Grand Council of Fascism

Palazzo Venezia, Rome

Palazzo Venezia, Rome

The Fascist Grand Council (Italian: Gran Consiglio del Fascismo) was installed on January 12, 1923 by the fascist government of Benito Mussolini supreme governing body of the Partito Nazionale Fascista (PNF). The Fascist Grand Council was intended to counterbalance the many aspiring party autonomy to departments. The members of the Fascist Grand Council were divided into two groups: the members who sat for life (the ‘quartet’) and those who were sitting under a party or state function for the duration of their term of office.

Mussolini (lifetime member) was president of the Fascist Grand Council. The decisions were taken at a meeting were only advisory, not binding. Mussolini had the right to dismiss members of the board and replace.

July 24, 1943

Beginning in July 1943 Italy wrong in crisis. The Allies marched on to Sicily to occupy. Some members of the fascist government (including Count Dino Grandi, Count Galeazzo Ciano, Federzoni Luigi, Giuseppe Bottai, etc.) realized that Italy would eventually dig. Gets the worst In their eyes, there was only one solution: Italy away from the war. Count Ciano, Mussolini’s son tried in vain to convince them to move to break and close with the Allies. Peace with Germany him his father Other “moderate” fascist government members and soldiers tried (unsuccessfully) the same. When this had led to nothing came Count Grandi with the plan to have come to serve to move to give the command to the king (Victor Emmanuel III) back and a part of him a motion against the duce in meeting the Fascist Grand Council be transferred to the fascist government its dictatorial power. Through the fascist party secretary Carlo Scorza Mussolini was informed of Grandi’s plans to meet. Fascist Grand Council

The duce agreed to a meeting, and on 24 July 1943, the Council met. They were the graves Ciano and Grandi those bright leather pulled against Mussolini and his war. Grandi finally managed to gather the members of the Council to serve. A motion enough signatures during the break This so-called “motion Grandi” was 19 votes in favor, 8 against and one abstention and a rejection of the motion (Roberto Farinacci) adopted. Mussolini regarded the motion as advice (Grandi also considered the motion itself as advice) and laid it down beside him.

In the eve of July 25, 1943 Mussolini brought his usual weekly visit to King Victor Emanuel III, which, however, “for security reasons” had arrested him. The king thereupon Marshal Pietro Badoglio as Prime Minister, without involvement. Fascists other In this way, there came an end to the fascist government of Mussolini over Italy. (Later the duce be freed by the Germans and president of a republic founded by the Germans puppets in northern Italy, without being able to exercise. However some influence)

After the fall of fascism also brought an end to the Fascist Grand Council.

List of members of the Fascist Grand Council at its meeting on July 24, 1943

The people with (*) after their name have voted for the motion of Grandi. NB. Roberto Farinacci filed a motion in itself, which was aimed to further strengthen its cooperation with the Germans. Giacomo Suardo abstained from the vote.

Dino Grandi (*)

Giuseppe Bottai (*)

Luigi Federzoni (*)

Galeazzo Ciano (*)

•Cesare Maria de Vecchi (*)

•Alfredo de Marsico (*)

•Umberto Albini (*)

Giacomo Acerbo (*)

•Dino Alfieri (*)

Giovanni Marinelli (*)

•Carluccio Pareschi (*)

•Emilio de Bono (*)

•Edmondo Rossoni (*)

•Giuseppe Bastianini (*)

•Annio Bignardi (*)

•Alberto de Stefani (*)

•Luciano Gottardi (*)

•Giovanni Balella (*)

•Tullio Cianetti (*) – raised his voice the next day in

•Carlo Scorza

•Guido Guidi Buffarini-

•Enzo Galbiati

•Carlo Biggini

•Gaetano Polverelli

•Antonio Casa Nuovo Tringali-

•Ettore Frattari

•Giacomo Suardo

•Roberto Farinacci

During a fascist show trial were Galeazzo Ciano, Carluccio Parechi, Emilio de Bono and Luciano Gottardi and Tullio Cianetti – by Mussolini’s fascists and Germans were arrested – sentenced to death and as “traitors” executed.

Fascism in Italy

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