Theof Guilin-Liuzhou opposed in 1944 the Imperial Japanese Army and the Chinese National Revolutionary Army during the Sino-Japanese .
The Japanese attack was part of, which had the particular aim of achieving a junction between the Chinese territories already occupied by their troops, to strengthen their control over the country. After clashes in Hunan and Guangdong, the Japanese approached Guilin and Liuzhou. Chinese troops were mainly comprised of survivors of the fourth battle of Changsha, and had insufficient manpower to defend Guilin. After ten days of fighting, the Chinese evacuated Guilin and Liuzhou, arriving late November to control two-thirds of Guangxi. The failure was important for the Chinese troops, who retreated hastily abandoned and in addition a lot of material in their retirement.
However, the Japanese suffered a tactical disadvantage because of this victory, because increasing the territory under their control, it forced them to disperse more troops in China, making them more vulnerable to Chinese attack.