6th SS Mountain Division Nord

The 6th SS Mountain Division “Nord” was a division of the Waffen SS, Heinrich Himmler on 15 was formed in January 1942 as SS battle group stationed in northern Norway from units of the Waffen-SS.

History

On 28 February 1941 was the 6th, 7th and 9th SS-Totenkopf-Standarte in northern Norway, the SS-Kampfgruppe Nord, a federation in brigade strength. During the attack on the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941 was the Battle Group will not be able to break through the positions of the Red Army and was repulsed. By September 1941, the battle group to the SS-Division North was expanded before it on 15 January 1942 was converted to SS Mountain Division “Nord”. As part of the numbering of the divisions of the Waffen-SS on 22 October 1943 the Division received the number 6.

The division spent most of the war in Finland and Norway used. In December 1944, she was transferred to the Western Front and fought in the offensive operation “Northwind” in the Vosges. In North Rhine and the Saar-Moselle triangle around Trier it was in February 1945 in defense and rearguard actions against the third U.S. Army used. In early March they should strengthen the defense of the Rhine-Moselle region around Koblenz in the eastern Vorderhunsrück.

The division was in March 1945, the 11 Mountain Infantry regiment with 3 battalions (commander SS-Standartenführer Colonel Hellmuth Raithel), the locally born 12 Reg with 3 Bat. (Comm SS Standartenführer Franz Schreiber), the Artillery Regiment 6 (Comm SS-Sturmbannführer Major Goebel), the 4th Aufklärungsabtl. 6, pioneer Bat. 6, the tank destroyer Dept. 6, a flak Dept. and Dept. News The Reg 12 was withdrawn before the defense of the city Trarbach (Mosel) and lacked the division in theater before Koblenz. The regiment reached 11 as a result of material and fuel shortages this application only with a reconnaissance battalion, two light artillery divisions and parts of a Panzerjägerabteilung. To 17 March 1945, the regiment fought between Lower Moselle and the Hunsrück heights lossy battles with infantry and tank units of the 90th U.S. Infantry Division, during which 189 members of the SS division were killed. They are buried in the military cemetery Pfaffenheck.

The end of March came the division behind the American lines and was able to numerically far underestimated the enemy, after fierce defensive battles in Bad Camberg in space Usingen about 2000 men gather, including members of the battle group Weilburg and members of the Army and Air Force. In the belief that they could catch up with a reality that does not exist in German line of defense in Gelnhausen, the commander SS-Obergruppenführer burner, the division under some heavy fighting across the Wetterau up to the Büdinger forest. The almost completely of American booty motorized vehicles aufgeteileten the column into two columns Division (2 mounted) was the first April Waldensberg occupy the place. Only from that moment the U.S. military was aware that they did not have to do it, with an estimated 600 stragglers of the army, but that a 2000-strong Waffen SS division threatening the supply routes of the American units as well as the headquarters in Lauterbach. Previously, elements of the division a field hospital and a repair company by the U.S. Army to capture. After a successful attack by the Americans, the remaining German forces retreated to Leisenwald where they on 3 Were encircled and annihilated April. Both Waldensberg and Leisenwald were largely destroyed during the fighting. The remaining 800 able-bodied members of the Division and units of the Army and Air Force were able to escape unnoticed by the Americans at night and leaving the wounded, medics and almost all their equipment in the field Büdinger forest, where they were eventually found and taken prisoner. The 6th SS Mountain Division ‘North’ was completely shattered.

Up to 3 April came in the room north of Budingen many places to smaller skirmishes between U.S. units and parts of the division. In contrast to the regular German units that arose quickly and often secretly deposed by the Division, fought the members of the ‘North’ until complete dissolution and were not even after the capture of cooperative. Of mistreatment of American prisoners of war, especially in the African American nurses or the repair company is not known. They could not carry, they were simply left behind.

The SS Mountain Hunters Regiment 12, which was isolated from mid-March 1945, the division fought under the leadership of Standartenführer Franz Schreiber until war’s end and finally surrendered to the Americans in Bavaria.

Structure

From 1943, the division was organized as follows:

•SS Mountain Hunters Regiment 11 “Reinhard Heydrich

•SS Mountain Hunters Regiment 12 “Michael Gaißmair”

•SS Mountain Artillery Regiment 6

•SS-Infanterie-Regiment (mot) 5◦SS Infantry Battalion 9

◦SS Panzer Grenadier Battalion 506

◦SS Rifle Battalion “North” (mot) 6

◦SS-Flak-Division 6

◦SS Mountain Reconnaissance Battalion (mot) 6

◦SS Mountain Division 6 News

◦SS Mountain Engineer Battalion 6

◦SS-Ski (Hunter) Battalion “Norge” (1942-43: Ski Corps “Norge”)

◦SS-launcher-Division 6

◦SS Field Replacement Battalion 6

◾2 and 3 SS-og-politicians companies (Norwegian units)

◾SS Assault Gun Battery 6

•Division troops

◦SS repair Division 6

◦SS Mountain Division 6 ambulances

◦SS Economic Battalion 6

◦SS troops administration department 6

◦SS-troops-field dogs Division 6

◾SS Garment Company 6

◾SS Veterinary Company 6

◾SS Mountain Kriegsberichter-train 6

◾SS military police train-6

Commanders

•28th February to 15 May 1941 SS Brigade Commander and Major General of the Waffen-SS Richard Herrmann

•15th May 1941 to 20 April 1942 SS Brigade Commander and Major General of the Waffen-SS, Karl Huber Demel

•20th April 1942 to 15 December 1943 Major General of the Waffen-SS (from January 30, 1944 and SS brigade leader) Matthias Kleinheisterkamp

•15th December 1943 to 14 June 1944 SS-group leader and Major General of the Waffen-SS Lothar Debes

•14th June to 23 August 1944 SS-Obergruppenführer and General of the Waffen-SS Friedrich-Wilhelm Krüger

•23, August to 1 September 1944 SS-Standartenführer Gustav Lombard

•1 September 1944 to 2 April 1945 SS-group leader and lieutenant general of police Jacob Karl Heinrich Brenner

•2 April to 8 May 1945 SS-Standartenführer Franz Schreiber

Literature

•Rolf Michaelis. The mountain divisions of the Waffen-SS 2 Edition. Michaelis-Verlag, Berlin 1998, ISBN 3-930849-22-4.

•Stephen M. Rusiecki: In Final Defense of the Reich: The Destruction of the 6th SS Mountain Division “Nord”. 2011, ISBN 978-1-59114-744-2.

•Willi Wagner, war at home.The final phase of the second World War II in the Rhein-Mosel-Hunsrück area, simmering 1995, ISBN 3-9804416 1-X.

SS Division

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