A brigade is the smallest major military organization of the army there, which is due to its organization, staffing and equipment in a position to solve operational tasks (without substantial reinforcements) to themselves. Assuming are battalions of the brigade combat troops, combat troops regiments and independent companies or even battalion of combat support troops and logistics troops n A brigade is usually subordinate to a division.
The introduction of the brigades was prompted by the need of a new combat stance, as the rifle began to be the exclusive weapon of the infantry. Swedish King Gustav Adolf II built such, without aim initially to a permanent division of his troops with it. When he was in theof Demmin tested (1630) his new brigade position, he held it in administrative and disciplinary ways appropriate, and off the battle to maintain a similar composition as the immediate overview 12-16 regiment he was too difficult.
Carl von Clausewitz defined the brigade as the largest unit, which will be led by a man directly, namely by the range of his voice. Until the mid-20th Century brigades were mostly military associations ren from at least two of the same regiment were each branch of service. A special form represented the French demi-brigade, which took place from 1793 to1803 in military use. The combined arms combat was conducted only onsebene. InGermany, this organizational principle existed until the end of the , the divisions have been since the beginning of World increasingly composed of not more brigades, but directly from the subordinate units.
A brigade consists of 1500-5000 soldier s and is the smallest of several troops genus s organizational composite major formation. The brigades of combat troops lead the combined arms combat.
The tactical signs (sign magnitude) is a cross (X). Commander of an independent brigade is a brigadier general, brigades are subject to a division can be performed by a colonel. The overall management of a brigade, the division, the subordinate management level the regiment or battalion. In thea fighting force nbrigade are usually three to five e battalion and independent companies regulated.
The first brigade of the Armed Forces resulting from reclassification and renaming of the structure in the army I initially establishedn The division into brigades corresponded to the NATO concept. Each of the planned twelve divisions should result in three combat brigades of troops, bringing the total in the former Federal Republic 36 combat troops brigades were set up. The actual installation but withdrew to 1975 (Army structure III) back. After the integration of the NVA in 1990, the army, the Bundeswehr initially grew to 42 combat brigades, but this number was soon again reduced. The army has still eleven combat brigades are organized quite differently. The former tank, armored infantry -, parachute orAirborne and hunters were each structured far more homogenous. With the Franco-German , a multinational brigade is present. In addition, however, were after the end of the Cold
To 1992 (Statement of Airborne31) was followed by the name of the brigades a stringent logic. Brigade number resulted by multiplying the calculated division number 3, of which 1, 2, or 0 has been subtracted: For the first Airborne ( Division) surrendered so the brigade numbers 25-27. The 25 was the so-called 1 Brigade of the division, the 26th the second, etc. This numbering system exists in this stringent form is no longer, as in assumption changes mostly the old name is retained for reasons of tradition. The Badge of the brigades were also derived from this system: The division and brigade badges were equivalent to the border. The Division Badge had a silvery-black knurled rim. The Badge of the first brigade was white border (no cord), the second red, the yellow of the third.
In the target structure of the Bundeswehr following brigades are provided (all in the army):
- Lehr Brigade 9,Munster
- Armoured Brigade 12, Cham
- Armoured Brigade 21 August Village
- Mountain Brigade 23, Bad Reichenhall
- Airborne Brigade 26, Lebach
- Mechanised Brigade 37, Frankenberg
- Mechanised Brigade 41,Neubrandenburg
- Franco-German Brigade
- Special Forces Command (brigade equivalent)
Swiss Army andAustria
Since the Army XXI reform the Swiss army is divided into brigades and battalions. Following the abolition of the army corps and divisions of the brigade is now the largest organization unit. A brigade consists of up to 10,000 military personnel. She is out of a brigadier. InAustria, the term is also brigadier.
In France, also a division of the company is called a brigade, but only in the mounted regiments (cavalry, tanks) and the National Gendarmerie. The brigade consists of five to ten soldiers and is led by a brigadier.