Heinz Reinefarth

Heinz Reinefarth, better known by the name of Heinz Reinefarth (born 26 December 1903 in Gniezno, then Prussia, † May 7, 1979 in Westerland, Sylt) was a German jurist, SS-group leader, Major General of the Waffen-SS and Police, as well as Member of Parliament and mayor in the postwar period.

Life

Reinefarth 1922, son of Judge put it, from a high school in 1923 and was a member of the Freikorps Oberland. He studied law in Jena and worked as a judge after graduation. In 1932 he became a member of the NSDAP (Mitgliedsnr. 1268933) and the SS (SS-Nr. 56,634). Between 1932 and 1939 he worked as an attorney and notary. From his 1932 marriage two children were born closed.

World War II

In the Polish campaign Reinefarth was drafted as a sergeant in the Army Reserve for. During the Western campaign against France it was as a platoon leader of the 14th Company of Infantry Regiment 337 was awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. In mid-1942 he was unfit for military service due to severe, suffered during the Russian campaign frostbite. He left the army with the rank of lieutenant and was working as inspector general of the administration in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia from June 1942 to mid-1943. After spending a year in the main Order Police, he was appointed in April 1944 to the Higher SS and Police Leader Warta. In this capacity he commanded twelve police companies in the suppression of the Warsaw Uprising of the Polish Home Army (Armia Krajowa) from August to October 1944. Its units were marked by extreme brutality and brutality. Again and again the next mass murder, in which more than 100,000 Polish civilians were killed, also en mass rape and other excesses, particularly by members of the SS units of the SS Dirlewanger Brigade and the 29th Storm Waffen Grenadier Division Rona, where often the victims were minors and children (Massacre of Wola). For his actions in Warsaw, the Nazi regime Reinefarth recorded on 30 September 1944 with the Oak Leaves to the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross.

On 2 February 1945 Hitler appointed him to the commandant of the city Kuestrin on the Oder, which was captured by Soviet heavy bombing in March of the Soviet Army. In the fighting around the fortress Kuestrin fell about 5,000 German and 6,000 Soviet soldiers. Reinefarth sat on his SS officers and was sentenced to death for cowardice. The sentence was not carried out because of the critical situation at the front, and Reinefarth succeeded to surrender to an army group on the western front side of the Elbe to the British.

At the end of the Second World War he held the rank of SS-group leader and lieutenant general of police.

Postwar

After the capitulation of the Wehrmacht Reinefarth was in British captivity, but escaped a trial for the crimes of his units or delivery to Poland, leaving him free because a Hamburg court for lack of evidence.

From December 1951 to 1964 he was mayor of the town of Westerland on the North Sea island of Sylt and in 1958 for the GB / BHE in Schleswig-Holstein, he elected parliament. After his forced through investigations by the public prosecutor for war crimes withdrawal from politics Reinefarth was working as a lawyer in Westerland from in 1967. The investigations against him were discontinued without charge. Reinefarth died on 7 May 1979 on Sylt.

Other functions:

•District Assembly and member of the County Committee Südtondern

•Member of the executive committee of the GB / BHE

•Board member of the labor Law Association and Tourist Association Nordmark

•Chairman of the Local Committee of the German Society of Sylt Maritime Search and Rescue and the DLRG Westerland.

Awards:

•1939: Iron Cross Class

•1940 Iron Cross, First Class

•1940 Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross

•30th September 1944: Oak Leaves to the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross

Literature

•Philipp Marti: The two careers of Heinz Reinefarth.From the “butcher of Warsaw” to the mayor of Westerland. In: Democratic History 22, Malente 2011, pp. 167-192.

•Ruth Bettina Birn: The Higher SS and Police Leader.Himmler’s representative in the Reich and in the occupied territories, Droste Verlag, Dusseldorf, 1986, ISBN 3-7700-0710-7.

•Klaus chicken, Annelie Thorndike: The mass murderers remained unpunished, Eastern edition, Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-360-02005-5. (Spotless Series, 211)

•Stefan Klemp, “Not found”.Police battalions and the postwar justice. 2 Pad, plain text Verlag, Essen 2011, ISBN 978-3-8375-0663-1, 459 pp.

Film

•Annelie and Andrew Thorndike: holiday on Sylt. DEFA Studio for newsreel and documentary, 1957

Richter (German history)

Notary

Lawyer in the police administration

Member of the Waffen-SS

SS and Police Leader

Person (Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia)

Person (German occupation of Poland 1939-1945)

Person (Warsaw)

Person in the Warsaw Uprising (Germany)

NSDAP member

Winner of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross

Mayor (Schleswig-Holstein)

GB / BHE Member

Member of Parliament (Schleswig-Holstein)

Lawyer (Germany)

Freikorps member

Born 1903

Died in 1979

MAN

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