunners

•Section 874th gunners

•Section 356th CC.RR.

Order of Battle: March 1942

•3rd Regiment of Bersaglieri

◦XVIII Battalion sharpshooters truck-

◦XX Battalion sharpshooters truck-

◦Twenty-fifth Battalion sharpshooters truck-

•6th Regiment Bersaglieri

◦VI Battalion sharpshooters truck-

◦XIII Battalion sharpshooters truck-

◦XIX Bersaglieri Battalion truck-

•LXVII armored battalion of two companies of riflemen L6/40

•Group XIII propelled L40 da 47/32/14 Regiment “Cavalry of Alexandria”

•120th Motorized Artillery Regiment

◦The Group has 100/17 on three batteries

◦Group II 75/27 Mod 1911 three batteries

◦Group III 75/27 Mod 1911 three batteries

•93rd-aircraft battery 20/65 Mod 35

•101 anti-aircraft batteryth 20/65 Mod 35

•75th Battery antitank from 75/39

•IX Battalion mortars 81

•103rd Company genius transmissions

•105th Company genius

•73rd Health Section

◦159 º Field Hospital

◦837 º Field Hospital

◦20th Surgical Unit

•93rd Section subsistence

•Section 213rd gunners

•Section 874th gunners

•Section 356th CC.RR.

•3rd squad car for Command of the Army

•7th Street movement Core

•40 º military post office

•XIV Autogruppo heavy

◦218 º heavy Autoreparto

◦219 º heavy Autoreparto

◦122 º Autoreparto light

◦213 º Autoreparto average

•3rd Workshop Mod 37

Commanders (1934-1943)

•Maj. Gen. Francesco Guidi

•Maj. Gen. Sebastiano Murari Dalla Corte Bra

•Maj. Gen. Mario Berti

•Maj. Gen. John Messe

•Lt. Gen. Mario Marazzani

•Maj. Gen. Ettore De Blasio

Great Italian unit of World War II

Infantry divisions of the Italian Army

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