Granatieri di Sardegna Mechanized Brigade

The Granatieri di Sardegna (German: “Grenadiers of Sardinia”) are a Guard troops of the Italian Army. Its origins lie in a 1659 set up in Turin Guard Regiment, which consisted of Grenadier s in 1815, and in 1744 in Sardinia excavated regiment. The two organizations were merged in 1852 as a Private in the infantry regiments of the brigade with its own numbering Granatieri di Sardegna. The brigade headquarters is located in Rome today.

Assignment

The brigade is under the regional leadership Come Mando COMFOD 2 in San Giorgio a Cremano and takes over security duties mainly in central Italy. If necessary, they can be reinforced by units of the army schools located near Rome. Made up of volunteers with predominantly short time commitment regiments of the brigade to be used in the context of (relatively simple) peace missions abroad. In Rome, which takes 1 Regiment of Granatieri di Sardegna with the Lancieri Montebello and other units tasks that match those of a guard regiment s.

Structure

• Staff and Versorgungsverband Granatieri di Sardegna (Rome)

• 1 Grenadier Regiment (Rome)

• 8 Cavalry Regiment Lancieri Montebello (Rome)

• (33 Panzer Artillery Regiment Acqui) (L’Aquila)

Basically, all the regiments of the brigade battalion have sstärke. The second Grenadier Regiment in Spoleto no longer exists as such. Two remaining companies were there (as the 2nd Infantry Battalion Cengio) of 1 Grenadier Regiment adopted. The cavalry regiment Lancieri Montebello currently has the only Italian regiment of its kind next to an armored reconnaissance battalion level bandage on a mounted Association of protocol ceremonies, traditions and spflege riding. For this reason, it is also subject to the hippodrome in Rome’s Tor di Quinto, which is also used by a mounted Carabinieri Regiment (4).

The brigade headquarters will be closed till 2016. The 33 Artillery regiment was used in 2013 to set up a new Airborne Artillery Regiment Folgore Parachute Brigade. The regiment Lancieri Montebello in 2016 to go to the Infantry Brigade Pinerolo, the remaining 1 Then Grendierregiment the Infantry School in Cesano (Rome) are assumed

Textile Finishing

The first Grenadier Regiment was converted from chain on wheeled vehicles, the cavalry regiment has Centauro wheeled tank type. The artillery regiment was recently equipped with howitzers type M109L.

The Granatieri di Sardegna wearing the only military unit of the Italian Army bearskin n the parade uniform which Lancieri Montebello low black fur hats. Bearskin hats are in Italy and other countries traditionally reserved to the Grenadier Guards or the Guard troops.

History

Of the two grenadier regiments was the 1st on 18 April 1659 in Turin set up as guards regiment of the Dukes of Savoy. Although it in the Italian line infantry regiments Piedmontese origin is even older (11th and 12th Infantry Regiment Casale, founded in 1619), this regiment military precedence over all other Italian regiments. The second Regiment has its origins in Sardinia. As the House of Savoy in Turin retired to his estate Sardinia during the Napoleonic occupation of Italy, the regiment took the watch-keeping duties. The two after 1814 Grenadier Guards or Guard fighter regiments associations were later converted into an Infantry Brigade in 1852 and named after the official name of the country dominated by the House of Savoy, the Kingdom of Sardinia. After the unification of Italy in 1861 three more infantry brigades were temporarily placed, but then soon transferred to the infantry of the line. In East Africa, there still were until 1941 the brigade Granatieri di Savoia. Since it had been abolished in Italy in 1919, the brigade level, the two grenadier regiments went to the 21 Division in Rome, in 1934 the name was Granatieri di Sardegna and by 1939 a third Grenadier Regiment led, which was then given to another major unit in the Balkans. From 1948 to 1976, a turn based in Rome and central Italy Division had the name “Granatieri di Sardegna”, but, aside from 1 Bersaglieri – and the 17th Infantry Regiment Acqui (and support army units), only the first reactivated Grenadier Regiment was under. With the army reform of 1975 was led instead of the structured into divisions, regiments mixed brigades, including the mechanized brigade Granatieri di Sardegna with three Grenadier battalions (1 Assietta, 2 Cengio Guardie 3) and 1 Bersaglieri La Marmora, and a tank battalion, an artillery battalion and one Logistics. 1992 these battalions took back the term “regiment” to. In the years that has been entrusted with the training tasks 3 Grenadier Regiment disbanded, the first Made to the Bersaglieri Bersaglieri Regiment Brigade Garibaldi in southern Italy and the armored regiment replaced by the cavalry regiment Lancieri Montebello.

The Granatieri di Sardegna have participated in numerous battles and engagements since 1659th During the War of the Austrian Succession, the first recorded Grenadier Regiment (then “Guards Regiment”) on 19 July 1747 in the battle of Colle dell’Assietta especially from. At that time a French attack on Piedmont could be successfully defended in the Western Alps. In the 19th Century, the brigade took part in the Italian wars of unification. In the battle of Goito (30 May 1848), the Duke of Savoy took over at a critical moment in command of the Guard Grenadiers, saying a me le guardie! (“I’m the Guard!”), Which can be seen today as the motto on the regimental crest. In World War I the infantry defended during the Austria-Hungarian Spring Offensive of 1916 Monte Cengio (seven communities), where they ran out of ammunition. Instead of surrendering, the Grenadiers fought more with rocks and bare arms and rushed in some cases in close combat with their opponents, the walls of Monte Cengio down. This use is considered together with the Assiettaschlacht as a high point in the history of the grenadiers. During the Second World War, the division was used among other things in the Balkans. In the spring of 1943, she returned to Rome. After 8 September 1943 the armistice between Italy and the Allies took effect and then the German troops in Rome were ordered to disarm the Italian associations, there were violent clashes between associations of the Wehrmacht and the Italian troops under orders against their disarmament to Weir added. The Granatieri di Sardegna fought here among other things with the cavalry regiment Lancieri Montebello in the southwest of Rome, especially on the Via Ostiense, where the initial successes nullified mainly due to the escape of the military leadership and the government, but also because of the resignation of other associations were. 1944 took the two grenadiers again established in Sardinia Grenadier regiments within the Infantry Division Friuli (for their infantry regiments of two grenadier battalions were asked) in part on the Allied side in the liberation war on the Italian mainland and s were involved in the capture of Bologna.

During the Cold War, the Granatieri di Sardegna were again stationed in central Italy. As part of a strategic reserve but they were also intended for use in Northeast Italy. In recent years, the brigade has taken more territorial reserve functions in addition to their traditional wax and representation tasks.

Since 2006, both the brigade staff and the Granatieri di Sardegna been used several times as part of the KFOR in Kosovo, smaller units in Lebanon and Afghanistan.

Fair

On 10 July 1744 raised Don Bernardino Antonio Genovese, Duca di San Pietro, at its own expense in Cagliari in Sardinia, a regiment from which later on the island to “Guard Infantry Regiment” in 1852 and then (indirectly) to the second Was Grenadier Regiment. The son of the Duke of San Pietro, Don Alberto Genovese, gave the regiment in 1776, the considerable sum of 120,000 lire Piedmont and put it in writing, among other things stated that from the proceeds of his death is always a Holy Mass to celebrate for him. To date, this fair will take place on (or around) 18 Held in February each year, with the grenadiers before marching on the Piazza della Repubblica in parade uniform of the Roman Castro Pretorio the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli. It is the regimental holiday, on which also the Fallen is intended.

Museum

The Granatieri di Sardegna have a museum in Rome. It is located next to the Infantry Museum at Piazza Santa Croce in Gerusalemme 7, near the pilgrimage church of the same. In 15 exhibition halls the history of Italian grenadiers of 1659 will be presented today.

Military United Association (Italy)

Infantry Association (Italy)

Army (Italy)

Piedmont-Sardinia

Military Association (Guard)

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