Ferdinand von Bredow

Ferdinand von Bredow (born May 16, 1884 in Neuruppin, † June 30 or July 1, 1934 in Berlin light field) was a German officer, Major General of the army last. He was a close associate and confidant Kurt von Schleicher’s and was like this during the Röhm-Putsch murdered there by the Nazis.

Life and work

Von Bredow was from the Brandenburg Uradelsgeschlecht Bredow. Following the tradition of his family, he struck the school a military career and came on 22 March 1902 as a lieutenant in the Queen Elizabeth Grenadier Guards Regiment No. 3 in Charlottenburg. From 1 October 1910 to 21 July 1913 it commanded him to the Prussian Military Academy.

From 1914 to 1918 he participated as an officer in the First World War, where he was mainly on the Western Front, and others to use the Iron Cross II and first class and the Knight’s Cross of the Royal House Order of Hohenzollern with Swords was excellent. After the war, his acquisition was in the Army. Here he was in 1925 at the Department of Defense’s Defense Ministry and took over five years later, in January 1930, whose line.

In 1932 he was appointed at s whose appointment as successor to the Reichswehr Minister Kurt von Schleicher, chief of the ministerial office in the Defense Ministry, and thus also to the Vice Schleicher. Thus it was Schleicher’s personal “information service”, one of several standing in competition with each other intelligence organizations subordinated whose head he was already in the phase of the outgoing Republic. After Schleicher was appointed in December 1932 as chancellor, Bredow took over the position of chairman of the Reichswehr Ministry.

Bredow early 1933 was promoted to Major General. In January, he pleaded addition Eugen Ott and Kurt von Hammerstein-Equord for a military coup to prevent the overthrow of the government Schleicher. After Schleicher did not respond to these plans and the end of January 1933 resigned as Chancellor, was born on 28 January, Franz von Papen, President Hindenburg appointed by the formation of a government in which Adolf Hitler was appointed chancellor. After commencement of the Hitler government on 30 January 1933 and the acquisition of the Reichswehr Ministry Werner von Blomberg Bredow was already on 1 February 1933 as head of the Office minister replaced by Walter von Reichenau and took his leave.

Last years (1933-1934)

A planned von Bredow Paris  travel in January 1934 grew into a small affair of state. He got letters of the English and French attaché in Berlin, which should “open doors” to him in Paris a few. At the border station Herbesthal the police pulled him out of the train, found the letters diplomats and arrested him. On the initiative of Minister of Defence Blomberg, however, he was released.

A few weeks after this incident, published a Parisian émigré publishing the anonymous diary of a Reichswehr General. Mistakenly took the tips of the Nazi Party, that the anonymous author of the book was none other than Bredow.

Bredow learned yet 30 June 1934 of the murder of Schleicher and received warnings, but decided to stay with his family. On the evening of the same day Bredow was arrested by members of the SS and taken to the SS barracks lights field. On his arrival there he was already dead He had two bullet wounds in the head. Bredow’s son Carl Hasso, then eight years old and witnessed the arrest was, after the assassination of his father paid a month education allowance of 150 marks.

In research various possible motives for murder Bredows are discussed. Once it is assumed that Bredow through his former position as head of the defense department in the Ministry of Defense with delicate – was familiar with the internals of the Nazi Party – and in the case of a revelation possibly compromising. Another theory focuses upon personal tracking Bredows by Hermann Goering. Goering had offered in November 1932, in an interview with Bredow, establish a Ministry of Aviation, declaring that he was willing, even under another Hitler as chancellor. After the “seizure” of Hitler, the thinking goes, have Goering, the confidant of his unpleasant short-term doubts about Hitler’s success in the struggle for power and want to get rid of the contemplated Überläuferei.

Memorial stele

To 124 Bredow’s birthday in May of 2008, in the presence of, among other son Carl-Hasso von Bredow, the Bundeswehr Brigadier General Christian Westphal, the head of the German Resistance Memorial Johannes Tuchel, and the issuer of the records of Bredow’s from the years 1933/34, Dr. Irene Strict front of the house Spichernstraße 15 in Berlin-Wilmersdorf, where the family had lived from 1930 to 1934, revealing a memorial stele with inscription. Assumed sponsorship of the Federal Minister of Defence.

Carl-Hasso von Bredow, who later as a banker at Bankhaus Metzler in Frankfurt / M. worked was the guest of honor, among other public vow of army recruits in front of the Reichstag building in Berlin on 20 July 2010, he also variously reported to school classes about the events of that time and circumstances of the time.


•Irene severity: Ferdinand von Bredow. Notes from 20/02/1933 to 31/12/1933. Daily records from 01.01.1934 to 28.6.1934 (Contemporary History Research Volume 39), Duncker & Humblot GmbH, Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-428-12960-7 (Print) 978-3-428-52960-5 ( E-Book)

Military person (Prussia)

Military person (army of the German Empire)

Person in the First World War (German Reich)

Winner of House Order of Hohenzollern

Person (St. John)

Politicians (Weimar Republic)

Major General (Reichswehr)

Military person (Defence)

General Staff Officer (German Reich)

Victims of the Rohm Putsch

Bredow (noble)


Born in 1884

Died in 1934


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