Battle off Samar

Battle of Samar island was a part of the Battle of Leyte Gulf It took place on 25 October 1944 Samar, north east of the island of Leyte Gulf.

Background

Vice Admiral Takeo chastise led naval task force was on its way to attack the island of Leyte landings has entered the U.S. Navy in a. The landing on the south side was the securing of Admiral Clifton Sprague-led convoy of aid ships assembled naval task force, a main task was to support landings.

Battle

Departments suddenly found each other, at 6.45. Admiral Kurita gave the order to leave the “general offensive”.

Admiral Sprague sent all of its laws airplane, and three destroyers and four convoy of enemy fighters. Visibility to cover all vessels savuttivat strongly. Osahaittana was that the aircraft was not armored bomb and torpedo OF instead of just shrapnel bombs and mines as they had in the morning to hit the enemy infantry – but did not have time to change weapons. The most important thing was to get something to shock your destination – and a threat to the company was successful. And as the machines went back to the first attacks of their installed a fever in a hurry suitable weapons as long as they had enough.

In the smoke and confusion in the Japanese did not have guessed he is dealing with a small and lacking strength department.

Discipline Bridge had the wrong idea of ​​the power of the enemy: he was afraid to be greeted by 3 large fleet of aircraft carriers.

American fine-tooth radio traffic was bluffing, the worst damage came from the fact that one will chastise intelligence officer recognized one of the American telegrapher: every telegrapher style is unique, and this is the telegrapher happened to be the battleship USS New Jersey yliradisti – and New Jersey was a Vice-Admiral William F Halsey’s flagship . Just Halsey, “Bull-Bill,” was the admiral that the Japanese were afraid even of his unscrupulous energies due. Halsey instinctively Statement angry comment at Pearl Harbor 8 December 1941 when he saw an air strike marks: had begun to live among the Japanese their own lives: their general management and even instigated belief was that Halsey would have wanted to kill everyone in front of him came the Japanese!

No one could have predicted it, that the language of the random mask error Halsey was actually going in the wrong direction!

After losing two torpedo attack cruiser, Chokai and Chikuma’s, Admiral Kurita decided to withdraw, at 9.10, even though he still had at its disposal, including flagship Yamato. At that time, the Americans were the two remaining two 127 mm cannon and a few lighter tube armed light convoy of destroyers, the USS Raymond (DE-341, Lieutenant-Commander AF Beyer) and USS Dennis (DE-405, Lieutenant-Commander JE Pace), escort destroyer USS John C. Butler (DE -405, Lieutenant S. Hansen) was damaged in taistelukyvyttömäksi and fourth, Lieutenant-Commander RW Copeland command of the USS Samuel B. Roberts (DE-413), had been destroyed in a heavy grenade hit the mark and the bow cannon cartouche of the explosion. The convoy fighter torpedoes – which was only four per vessel – were already at the end.

Also, the three major fighter escort to two, the USS Hoel (DD-533, Lieutenant Commander LS Kintberger) and USS Johnston (DD-557, Lieutenant Commander EE Evans) had already uppoamistilassa after receiving several heavy shells hits. The third destroyer, the USS Heerrmann (DD-532, AT Commander Hathaway) was unable to fight the main gun and torpedo damaged in the end. The ship was no longer in function some 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and a number of machine guns. Similarly, one flight a support vessel, the USS Gambier Bay (CVE-73, Commodore WR Viewig), was destroyed after receiving hits from the heavy cruiser Tone and the battleship Yamato’s cannons. Aircraft was left some machine guns and artillery ammunition.

The Japanese retreat from Rear Admiral Sprague department took urgent repairs, the machines had been lost in the abundance, as well as all the bombs and torpedoes used. Pilots, however, was lost in just a few, because the majority of the damaged aircraft was either able to get back on board the aid convoy, or at least creates and landed in the sea where the convoy fighters pick them up. Later, American submarines found the pair fall in the shadow of the sea resort displaced Admiral Sprague pilots.

The first kamikaze attack

St. Lo broke out in a kamikaze attack on fire

American victory in the Battle in spite of getting the final blow came in at 10.50.

Left the island of Luzon in a Japanese kamikaze attack a group of Sprague ships attacked.

One plane hit the St. Lo (CVE-63, Captain FJ McKenna) passing through the air against it. The ship caught fire and burned exploding for about an hour, until the sinking. Other escort aircraft carriers – Rear Admiral Sprague’s flagship Fanshaw Bay (CVE-70, Commodore DP Johnson), Kalinin Bay (CVE-68, Commodore TB Williamson), Kitkun Bay (CVE-71, Commodore JP Whitney) and White Plains (CVE- 66, Captain DJ Sullivan) – survived unscratched.

Summary

Was not until the end of the war survived the Battle of Samar Island exceptionality: The Battle of Leyte Gulf side of the stage in the fight for the Americans suffer from 5/6 size of the stage for a battle losses. Loss of Samar coast were the two escort ships, two destroyers and one destroyer escort.

The sixth loss of the ship was a light aircraft carrier USS Princeton (CVL-23, Capt. WH Buracker), which is managed on the deck were aircraft caught fire dive bomber’s hit and the fire been extinguished. Fire and rescue services Employees among the major casualties caused the second explosion, we found that nothing had been done. The crew after the evacuation of the anti-aircraft cruiser USS Reno (CL-96, Commodore RC Alexander) torpedoes hit the shooting-still intact aviation gasoline storage part of the wreck and blew to pieces.

Yhsyvaltain naval personnel losses were heaviest in this battle:

•the destroyer escort USS Roberts, the entire crew was lost

•escort carrier USS St. Lo machine men, as well as a significant part of the deck crew of the vessel were lost in fall of

•the destroyer USS Hoelin and the USS Johnston and escort carrier USS Gambier Bay, the destruction was so slow that the evacuation was successful, and the men lost just fallen off-center hits. In addition, a number of wounded men left in the water due to the blowing out of the vessel unleashing a fragmented.

•USS Princeton fall of it instead of the ship occurred on the second explosion caused shrapnel killed 229 men, who were fighting positions almost caught a piece of a vessel which entered cruiser USS Birmingham (CL-62, Captain Thomas B. Inglis) on the deck – rescued, free watch men and fighting men, in addition to 420 men were wounded, these half seriously

•However, the vast majority of the pilots were rescued.

After the Second World War sea battles

U.S. battles

Japan battles

1944

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