Édouard Daladier

Édouard Daladier

Édouard Daladier

Édouard Daladier was born in Carpentras (Vaucluse) and died in Paris. He is a French politician, a figure of the Radical Party.

Political debut

Son of a baker in Carpentras, Édouard Daladier following courses khâgne of Edouard Herriot in Lyon Ampere school. It is first received at the aggregation history. He was appointed professor of history at Nîmes in 1909.

In 1911 he was elected mayor of Carpentras. He went to the front in 1914: he returned in 1918 with the rank of lieutenant, the Legion of Honor and four citations. After an initial failure in 1914, Édouard Daladier was elected radical Vaucluse from 1919 to 1940. He is President of the Radical Party from 1927 to 1930 and from 1936 to 1938. Édouard Daladier was nicknamed “the bull of Vaucluse” in politics (Neville Chamberlain cruelly nicknamed “the bull with horns snail”).

He participated in the governments of the Left Cartel (1924 – 1926) and the following years, as Minister of Colonies (1924), War (1925), Public Instruction (1926), and Public Works (three times from 1930 to 1932). He will appoint himself Chairman in 1933, then in 1934, when he will resign after the riot pre-insurgency 6 February 1934.

At the Congress of Radical Nantes in 1934, he launched the theme “Two hundred families,” picked up by the extreme right and the communists (“Two hundred families are masters of the French economy and, in fact, the French policy“).

Radical Party leader, he participated in the rally left for the elections of June 1936, allowing the alliance of the PCF, the SFIO and the Radicals. He became Minister of National Defence during the Popular Front government from 1936 to 1937.

“Man ofMunich”

The initiator the “quadripartite pact” signed with theUnited Kingdom,GermanyandItalyin order to promote the integration ofGermanyinto theLeague of Nations, it is a signatory, as Chairman of the Board of the Munich Agreement in 1938.

Opposed to negotiating with Hitler, he will not sign these agreements so grudgingly, driven by the policy of appeasement of Britain’s Neville Chamberlain and Lord Halifax unfavorable to war against Germany. The information provided by the General Staff on the weakness of the French Air Force, the desire not to put the country on the path to a new world war and cruel, the strong pacifist encourage the resolve to ratify this agreement based on a meeting he later called “trap” when he will know the will of N. Chamberlain signed a separate agreement with Germany. After Munich, on his return to France, Daladier imagine it will be booed for having yielded to Hitler’s Munich agreement giving the Nazis a part of Czechoslovakia without significant counterparties if the usual promises of peace never met until then. Upon exiting the plane bringing him back at Le Bourget, he is acclaimed for his surprise seen as the savior of peace. He exclaimed, and heard the only Alexis Leger, who followed him: “Ah the idiots! If only they knew! 9) In his memoirs, he expressed a more moderate: “I was expecting tomatoes and flowers I received.”

In March 1939, the German army invadedCzechoslovakia.

In August 1939, General Maxime Weygand recalls to active duty.

A few hours after Britaindeclares war on Germanyafter the invasion of Polandby German troops, and encourages a parallel policy after the anti-non-aggression pact signed by Molotov and Ribbentrop (outlaw the French Communist Party to ban publication of Humanité, elected communists forfeiture of their mandates).

Overthrew the following the non-intervention of France in Finland (after the Winter War launched by the USSR, still officially allied with Germany, but in fact feared German intervention against the Finland threatening the Soviet Union’s free access to the Baltic Sea via the encirclement of St. Petersburg, then Leningrad, and Baltic countries), it is nevertheless part of the Reynaud cabinet as Minister of National Defence and War .

Attempt to continue the fight and jail

On 10 May 1940, when the German attack against Belgiumand the Netherlands, a government crisis erupted with the resignation of Paul Reynaud presented to the President of the Republic.
Daladier and General Gamelin were opponents who wanted Reynaud replaced Gamelin. Because of the outbreak of the German offensive, President Lebrun refuse the government’s resignation. Daladier, who had, in the days before the draft to go toBrussels in order to bring the government and the king to declare war onGermany, is unable to perform this project become obsolete. From the 10, at dawn, the king and the government, in effect, rejected the German ultimatum having to leave the Wehrmacht throughBelgium to the south to attackFrance. Daladier that ignores, or which he does not consider is that General Gamelin, as revealed by his memoirs, was also in secret communication with King Leopold III since 1938. All the information the staff and the King could have about the German attack plans were communicated toParis. But despite warnings about German intentions to attack in the Ardennes toSedan, Gamelin maintains the plan he established at the end of 1938 between the French army inBelgium to go north to the rescue of theNetherlands .

Daladier still gets to encounter Leopold III, 12 Casteau on the Franco-Belgian border. At this time, the king (who left the capital on 10 May at 8:30 inthe morning to join the Belgian General Staff Headquarters Breendonck, north ofBrussels) has already agreed to submit to the orders of the French General Staff. Moreover, the general Champon, liaison officer Gamelin, has arrived in the Belgian Staff from May 10 Moreover, traffic congestion and railroads invaded by refugees, alongside the French regiments amount north, would have made the trip Daladier dangerous, if not impossible. And Belgian airspace is prohibited to any device that is not a fighter. This condemns certain statements that Daladier was rushed toBrusselsto occupy to convince the Belgian resistance. This is downright meaningless, because on 10 May, the king and the government had already initiated the plan established in accordance with Gamelin.

At the end of the first day of hostilities, the Dutch are precipitated down, leaving the Belgian army exposed to be turned from the north, while the French and Belgian defenses in the Ardennesare pressed after three days. After 18 days, the embarkation English left the Belgians discovered on their right and helpless possible since the Wehrmacht was separated from the French armies of the Belgian army and the French regiments that fought at his side. The German armies poised to sweep to the south, invading France, whose armies are defeated and best unreservedly recognize as had General Weygand from May 16 to Reynaud and Churchill. Under these conditions, the authority of French ministers can only survive if they soustrayent the German advance. It threatens the heart of Franceat the beginning of June 1940, despite taking command of General Maxime Weygand, Reynaud appointed on May 18, too late to stop the German breakthrough through the north of the country. While eight million refugees are thrown on the roads, Daladier board, at Bordeaux, with other politicians, including Pierre Mendes-France, on the ship Massilia toMorocco, where he was put under arrest waiting to be repatriated toFrance at the beginning of August. Interned without trial, he appeared at the trial of Riom with Blum and other politicians and staff officers accused of being responsible for the defeat. Turning to the trial of Marshal Pétain confusion, it is interrupted “for additional information.” After the invasion of the free zone, it is delivered to the Germans. April 4, 1943 interned in the area ofWeimar, near the Buchenwald concentration camp, it is then transferred to 2 May 1943 at thecastle ofItter,Tyrol. There remains held company Jouhaux and his wife Augusta Bruchlen, Paul Reynaud with his collaborator Christiane Mabire, Generals Gamelin and Weygand, Colonel deLa Rocque, Michel Clemenceau and Jean Borotra throughout a cohabitation complicated by political differences between these various personalities. They will be liberated by the Americans two years later, on 5 May 1945.

The post-war

It fails to elections in October 1945 for the First National Constituent Assembly but was elected to the second Constituent Assembly in June of the following year. Re-elected in the parliamentary elections of November 1946, it retains its mandate in the elections of 1951 and 1956 and conquered the mayor ofAvignonin 1953. It supports the cabinet ofPierreMendèsFranceand his attempt to renovate the Radical Party. He chairs the Rally of Republican left in 1957. In June 1958, he voted against the nomination of General de Gaulle and the assignment of full powers to the Government. Came third in the first round of elections in November 1958, it does not maintain its bid for the second round. He then resigned his mandate as mayor ofAvignon.

He died and is buried in thecemeteryofPère-Lachaisein Paris (division 72).

Ministerial career

  • Minister of Colonies of 14 June 1924 to 17 April 1925 the Government Herriot (1)
  • Minister of War from October 29 to November 28,1925 inthe government of Paul Painlevé (3)
  • Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts 28 November 1925 to 9 March 1926, the government Aristide Briand (8)
  • Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts 19 to 23 July1926 inthe government Herriot (2)
  • Minister of Public Works from 21 February to 2 March1930 inthe government Chautemps (1)
  • Minister of Public Works of 13 December 1930 to 27 January 1931 the Government Théodore Steeg
  • Minister of Public Works from 3 June to 18 December 1932 the Government Herriot (3)
  • President of the Council and Minister of War 31 January 1933 to 24 October 1933 the government Édouard Daladier (1)
  • Minister of War October 26, 1933 to January 30,1934 inAlbert Sarraut governments (1) and Chautemps (2)
  • President of the Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 30 January to 9 February1934 inthe government Édouard Daladier (2)
  • Minister of National Defence on 4 June 1936 to 10 April1938 inthe governments Blum (1) Chautemps (3) Chautemps (4) and Blum (2)
  • President of the Council and Minister of Defence 10 April 1938 to 21 March 1940 Édouard Daladier Government (3)
  • Minister of Defence from 21 March to 18 May1940 inthe government of Paul Reynaud
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs from 18 May to 5 June1940 inthe government of Paul Reynaud


  • From Elizabeth Réau, Edouard Daladier, ed. Fayard,Paris, 1993.
  • Rene Remond, J. Bourdin (ed.), Edouard Daladier government leader FNSP, Paris, 1977.
  • Rene Remond, J. Bourdin, France and the French in 1938-1939, FNSP, Paris, 1978.
  • Yvert Benedict (ed.), Prime Ministers and Presidents Council.History and Dictionary rational heads of government in France (1815-2007), ed. Perrin,Paris, 2007, 916 p.

Born in Carpentras

Minister of theThirdRepublic

French Minister of Overseas

Head of State or Government of the Second World War

Personality of the Republican Party, Radical and Radical-Socialist

Chairman of theThirdRepublic

Former member of Vaucluse (ThirdRepublic)

Former member of Vaucluse

Deputy of the Twelfth Legislature of theThirdRepublic

Member of the Thirteenth Parliament of theThirdRepublic

Member of the Fourteenth Legislature of theThirdRepublic

Member of the Fifteenth Parliament of theThirdRepublic

Sixteenth member of the legislature of theThirdRepublic

Member of the first Parliament of theFourthRepublic

Member of the Second Parliament of theFourthRepublic

Member of the Third Parliament of theFourthRepublic

Provencal historical personality

Former mayor of Carpentras

Born in 1884

Death in 1970

Person buried in thecemeteryofPère-Lachaise(division 72)

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