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The 3rdof the United States, with the nicknamed of the Rock of the Marne for its outstanding participation in the Second of the Marne, is a military unit of the Army of the United States, with level of belonging to the of .
The Division has taken part in several wars in which the United States has been involved, beginning with WorldI, in which the 3rd Division had outstanding participation in the Second of the Marne, to continue the , the Korean , the Gulf War or the invasion of Iraq in 2003 .
Currently, the 3rd Infantry Division of the United States is part of the XVIII Airborne, and its base of operations is in Fort Stewart, Georgia.
Established in November 1917 in view of the involvement of its country in World War I, the 3rd Infantry Division met its baptism of fire on 14 July of 1918 at midnight, during the Secondof the Marne, winning for Outstanding share the nickname by which it is known, as the currency of the Division (resterons là Nous in French, meaning that we will stay there), because of their fierce resistance to German attack. Two of the soldiers who were part of the unit were in that battle granted the , the U.S. military’s highest decoration.
The Division was also at the forefront of the American war effort during, taking part in many battles, from Casablanca (Morocco) during the to Salzburg, at (Austria), to Palermo, Anzio, Tome, the Battle of the Vosges, the , the , Nuremberg, Munich and Berchtesgaden, which involved a total of 531 days of sustained fighting on the frontline. During the fighting, 36 members of the Division were awarded the . The Division received the from 1939 to 1945 with the purpose of participating in the fighting in the .
The 3rd Infantry Division also fought during the Korean War, where 11 of its components were also granted the, which were later sent to Germany to collaborate on the defensive mechanism of the NATO in 1958.
In the wake of Saddam Hussein, the president of Iraq, invaded Kuwait in August 1990, the 3rd Infantry Division sent 6,000 soldiers to the Persian Gulf to take part in military operations.
Because of a reform aimed at reducing the strength of the Army of the United States in December 1994, the units belonging to the 3rd Infantry Division became the new 1st Infantry Division, while the units of the 24th Division Infantry became the new 3rd Infantry Division, stationed at Fort Stewart in Georgia, part of XVIII Airborne.
The Division was again deployed to the Persian Gulf in January 2003, conducting the offensive during the 2003 Iraq invasion against Saddam Hussein since 20 March of that year until the fall of the city of Baghdad on 8 April. The 3rd Division remained stationed in Iraq for stabilization missions euphemistically called to be relieved by other units in August 2003.
Today is one of the divisions mobilized to prepare over from U.S. units that are currently deployed in Iraq, and the work proposed is in charge of a country’s capital, Baghdad, conquered the city in April 2003.