HMS Ashanti (F51)

HMS Ashanti – British destroyer of World War II, a tribal, in the service of the Royal Navy in the years 1938-1949. He wore signs Tactical F51, G51. During the war he served in the Norwegian campaign, the Atlantic, the Arctic and the Mediterranean.

The course of the service received eight awards battle (battle honors): Norway, 1940, Atlantic 1940, 1942 Malta convoys, North Africa from 1942 to 1944, the Arctic from 1942 to 1943, the English Channel from 1942 to 1943, landing in Normandy in 1944, the Bay of Biscay in 1944.

Building

She ordered June 19, 1936 and the keel was laid Nov. 23, 1936 in William Denny shipyard at Dumbarton in Scotland. Hull launched on November 5, 1937, and the ship was commissioned in the Royal Navy December 21, 1938 as the first British warship bearing the name of the African people of Ashanti. The cost of construction, without weapons and communications equipment, amounted to 340,770 pounds each.

Service at a glance

“Ashanti” after entering the service was part of the second Tribal Destroyer Flotilla Fleet Metropolis (Home Fleet), soon renamed the 6th Flotilla. February 27, 1939 paid a visit to Takoradi in Ghana, where the ceremonial established contacts with the elders of the people of the ship Ashanti. He returned by the Gibraltar to Britain. June 1 “Ashanti” participated in a fruitless search for the missing submarine HMS “Thetis”.

The War and the Norwegian campaign in 1940

After the outbreak of World War II, from September to October 1939 “Ashanti” underwent renovation (defects removed turbines). In the first period of the war mainly patrolled the North Sea and the Atlantic, and work with the forces of the main fleet.

“Ashanti” took part on April 7, 1940 in the Norwegian campaign in the composition of the main forces adm. Forbes, searching unsuccessfully German ships, and patrolling in the area of ​​Bergen-Trondheim and escorting convoys. April 28 was damaged by German air force in Trondheim, close to the underwater explosion of a bomb, the result of which has been de-energized. He returned to the UK for repairs in Dundee, to May 23. Changed the tactical question of the G51 F51. June 7 still shrouded evacuation convoys from Norway.

On the night of 13/14 October, “Ashanti” and the destroyers HMS “Cossack” (Capt. Vian) “Maori” and “Sikh”, attacked the German convoy in the area of Egersund u Only embedded network stawiacz “Genoa”, later raised by the Germans (not managed to sink a ship convoy).

October 16, 1940, during an operation in the Tyne estuary designed to detonate any magnetic mines before leaving the battleship HMS “King George V” at high speed, has been severely damaged due to a collision with the destroyer HMS “Fame” and then running aground. She was removed from the shallows until November 1 after the dismantling of the equipment. Builders in Swan Hunter shipyard in Wallsend lasted until August 1941. During the renovation work was replaced with 2 120 mm in the aft position X by 102 mm anti-aircraft guns (like the other ships of this type), and made other minor changes. Also mounted artillery radar Type 285 and Type aircraft radar detection 286m. Despite the renovation, she had until the end of the service problems with gym. In August, “Ashanti” returned to service in the sixth Flotilla, composed of the Home Fleet (a significant part of the crew went to the sister of a sunken destroyer HMS “Mashona”).

North Sea and the Arctic Convoys 1941-1942

From 22 to 30 December 1941 in the band “Z” cadmium. L. Hamilton took part in the second commando raid on the Lofoten Islands (Operation anklet), along with other ships of the British and Polish. Then sank the German trawler – patrol “Geier,” which first captured documents.

At the beginning of March 1942 “Ashanti” took part in a strong band enclosing the Soviet Arctic convoy PQ-12 and QP-8 return (including the battleships HMS “King George V”, “Duke of York” and the cruiser HMS linear “Renown “and the aircraft carrier HMS” Victorious “).

16-30 May 1941 took part in escorting a convoy PQ-16 to Murmansk and (including the Polish destroyer ORP Garland), fighting out of aviation (shot down two planes). May 19 was unsuccessfully attacked by the submarine U-591. From June 26 to July 4 at the initial stage shrouded convoy PQ-17 (later corrected and wrecked by the Germans) and re-QP-13.

Mediterranean Sea and the Arctic Convoys 1942-1943

Since the beginning of August, “Ashanti” was sent to the Mediterranean, in order to cover a large supply of commutation operations Pedestal for Malta. In the band X, immediately escort the convoy, he took part in intense battles with the German and Italian air force and submarines on 11-13 August. Once destroyed, the flagship cruiser HMS “Nigeria” in the evening on August 12, “Ashanti” was the flagship of the escort force commander cadmium. Harold Burrough. He returned with the rest of the escort through the waters of Gibraltar metropolis, to Scapa Flow.

From September 9 escorting convoy PQ-18 Arctic (with the cruiser HMS “Scylla” and 15 destroyers), fighting out of aviation and submarines, and then from September 17 return convoy QP-14. From September 21 towed twin destroyer HMS “Somaliland” damaged by a torpedo from U-703, which, however, later sank on September 24.

In November 1942, “Ashanti” has been moved to the Mediterranean, Gibraltar, in the Team H. November 8 shrouded landing in the region of Algiers in North Africa (Operation Torch). From February 1943 was part of a team-based Q Bon, to control supply convoys to Africa.

From July to September 1943 for repairs in London, was then a new pole of truss construction of a new air surveillance radar (Type 291?) and further grounds 20 mm.

From the end of November 1943 was a distant Arctic convoy escort and return JW54B RA54B, then from mid-December, she escorted a convoy JW55B and return RA55A.

English Channel and Bay of Biscay 1944

In February 1944 was assigned to the 10th Destroyer Flotilla in Plymouth, including together with the Polish destroyers OORP “Lightning” and “Thunderball”). He worked on the Channel Tunnel, fighting German shipping

Tunnel under the operation and shielding mining. April 24 took part in the battle with HMS “Black Prince”, HMCS “Athabaskan” HMCS “Haida” and HMCS “Huron” with German torpedowcami T 24, T 27 and T 29, T 29 completed flooding and other damage. On the way back “Ashanti” was damaged in a collision with the “Huron”. After the renovation May 27 back in the 19th Squadron 10 Flotilla (HMS “Tartar” HMCS “Haida” and “Huron”) and in June 1944 he took part in the cover landings in Normandy. June 9, 1944 he took an active part in the battle near the island of Ushant (Ouessant) with German destroyers, ending sinking two of them. At night on June 14 with the ORP “Lightning” fighting against German minesweepers M 343, M 412, M 422, M 432, M 442, M 452 near the island of Jersey, with the result that sealed M 343 and damaged several others, including M 452 seriously.

In July and August, patrolling in the Bay of Biscay and August 5 in combat with a German convoy north of Ile d’Yeu (HMS “Tartar”, “Haida”, “Iroquois” and the cruiser HMS “Bellona”) culminating in the sinking of minesweepers M -263 and M-486 V-414 patrol boat and “Otto”.

From October 1944 to July 1945 was renovated and modernized in Palmer’s shipyard in Hebburn. Soon after the renovation, however, due to the end of the war with Japan, August 21, 1945 “Ashanti” was withdrawn into reserve B.

In 1947, she struck from the Navy list and after a period of use as a target ship was sold for scrap to the West of Scotland Shipbreakers in Troon, where he arrived April 12, 1948.

Data

A detailed description and specifications in the article type destroyers Tribal (1936)

Armament

1939-1940:

•8 guns 120 mm (4.7in) QF Mk XII on double bases CP Mk XIX, sheltered masks (4xII)◦Barrel length: L/45 (45 caliber), range 15 520 m maximum elevation angle 40 °, bullet weight 22.7 kg, ammunition 300 rounds per gun (including 50 illumination)

•4 automatic antiaircraft 40 mm Vickers Mk VIII pom-pom, quad-coupled from Mk VII (1xIV)

◦Barrel length: L/39, range effective at 3475 m, 1555 m vertical elevation angle 80 °, bullet weight 0.907 kg,

•8 wkm plot 12.7 mm Vickers Mk III, coupled quad (2xIV)

•Four 533 mm torpedo tubes QR Mk IX (1xIV) (4 torpedoes Mk IX)

•1 chute (3 bombs) and two depth charge throwers (20 depth charges)

1941-1949

•6 Department of 120mm (4.7in) QF Mk XII on double bases CP Mk XIX, sheltered masks (3xII)

•2 works universal 102 mm Mk XVI on the basis of double Mk XIX, covered mask (1xII)

◦Barrel length: L/45, range max 18 150 m, vertical 11 890 m elevation angle 80 °, bullet weight 15.88 kg

•4 automatic land plot of 40 mm Vickers Mk VIII pom-pom, quad-coupled from Mk VII (1xIV)

•2-10 automatic AA guns of 20 mm Oerlikon (2-6xI, from September 1943 5xII) (added on ships such Tribal gradually from about mid-1941) *

•8 wkm plot 12.7 mm Vickers (2xIV) (up to 1942, to be replaced by guns 20 mm) *•Four 533 mm torpedo tubes QR Mk IX (1xIV) (4 torpedoes Mk IX)

•1 chute (3 bombs) and two depth charge throwers (20-30 depth charges)

* – There are no specific data available publications, when and how “Ashanti” has received lots of 20 mm, and when disassembled wkm s 12.7 mm. Probably information about adding lots of 20 mm in September 1943refers to the installation of five double posts.

Equipment

•sonar Asdic

Artillery fire control system: the main rangefinder and fire control point Mk I, 3.6-meter instrument and the anti-aircraft fire control point Mk II (on the fore superstructure)

•radar surveillance aircraft type 286m (1941-1943)

•artillery radar Type 285 (from 1941)

•air surveillance radar Type 291 (?) (From September 1943)

•an offshore surveillance radar Type 293 (?) (From 1945)

British destroyers in World War II

Tribal destroyer (1936)

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