Ettore Bastico

Ettore Bastico

Ettore Bastico

This article is about an Italian general in the Desert War of North African Campaign during World War II

Ettore Bastico (Bologna, 9 April, 1876 – Rome, 2 December, 1972) was an Italian General before and during World War II.

Hector Bastico entered the MilitaryAcademy on 14 October, 1894, obtained his appointment as second lieutenant, and was assigned the 3rd Regiment Sharpshooters where he distinguished himself from the beginning on 30 October, 1896. On 21 December, 1899, he was promoted to Lieutenant in the same regiment. After attending the War College when it turned in the top ranking, he was promoted to Captain on 3rd September 1909. He found in Libya as an observer dirigible, then from March 20,1913, in the Body of the General Staff.  He walked quickly degrees with a choice of up to more promotions to colonel. During the First World War, Bastico was an officer of the General Staff at the various joints of the foot.

In 1928, he became a brigadier. Later, he took part in the war in Ethiopia and the Spanish Civil War, he was head of the contingent of Corps of Volunteer Troops.

In May 1935, Bastico took command of 1st Blackshirt Division of XXIII March in East Africa.  Then Bastico was passed to the command of the Third Army Corps operating in Ethiopia.

In 1937, he was sent to command the volunteers of Italian troops in the Spanish Civil War. After the victory of the command to leave Berti in January and returned to Italywhere he was given the organization of the Army motor. He assumed command of the Poriver and reserved division.

In 1939, he was appointed Senator in the Legislature of the Kingdom of Italy.

Bastic was personal friend of Mussolini, on 19 July, 1941, he replaced Italo Gariboldi as governor of Libya and commander of the troops of the Axis.

His chief of staff, Gambara Gaston, was a friend of Cyan and a sort of hero of the Spanish Civil War, for the malicious rumors that the “Spanish mafia” is a group that had used the war to obtain the benefits personal.

The arrival of the Germans did lose Bastico great prestige because of the conduct of war contrasted with Erwin Rommel, who, in fact, was the real leader of the Italian-German troops.

Rommel had a bad opinion, considered him “difficult, autocratic and violent” enough to call it “Bombastus”. In addition, he said Gambara that they were “shit”. In the journal of the interpreter of Rommel, Wilfred Armbruster, these epithets were often reported especially during the crisis of the Italian infantry in the summer of 1942. This assessment of Rommel should be read in light of the verbal battles between Rommel and the Bastico, bitter disagreements and hard especially after the capture of Tobruk in June 1942; Bastico, together with the Marshal Kesselring, strongly opposed the plan and unnecessarily Rommel as well as tracking enemy to destroy in the Libyan border and then fill up as soon as possible to Cairo.

Bastico had a more realistic view of the situation that required the redeployment of troops on the ground, exhausted and without refueling. In addition, Bastico and Marshal Cavallero pushed for the approval of the Plan “Malta” and emphasized the importance of preventive and immediate occupation of the island first in a continuing offensive in Egypt. This island was allowed the British Navy Aviation and blocked all supply routes fromItaly to the African continent. The facts in the book War without hate: In the period from September 6 to October 23, broke with great violence of war supplies. On 23 October, the British had definitely lost and, instead, had previously won their very on us.

After the Second Battle of El Alamein, the Italo-German forces were constantly forced to retreat, abandoning both the Cyrenaica and Tripoli (Tripoli fell on 23 January, 1943), and reaching in Tunisia; On August 12 of 1942 (after the great victories of Gazala and Tobruk), the Axis had been appointed Marshal of Italy in part to counter balance the appointment of Field Marshal Rommel. In 1943, after the failure of military operations in Africa, then retired to private life and at the end of World War II, wrote works on military history.

Overall, the Marshal Bastico had over 50 years of actual service during which time he has worked in peace and war, ten campaigns of the war he did. He died inRomeon 1 December, 1972 in the Celio hospital.

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