First Allied Airborne Army

First Allied Airborne Army

First Allied Airborne Army

Summary: Since in the Battle of Crete German airborne troops achieved a major success, the Allies began to actively build their own airborne troops. First Allied Airborne Army is a famous Allied airborne troop, mainly involved in Western Europe after the Normandy landing operations. The army contains many very famous forces, such as the U.S. Eighty-second Airborne Division, the 101st Airborne Division and so on. It also has U.S. Army 17th Airborne Division, the British First and Sixth Airborne Divisions. The Department conducted large-scale airdrop operations in Operation Market Garden, it also participated in the Battle of the Bulge and Operation Varsity, contributing to the ultimate victory of the war in Western Europe.

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The first Allied Airborne Army (English First Allied Airborne Army) was from 1944 to 1945, part of the Allied forces in Northwest Europe under the command of the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force. It represents the largest grouping of airborne forces in history

History

Foundation

The first Allied Airborne Army was on the 2nd August 1944 set.  This was due to the experience of the airborne operations in Sicily and Normandy.  The aim of the joint High Command was a closer cooperation between airborne forces of the Army and the Air Force transport squadrons, and better coordination with other units of the Army, Air Force and Navy.  So how should the accidental shooting situations from 23 C-47, the paratroopers of the 82nd U.S. Airborne Division to reinforce the bridgehead flew to Sicily, are prevented by the Allied invasion fleet.  During the whole period of its existence was the first Allied Airborne Army by U.S. Lieutenant General Lewis H. Brereton commanded.  His deputy was the British Lieutenant-General Frederick Browning.

Operations

Prior to her founding of the first units have  Allied Airborne Army already taken part in the fighting in North Africa, Sicily, Italy and France.  The most important use was about the landing of the 82 and 101 U.S. Airborne Division and the 6th British Airborne Division during the night of 5 on the 6th June 1944 at the countryside of Normandy.  This was part of Operation Neptune, the formation of an Allied beachhead on the coast of Normandy.

The first and best known of the first operation Allied Airborne Army was Operation Market Garden, the first  British, the 82nd  and 101  U.S. Airborne Division and the 1st  Polish Parachute Brigade, the Netherlands bailed to secure the bridges over several rivers and canals.  About this bridge should the XXX.  Corps of the 2nd British Army to advance and at Arnhem Lower Rhine crossing.  The aim of the operation was to partially strongly fortified Siegfried Line and to avoid the crossing of the Rhine to prevent a closed German defense line along the river.  If the operation succeeded, the Allied forces were able to advance from their bridgehead at Arnhem in 1944 to Germany.

With the beginning of the German Ardennes offensive were the 17, 82 and 101 U.S. Airborne Division moved to ward off the offensive on the Ardennes front in Belgium and helped repel the German attack.  Fame in this case the 101 U.S. Airborne Division that the place Bastogne several days against superior German forces defended until the 4th of the 3rd Armored Division  U.S. Army General Patton was horrified.

The second and final flight of the first land operation  Allied Airborne Army was Operation Varsity .  On 23 March began with the Allied forces crossing the Rhine in the vicinity of Wesel. To ensure a fast break through the German defenses, landed the next morning, the 6th British and the 17th U.S. Airborne Division on the eastern side of the Rhine and fought – sometimes with heavy losses – the local German defenses down.

In the following weeks the British and American airborne units marched with troops on the ground in Germany.

Part of the formation

Subordination of the first Allied Airborne Army, 28  November 1944

The first  Allied Airborne Army included:

XVIII.  U.S. Airborne Corps  17th  U.S. Airborne Division

82nd  U.S. Airborne Division

101st  U.S. Airborne Division

13th  U.S. Airborne Division

1  British Airborne Corps  1  British Airborne Division

6  British Airborne Division

52nd  British Infantry Division (air-transportable)

Special Air Service Brigade

1  Polish Parachute Brigade

9  Troop command ( USAAF )

38th  Group Transport Command ( RAF )

46th  Group Transport Command (RAF)

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