Summary:is a lightweight weaponry for blasting on the to clear obstacles in order to avoid fire suppression by the other. was invented in the early days of a war and is still in use today. During , the Allied military was equipped with this kind of equipment. In the North African campaign and the , ground forces of the Allied used such weapons.
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is an explosive charge placed at the end of a long telescopic tube.
It is used by the military genius to eliminate obstacles that would otherwise require them to expose themselves, perhaps under fire directly. It is sometimes colloquially called Bangalore mine, firecracker or simply bangalore.
It is estimated that the modern Bangalore torpedo is effective to clear a path through son and mines up to 15 meters long and 1 meter wide.
The Bangalore torpedo was invented by Captain McClintock of theunit and minor in Bangalore, India, in 1912. It was invented as a way to blow up the barricades traps left by the Boer and the Russo-Japanese war. The Bangalore torpedo would detonate a mine without the sapper come closer than three meters (ten feet).
The bangalore torpedoes are currently manufactured by the Global Defense Systems Poole for the UK and the U.S. armed forces. They have recently been used in operations in Afghanistan for actions such as cleaning supply depots enemy within networks of deep caves.
At the time of the First Worldthe Bangalore torpedo was mainly used for the destruction of the wire before an attack. It could be used under fire from a protected location of a trench. The torpedo was standardized to consist of a number of identical externally threaded pipe 1.5 m in length, one of which contains the explosive charge. The pipes were screwed with connecting sleeves to make the required length, like a hedgehog or chimney cleaning a drain drain. A nose cone was screwed to the end to avoid hang on the ground. It was then pushed forward from a protected position and detonated, to make a hole 1.50 m wide in the barbed wire. An example of this technique can be seen in the 1927 silent film Wings, which received the Oscar for best film. During the of Cambrai, the British have used as a diversion to distract the enemy from where the attack would be launched.
The Bangalore torpedo was later adopted by the U.S. Army and during, designated M1A1 Bangalore . It was widely used by U.S. and Commonwealth forces, especially during landing. The use of a Bangalore torpedo to open a barbed wire fence is shown on the landing beaches in movies, Saving Private Ryan, The Longest Day, Storming Juno and Beyond glory and games. In Beyond the glory, the writer and director Samuel Fuller, a veteran of D-Day, through the narrator expresses his disdain for the risks inherent in the assembly and use of the weapon: “The Bangalore torpedo was 50 feet long and sailed 85 pounds of TNT, and you assemble along the way, by hand.”
Development after the
The Bangalore continues to be used today in a slightly different version of the M1A2, mainly to break barriers in barbed wire. The Britishand the American genius were also called to build similar versions in Bangalore by assembling metal stakes and fill with plastic explosive. The EP is then equipped with a cord and a detonator, and pickets are taped or wired together to make a long shrapnel cuts son exploding. This method produces results similar to standard Bangalore, and can be assembled to the desired length by adding segments.
The latest developments in Bangalore Bangalore is the blade, a new version using lightweight aluminum technology shaped charge to destroy obstacles that the original Bangalore would have been unable to treat. In a test conducted for the television blade Bangalore opened a passage about 5 meters wide in the wire and created a trench deep enough to landmines closest explode. Bangalore Blade was developed in the United Kingdom by Alford Technologies and is intended to be used by both the regular army and special forces units that require a lightweight, portable device to get rid of obstacles.
Other opening devices
The APOBS U.S. and British rifle grenades launched intended to replace the Bangalore because of their ease of use, efficiency and flexibility: they can spawn a lot longer than the torpedo path Bangalore.
U.S. military weapon
of World War
Weapons of WWII