German 60th Infantry Division

 

60th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

60th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 60th Infantry Division, 1940 60th Infantry Division (Motorized), since 1943 Panzer Grenadier Division Feldherrnhalle was a large military organization of the Armed Forces in the German Reich.

The 60th Infantry Division originated from the brigade Eberhardt, a unit of the National Police Danzig. In summer 1940 she was motorized and in August in 60th Infantry Division renamed (motorized). The III Btl. / IR 92 was on 17 3rd November 1941 Rifle battalion renamed, in the tradition of the Royal Prussian Reserve Rifle Battalion No. 27 of the First World War, it used Finnish symbols. The 60th ID (mot) was completely destroyed in Stalingrad. It was originally intended, the survivors into a newly formed 60th. Instead Panzer Grenadier Division was involve, the Panzer Grenadier Division Feldherrnhalle was formed in November 1944.

Division History

Areas of the 60th ID

  • Germany: September 1939 – May 1940
  • France: May-August 1940

Areas of the 60th ID (mot)

  • France: August 1940 – April 1941
  • Yugoslavia: April-November 1941
  • Eastern front, southern sector: November 1941 – October 1942
  • Stalingrad: October 1942 – February 1943

Applications Division Feldherrnhalle

  • France: June-October 1943
  • Eastern Front, Central Section: October 1943 – February 1944
  • Eastern Front, Northern Section: February-June 1944
  • Eastern front, central section: June-October 1944
  • Hungary: October-November 1944

On 15 October 1939, the division was inGdanskfrom the group Eberhardt (ring-fencedDanzig) and placed on 5 November e.g. by the Artillery Regiment-StaffV. 703, the light artillery battalions 741 and 750 and amplified by the Ordnance Department 761st The latter was established on 1 April 1940 renamed to Artillery Regiment 160th Since the 18th July 1940, the Division was motorized by tracked vehicles and thereby dissolved the Infantry Regiment 243rd

On 1 April 1942 the motorcyclists were – Battalion 160 and the Reconnaissance Battalion 160 became one with each other. On the same day the Army antiaircraft artillery division 282 of the Division was under the name IV (Flak) / Art.Reg. 160 fed.

The division was destroyed in January1943 inStalingrad.

The re-installation should, by 1 April 1943 was carried out, but until 8 May 1943 postponed. From the remains of the old division arose the division staff and the I. / Grenadier-Regiment 92, I. / Grenadier Regiment 120, 13./92, 14./120, staff and 1 Kompanie / Panzer Battalion 160, I. / Artillerie-Regiment 160, engineer battalion and company news.

Since the establishment of the Grenadier Regiment 92 on 9 April 1943, regardless of the division as army troops were the staff, I. Battalion and 13th Kompanie/92 inGrenadier Regiment 120 reclassified. At the 27th general Decreed in May 1943 renamed the 60th Panzer Grenadier Division was not consummated. Therefore, the division in Panzer Grenadier Division Feldherrnhalle was renamed.

Use at Stalingrad

The 60th Motorized Infantry Division was the XIV Panzer Corps of the 6th Army affiliated with General of Infantry Gustav Anton von Wietersheim and had the task of securing the left, the north wing between Don andVolga. After regrouping of the forces for the impending attack onStalingrad, in the north were also the 305th Infantry Division, the 76th Infantry Division, the 3rd Infantry Division (Motorized) and the 16th Panzer Division in the corridor of the two rivers deployed to first counterbalance the Guards Army and the 66th form Army of the Red Army. It had to be secured a 29-kilometer-wide strip south of Kotluban station to theVolga. Major General Otto Kohler man made around the village Borodkin the Tartar Wall to the village Kuzmichi defensive lines with the pioneer – and the Reconnaissance Battalion 60, the Machine Gun Battalion 9 Panzer Grenadier Regiment and the120 inthe east. The Panzer Grenadier Regiment 92 were divided, with some battalions were employed south of Orlovka.

During the Soviet Kotluban offensive by the 4th Panzer Army, the 24th Army, the 1st Guards Army and the 66th Army of 3 to 12 September1942 inthe north ofStalingradplayed the 60th ID (mot) play a central role. The wide-scale offensive of the Red Army artillery belt forces and the air force, not present at the capture ofStalingrad, and led to the 60th ID (mot) had to activate their reserves to prevent a breakthrough. On 5 September posted Kohlermann the Panzergrenadier Regiment 92 and parts of the Panzer Grenadier Regiment120 inthe northern Orlovka sector to enhance the Panzergrenadier Regiment 8 on hill 139.7 and Kuzmichi. On 10 September 1942, the Division had the hill 139.7 repeated massive attacks of the 1st Guards Army encounter. In Kotluban offensive 250,000 Red Army soldiers were used with 300 tanks and attacked in frontal attacks with Protect rows of the defense positions of the Wehrmacht. For the Red Army offensive was to heavy losses, they, however, led the attack onStalingradwas conducted rescheduled at a much larger delay and fewer resources than originally.

Throughout the battle of Stalingrad was the northern line in the Kotluban region one of the weaknesses of the 6th Army, however, managed to exert pressure on from here Gorokhow Group (124th SB, 149 SB and 282 SB NKVD). North of Stalingrad industrial complexes formed the Soviet Orlovka front projection that henceforth the advance of the LI. Army Corps threatened. Only the advance through the Stalingrad suburbs of 5 until 9 September reduced the risk of a break-in enemy in Don-Volga corridor for a while, although the three divisions deployed there is not more than 100 tanks were available.

The combat strength of the seven armored infantry battalions was on 14 September1942 inthe following condition: one in medium gauge (500-700 men) and six average (400-500), pioneer battalion also average (300-400).

Of 18 September to 2 October 1942 failed Andrei Jerjomenkos Second Kotluban offensive on the defensive by the 60th ID (mot), the 3rd ID (mot) and the 16th Panzer Division. The axis of its main attack was directed at the hill 139.7 Kuzmichi region and the resort Samofalowka. The breakthrough was made on the supposedly weakest point between the VIII Corps and XIV Panzer Corps.
The 24th Army was with about 34,000 soldiers, the 60th ID (mot) strike at the station564 km and move south of the railway line to Gorodischtsche. The defenses of the 76th ID and 60 ID (mot) with approximately 6000 soldiers consisted of a dense network of trenches, bunkers and firing positions, which could not be overcome. Despite a ratio of 6:1 in favor of the Red Army and some initial success, on 18 September 1942, the company failed. The 60th ID (mot) asserted itself on the hills 145.5 and 152.4, and a region that was on the German side called “Bolshoi trenches.” N waves of dive bombers and massed artillery fire destroyed the Soviet armored wedges. The fighting between the 18th and 19 September 1942 at the cost Kotluban-front about 36,000 Red Army soldiers life, reached a territorial gain of 20 square kilometers, and finally brought the station564 km in Soviet possession. Of the German units suffered the 76th ID at the front Kotluban the greatest losses in such a way that they by 113th ID had to be replaced.

Of 14 at 26 September fell the fighting strength of the battalions to six average (400-500 men) and a weak battalions (200-300 men) Engineer Battalion.
Major General Hans-Valentin Hube ordered on 27 September1942 a new attack of the 60th ID (mot) and 16 Panzer Division in company strength on the Orlovka front projection broke down quickly, however, so that by the 94th reinforcements ID and 389th ID placed in the north of Stalingrad be had. This was justified by the fact that the Red Army a permanent pressure on the defenses of the 6th Exercised in the army Kotluban region and that the fighting inStalingrad tied some much needed units that arrived after a substantial delay in the space of Orlovka.

Of 29 September to 3 October 1942 the real attack began on the Orlovka front bow, the 389th of the ID and 94 ID in the south, the group Stahel and the 60th ID (mot) from the West and from the 16th Panzer Division was carried out in the North. The 6500-strong units of the Red Army under Colonel KM Andriusenko were trapped along the river of the Orlova and should be destroyed on all sides. Before the attack, drew the 60th ID (mot) Starting positions on Hill 147.6 and would attack in battalion and company strength with the motorized infantry battalion of the 160th By the incessant attacks of the Red Army at Kotluban could only parts of lift forces for the Orlovka companies are provided.

On 29 September 1942 by 10 clock moved a task force of the 60th ID (mot) was supported in battalion strength of 15 tanks to the village Orlovka, but from the positions of the 115th Rifle Brigade of the Red Army halted, resulting in fierce battles and developed several days.
Craig describes the attack from the perspective of Lieutenant Heinrich Klotz, who led a group of veterans of World War I and initially refused to send his soldiers to the frontal attack without tank support against well-established Soviet positions. In the morning mist of the next day led to the division command block, despite expectations of a bloodbath out yet, while much of his company fell by artillery fire and bombing of misplaced own air force. Of the 120 soldiers in his group were 90th Despite local losses and setbacks to correct the Orlovka front arch was overall very successful.

The combat strength of the 60th ID (mot) decreased after the operation on 5 Orlovka October 1942 on four average (400-500 men), two weak (300-400 men) and a abgekämpftes, exhausted battalion with less than 300 men, the engineer battalion 160 was also in a severely depleted state with less than 200 men. During the major German attack on the tractor plant on 14 October 1942 was the 60th ID (mot) again with defense tasks in the region employs Kotluban, the Panzer Grenadier Regiment 92 took over the key defense in the village Kuzmichi. Eremenko and Rokossovsky postponed its planned for the end of October due to large-scale attack days of continuous rain.
In early November 1942, the 60th ID (mot) increased after a brief respite, but received no compensation for their destroyed tracked vehicles. Paul planned to the Division during the attack on 15 November 1942 at the chemical factory “Lazur” in the rail loop “tennis racket” east to use the Mamayev Kurgan s. This plan was rejected by Paul and Weichs again, as the forces of the 60th ID (mot), despite a slight gain for further offensive operations were no longer sufficient.

Structure

1940

  • Infantry Regiment 92
  • Infantry Regiment 243
  • Infantry Regiment 244
  • Artillery Regiment 160
  • Engineer Battalion 160
  • Motorized infantry battalion of 160
  • Reconnaissance Battalion 160
  • Infantry Divisions News-compartment 160
  • Infantry division leader replenishment 160

1942

  • Infantry Regiment (motorized) 92.
  • Infantry Regiment (motorized) 120
  • Motorized infantry battalion of 160
  • Reconnaissance Battalion 160
  • Artillery Regiment 160
  • Engineer Battalion 160
  • Infantry Divisions News-compartment 160

Battle order of the 60th ID (mot)

  • Management team
  • Map location (Motorised)
  • Motorcyclist-train

  IR (Motorised) 92.

  • News-train (Motorised)
  • Reconnaissance Company (mot)
  • Motorcyclist-train
  • Pioneer train

  I.-III. Each battalion

  • 3 motorized companies
  • 1 MG Company (mot)

  Infantry Gun Company (mot)

  light infantry column

  IR (Motorised) 120

  • News-train (Motorised)
  • Reconnaissance Company (mot)
  • Motorcyclist-train
  • Pioneer train

  I.-III. Each battalion

  • 3 motorized companies
  • 1 MG Company (mot)

  Infantry Gun Company (mot)

  light infantry column

  Tank Destroyer Battalion 160

  • News-train (Motorised)
  • 3 anti-tank companies (Motorised)
  • heavy machine gun company

  Motorized infantry battalion of 160

  • 3 companies
  • heavy machine gun company (Motorised)
  • Reconnaissance Company (mot)
  • Infantry gun-train (Motorised)
  • Panzerjäger-train (Motorised)
  • Pioneer train (Motorised)

  Reconnaissance Battalion 160

  • News-train (Motorised)
  • Armored car company
  • -Motorized infantry company
  • Heavy Reconnaissance Company
  • Panzerjäger-train
  • Pioneer train
  • Infantry gun-train

  Reconnaissance column (Motorised)

  AR 160

  • Support troops (motorized)
  • News-train
  • Weather-train

  I.-III. Department each

  • 1 Surveying Team (Motorised)
  • 1 Message train (Motorised)
  • 3 batteries (Motorised)

  News department 160

  • Telephone Company (mot)
  • Signal Company (mot)
  • light news column (Motorised)

  Engineer Battalion 160

  • 3 companies (Motorised)
  • Bridge column (Motorised)
  • lightweight pioneer column (Motorised)

  Infantry Divisions News-compartment 160

Awards

A total of 13 members of the 60th Award ID (mot) with the Knight’s Cross and37 inthe German Cross Gold.

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