A barracks is basically a military or police ical tion building plant in which soldiers or Housed officers on call (barracks) are.

The word “tenement” is (derogatory) used for simple or run-down apartment buildings with many tenants.

A similar word like barracks garrison. Barracks with one means the individual rather complex, with Garrison always the entire site. Thus, a garrison include several barracks.


The origin of the term is probably from the Arabic al-Qasr, a Arabization in the German acquired the Latin castrum European (German: fortified military camp) back. Similarities are found in many Romance languages ​​again:

•French derivation “caserne” from the Latin “quad nutrition,” a vulgar language term for a guard room with four soldiers

•Derivation from the Spanish “caserna”, meaning “large house” means

•Corruption of the Italian “casa d’arma”, which means “house of arms” means.

In Austria-Hungary, the name was formerly Ubikation (from Latin ubi where) used for barracks and military quarters.

Historical origin

Barracks have been known since the Roman Empire. Then the barracks contained everything what the teams needed for daily life. So there were bakers, shoemakers and other types of craftsmen.

In modern times, the barracks began in the late 17th Century with the advent of so-called standing armies, particularly in France under Louis XIV Before the soldiers were housed in quarters citizens.


From the 18th Century barracks were built on a large scale, which (especially Prussia), however, were usually not set up as crew quarters, but as homes for soldiers and their families in Germany at that time. Therein each family had a room and a chamber in which the soldier with his wife and children, and occasionally other young soldiers lived.

In the 19th Century barracks were built in larger systems that were used exclusively to house the soldiers. It attempts were made ​​with buildings of different sizes of the company – submitted to the battalion sstärke. Each one floor for a company was often provided. In dormitories for the teams usually also a Sergeant (Corporal) was housed; close to the stairs themselves were rooms for officers. Thus, the monitoring of the teams was guaranteed. At the time of the German Empire after 1871, many barracks complexes were rebuilt so that the German army in the early 20th Century was no longer housed with a few exceptions in Behelfsquartieren.

In the 20th Century the image of the barracks was heavily influenced by the so-called rearmament in the first years of the Nazi regime. There were only built from 1934 to 1939/40 over 500 barracks for the army. Many of these were due to the short construction period so-called “100-day barracks”. In addition, the usually “Aerodrome” said newly erected barracks and airfields for the newly established Air Force and SS barracks were (ex: SS barracks (Nuremberg)).

The army barracks arose after largely unified plans, their precursors had already emerged at the end of the Empire. A typical Army barracks from the 1930s for a battalion or department usually included an office building, three building company and one or two outbuildings. In the office building, the guard was almost always housed with, if this building was close to the barracks door.

In barracks, where a battalion of an infantry regiment and the regimental headquarters were stationed himself next to the building of the regimental staff, two other team buildings have been erected. This housed the 13 and 14 Company, which was directly subordinated to the regiment. A typical barracks of this kind was the Estorf barracks in Hamburg Jenfeld (later renamed as part of Lettow-Vorbeck-Kaserne).

The building of the army barracks were mostly performed three storeys, ie with an elevated ground floor and two floors above. The facades were decorated differently but such Example, by plastering or brick veneer. Here, the local conditions took effect. The farm buildings, however, were carried out on two levels, but the bullets were greater heights, as in the farm buildings were the kitchens and dining rooms.

There were deducted from the buildings described above, the technical area or functional area. In this area, for example, building sheds for motorized vehicles, guns, workshops, stables were built, which were required by the housed units, etc. Often a shooting range was built in the barracks. Were rods, for As a regimental headquarters, in addition housed in a barracks, built its own headquarters building for this purpose. Due to the high number of officers who were stationed in such a barracks, a building was built in a similar style to the Officers / casino usually still.

Typical barracks from that period are:

Barracks Douaumont in HamburgBuilt for an artillery regiment stationed there for two departments: by department: three team building, a bar and a farm building. There were also a headquarters building for the regimental staff officer and a casino. In the south-west corner was to rebuilding the barracks to the Helmut Schmidt University of the Federal Armed Forces, a small shooting range.

Barracks Hanseatic (formerly Litzmann barracks) in HamburgBuilt for a news department: three team building, a bar and a farm building. There were extensive buildings for the functional and technical area.

Barracks of the army today

With newer barracks accommodation in single rooms are usually one to two blocks in company strengths. The accommodation of the soldiers carried out separately by grade group n, use and sex. Thus, recruits have to fourth in basic training or on other short courses usually divide to six or even eight to a room, while it remains in the core units at four-to six-person rooms. The higher you rise in rank, the more likely you are entitled to allotment of a single facility if the construction and staffing conditions permit.

Under the heading Barracks in 2000 refers to the gradual transformation of the usual bars to increase the quality of living. This includes, among other things, new furniture (tables, chairs, cabinets), reducing the number of beds per room and the resolution of the previous collection Sanitary facilities and their integration into the new offices, so that, for example, two rooms share a shower / toilet.

Depending on the nature of the barracks there are pure accommodation buildings or those in which usually are located on the ground floor, the room service of the company management. The administrative and commercial premises are located in other buildings. The barracks also sports facilities, training grounds, medical facilities and care facilities (OHG, UHG, home team, recreational offices) can be located.

Barracks are usually military security areas are secured with fences and guarded under the threat of use of weapons against unauthorized access.

Ports of the Marine barracks are also, in principle, but are commonly referred to as a base. In the Air Force, the accommodation areas of the soldiers for security usually of the airfields are spatially separated.

Attached is a (location) practice area, the received combat training in open terrain and deepen the recruits in some barracks.


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