Gustav Heistermann von Ziehlberg

Gustav Adolf Dietrich Heisterman of Ziehlberg (born 10 December 1898 in Hohensalza, † February 2nd 1945 in Berlin-Spandau) was a German officer, Lieutenant General and last resistance fighters of the 20th July 1944.


Gustav Heisterman of Ziehlberg was the son of an officer. In Brown Mountain (Lyceum Hosianum) and Königsberg in 1908 he went to high school. He then attended the military school and became effective on 10 August 1914 after the outbreak of the First World War in the Grenadier Regiment “King Friedrich Wilhelm IV”(1 Pomeranian) No 2 in Szczecin one. To lieutenant on 8 Transported in May 1915, he was employed as a company commander and battalion adjutant on the Eastern Front. He received the Iron Cross II and awarded First Class.

After the war Heisterman was used by Ziehlberg to March 1919, Border Patrol East. It was followed by the acquisition of the Reichswehr and the use of the 5th (Prussian) Infantry Regiment. Subsequently, he worked primarily in the General Staff, from 1939 to 1942 in the Central Division of the General Staff of the Army, most recently as head of that department. In January 1943 he was given command of the Grenadier Regiment 48, which was used on the Eastern Front. This was followed in May 1943 as commander of the use of the 65th Infantry Division and in August was promoted to Major General. In November 1943 Heisterman was severely wounded by Ziehlberg in Italy, his left arm had to be amputated. But half a year later, he took over as commander of the 28th Hunter Division on the Eastern Front. On 1 June 1944 he was promoted to lieutenant general and on 27 July 1944 the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross excellent.

On 27 July 1944 was Heisterman of Ziehlberg presented the written command, Major Joachim Kuhn, First General Staff Officer (Ia), its division, immediately to arrest and bring to leave under escort to the central prison in Berlin. Ziehlberg Kuhn gave the letter to read and asked this after a possible involvement in the assassination attempt on Hitler of 20 July 1944, what Kuhn said no. Then he ordered the stores to the new Kuhn first general staff officer to give and to get ready to march. Kuhn used the unexecuted arrest and ran over to Soviet troops.

Because of his behavior was Heisterman of Ziehlberg on 2 Sentenced in October by the Reich Court on charges of “negligent disobedience” to nine months in prison, which was suspended on “probation order” in the old office. By the end of October, he still commanded his division. The following command of the XXVII. Army Corps was briefly because it already on 30 October was provided by the High Command of the Army. On 1 November Hitler lifted the judgment of the Reich Military Court on 19 November warrant was issued.

After a rehearing, the Reich Military Court sentenced him on 21 November 1944 “for disobedience in the field of death and loss of eligibility for military service.”

Noteworthy are the words of the presiding judge of General Staff Judge Dr. Schmauser at the end of the process: “The court could understand his actions, the court also see a no ehrenrüchiges action there had been” but that “so sorry it did all of the leaders and supreme warlord was the representative of the prosecution and the have recognized on the death penalty by hanging, however, unfortunately, was nothing to be done, the Court must agree with this judgment.”

On 2 February 1945 Heisterman was shot by Ziehlberg in Berlin-Spandau in the Wehrmacht execution site Ruhleben (Murellenberge).

After evaluation of documentary material and witness reports, was only long clear after the war that Ziehlbergs cooperation with General Beck during their time together in the high command of the army was the true burden on Ziehlberg and the incident with Major iG Kuhn was used as a welcome opportunity.

Gustav Heisterman of Ziehlberg was married in 1928 with Anneliese Tschischewitz and had with her four daughters and a son.


•Bengt of the Mills (ed.): The defendants in the 20 July before the People’s Court. Chronos Film GmbH, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-931054-06-3

Military person (Prussia)

Military person (army of the German Empire)

Person in the First World War (German Reich)

Captain (Reichswehr)

Lt. General (Army of the Wehrmacht)

Winner of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross

General Staff Officer (German Reich)

Person (assassination attempt of July 20, 1944)

Victims of Nazi military justice

Executed man person (Nazi victims)


Born in 1898

Died in 1945


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