German cruiser Admiral Hipper

German cruiser Admiral Hipper

German cruiser Admiral Hipper

The Admiral Hipper was a heavy cruiser and the lead ship of the Admiral Hipper class of the German Navy during World War II.
The cruiser was ordered as a cruiser and H was the second ship of its class. As the objective of the actual type of ship Blücher came to construction delays, the Admiral Hipper was the first ship of her class from the stack.

The ship was by Franz von Hipper, commander of the reconnaissance forces in the Battle of Jutland and later commander of the High Seas Fleet of the Imperial Navy named in the First World War.

History

Beginning of World War II

The Admiral Hipper was at the outbreak of war in the Baltic Sea for testing. Of 6 November 1939 to 12th January 1940 made by Blohm & Voss in Hamburg several conversions. The ship was awarded the Atlantic Steven oblique and a chimney cap. In February 1940, the Admiral Hipper took the battleship Scharnhorst and Gneisenau s a brief foray into the northernNorth Sea (company Nordmark).

Company Weserübung

When companies Weserübung the cruiser lead ship of Group 2, the Mountaineer should land in Trondheim. The destroyer Paul Jacobi, Theodor Riedel, Bruno and Friedrich Heinemann Eckholdt the Admiral Hipper took on 6 April1940 in Cuxhaven 1,200 men from Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 138 on board.

On the march to the north of the cruisers arrived on the morning of 8 April on the British destroyer HMS Glowworm. The Glowworm took up the unequal struggle, and has laid a smokescreen by the superior artillery of the Admiral Hipper repeatedly hit hard. She managed three torpedoes to shoot down Admiral Hipper, who met not. A final attempt was to ram the Admiral Hipper, the Admiral Hipper was damaged at the bow. The Glowworm came under the bow of the Admiral Hipper and the bow of the destroyer was separated from the bridge structure. The burning Glowworm drove for a few minutes next to the Admiral Hipper and then capsized. It exploded the boiler of the destroyer. Only 38 men survived, many of them with severe burns on leaked fuel oil. The commander of the Glowworm, Lieutenant Commander Gerard Roope, who went down with his ship, was awarded posthumously the first British soldier in World War II the Victoria Cross, the highest British decoration for bravery. This happened partly because of a report that Captain Hellmuth Heye, commander of the Admiral Hipper, via the Red Cross at the British Admiralty sent.

At dawn the next day landed the Group 2 their troops inTrondheim. On 10 April came the cruiser returned toWilhelmshaven, to have it repaired in the yard the damaged nose.

Juno Company

On 4 June 1940 was the Admiral Hipper made together with the two battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, and accompanied by the destroyer Hans Lody, Herman Schoeman, Erich Steinbrinck and Karl Galster, from the keel to the company Juno. From the fleet commander Admiral William Marshal commanded association should relieve the German troops in Narvik. On 8 June, the ships were at the height of Harstad. Here they met with the withdrawal of British troops from Northern Norway. The Admiral Hipper could sink the destroyers with their U-hunters HMT Juniper, the large tanker Oil Pioneer and the troopship HMT Orama. After that separated the German federation. The Admiral Hipper was running with the destroyers to Trondheim. Scharnhorst and Gneisenau were in the said sea area where they could finally put to sink the aircraft carrier HMS Glorious and its accompanying destroyer HMS and HMS Ardent and Acasta.

Already on 20 June should expire Admiral Hipper with the Gneisenau again to disrupt the British withdrawal movements. This time led Vice Admiral Günther Lütjens the association. This mission ended early as output from Trondheim Fjord, where the Gneisenau was torpedoed by the British submarine HMS Clyde. Both ships then returned toTrondheim.

On 25 July, the Admiral Hipper ran to the trade war in the North Sea, while the Gneisenau returned to Germany. On 1 August could be applied as a Finnish freighter pinch. In the coming days the cruiser operated unsuccessfully in the Barents Sea. Finally, the Admiral Hipper was again ordered home. After a fuel transfer from the tanker Dithmarschen we returned toWilhelmshaven, where the ship on 10th August went into the yard.

Trade War in the Atlantic

In September 1940, the Admiral Hipper expire on trade war in the North Atlantic. Because of a major fire in the engine room had to turn the ship from Norway. On 30 November it could run out again. Unmolested the Denmark Strait was happening and reached the Atlantic. After two acquisitions fuel from the tanker Friedrich Brehme the Admiral Hipper came on the morning of 25 December, north of the Azores. On the convoy WS-5A Contrary to expectations, the convoy was heavily backed by an aircraft carrier, one heavy and two light cruisers. There was a brief skirmish with the heavy cruiser HMS Berwick, who got three hits. After technical problems were encountered and the British escorts wanted to take the Admiral Hipper in a pincer movement, ran them off quickly. En route to the French base Brest was still the British steamer Jumna, a single driver to be sunk.

On 1 February 1941 ran from the Admiral Hipper of Brest for the second Atlantic company. On 11 February, it was one of the convoy SLS-64 abgekommener freighters sunk. The next day, the cruiser struck the convoy consisting of 18 ships and seven of them could sink with more than 32,000 tons. On 14 February, the Admiral Hipper was returned to Brest. The British air raids increased. The Admiral Hipper had remained so far been spared a lot of luck of hits. Therefore, the Admiralty decided to bring the ship to return to their homeland. On 15 March left the cruiserBrest. After a fuel supplement in the North Atlantic it happened again unscathed theDenmark Strait and reached 28 March keel. The next few months passed the ship in the shipyard.

Operations in the North Sea 1942

In March 1942, the Admiral Hipper went back to Norway. After some time spent in Trondheim fjord she ran on 2 July with the battleship Tirpitz and some destroyers (Combat Group 1 under Admiral Otto Schniewind) from the company Rösselsprung. This was an attack on the convoy PQ Nordmeergeleitzug 17th In Altafjord joined the battle group 2 (Vice Admiral Oskar Kummetz) to do so. It consisted of the heavy cruisers Admiral Scheer and Lutzow. On 5 July both groups took course on the convoy. The same evening, the operation was canceled. Submarines and aircraft had the PQ-17 already being attacked so fiercely that the ships scattered. A day later, the Admiral Hipper was anchored in the bay bow at Narvik. On 13 September, the cruiser moved back into the Alta fjord.

Between 24 and 28 September 1942, a mining operation in theBarents Seatook place (company Zarin). Before the island of Novaya Zemlya 96 mines were laid. In November, the company hopes followed by a fruitless attempt against Soviet shipping in theArctic.

Company rainbow

On 30 December 1942, the Admiral Hipper went along with the Lützow and eight destroyers to companies rainbow. The commanded by Vice Admiral Oskar Kummetz battle group should the convoy JW-51B attack near Bear Island. On the morning of the next day, the Admiral Hipper draw with the four destroyers allocated to it from the north, the British convoy security in coming. At the same time, the Lützow attack with their destroyers, freighters from the south. Failed because of poor visibility of the pincer attack. Unexpectedly, the Admiral Hipper by an unknown remote backup of the convoy north of here was shot at. She received three hits through 6-inch shells from the light cruiser HMS Sheffield. This was the boiler room from 3. A short time later, the destroyer was sunk by the Friedrich Eckholdt Sheffield, which had been mistaken for the Admiral Hipper. Admiral Kummetz could cancel the operation and led his ships back in the Alta fjord. The Admiral Hipper was sunk in the battle, the destroyer HMS Achates and the minesweeper HMS Bramble.

The period 1943-1945

On 7 February 1943 turned the ship back to Kiel. On 28 February, it was put out of service in Wilhelmshaven. Due to the increasing intensity of Allied air raids, the Admiral Hipper was towed in April to Pillau. In March 1944, the ship in Gdynia for training new recruits were put back into service. Longer stays and shipyard sea trials followed. On 30 January 1945 was the Admiral Hipper about 1,500 refugees on board and brought them to the user. At the German plants should now finally the boiler room 3 to be repaired. It happened to the ship, the Wilhelm Gustloff, a few minutes after it was hit by three Soviet torpedoes. Although it was on board everything ready for the reception of castaways, because an incoming submarine warning Admiral Hipper had to leave the scene of the accident, however, upon arrival empty-handed.  In April, the ship was in two air raids and bombs was no longer operational. On 3 May 1945, the heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper was blown up in the dock.

The ship was later sealed by the British, then towed into the bay and there Heikendorfer set against the light cruiser Emden aground. The dismantling was in 1946. The ship’s bell is located in the Naval Memorial at Laboe.

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