HMS Barham

HMS Barham

HMS Barham

This article is about a battleship of Royal Navy during World War II. It was involved in Battle of Dakar, Malta Convoys, Battle of Cape Matapan and so on.

HMS Barham was a battleship of the Royal Navy and belonged to the Queen Elizabeth class. The ship was on the John Brown & Company shipyard in Clydebank Scotland in 1913 and laid the keel of the third ship of that name by Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham named. The ship was taken during the First World War in service and was in the interwar period to modernize. The Barham sank during World War II after a torpedoed by a German U-boat, it could be the destruction captured on film.

Use history

First World War

During the First World War it was part of the British Grand Fleet stationed in the North Sea. From 1916 she served as the flagship of Admiral Hugh Evan-Thomas, of the 5th Battle Squadron commanded. In the Battle of Jutland, the Barham was part of the battle cruiser fleet of Admiral David Beatty, and received five hits. In return, they fired 337 shell to the German ships. On the ship, 23 men died during or shortly after the battle.

Between the wars

After the war, the Barham served as an active component of the British battle fleet. From 1931 to 1934, the ship has been thoroughly modernized. The Barham had a single chimney and its protection against naval artillery, torpedo and bomb was increased. Furthermore, modern anti-aircraft gun was mounted and an aircraft catapult. By converting the standard displacement, Barham had increased to 31 100t.

Second World War

During the Second World War, the Barham was used primarily in the Atlantic andMediterranean.

Collision with destroyer

On 12 N December 1939 the Barham of the three destroyers HMS Duchess, HMS Dainty and HMS Diana Malta escorted into local waters. In dense fog in the North Channel at the height of the Mull of Kintyre all the ships ran despite heavy fog because of the U-boat menace zig-zag course, while the Barham rammed in the haze of the destroyer Duchess, which broke this into two halves, and with 137 crew members decreased. There were only 23 survivors.

Torpedoed by U 30

On 28 December 1939, against 15.45 clock, it was the German submarine U-30 about 70 miles west of the Hebrides, reaching a torpedo hit on the port side of Barham, killing four crew members and some of the substructures of heavy turrets A and B filled with water let them go. The heavily damaged battleship, on returning from a joint security mission with the battle cruiser HMS Repulse and two destroyers, had until 30 June 1940 so at Cammell, Laird & Company will be repaired inBirkenhead.

Dakar and the Mediterranean

In September 1940, after the capitulation of France’s, it attacked the French battleship Richelieu, the Barham atDakar (Operation Menace), where she was hit by a 38-inch shell from the French ship in the bow and the fire of some moderate coastal batteries. The damage was limited, however, and the ship was ready. In return, however, had been the bombing of the British squadron would do very little. The British broke the operations toDakar from later unsuccessful.

Subsequently, the battleship moved to Gibraltar to Force H, and covered several convoys to Malta. In 1941, there was the Barham in theMediterranean and took part in March at the Battle of Cape Matapan. In May of that year it was used during the Battle of Crete and was given on 27 May a hit from a 250-kilogram bomb on their heavy artillery tower, Y, which caused a fire that could only be brought under control after two hours. This greatly damaged ship was repaired then provisionally inAlexandria, and later restored permanently inDurban by the end of August 1941. In September, the ship moved back into theMediterranean.

Downfall

When the Barham on 25 November 1941 under Captain Geoffrey Clement Cooke of the Egyptian port of Sollum other two battleships and eight destroyers hunted on an Italian convoy that ran in the direction of Libyan coast, it was north of Egypt’s Sidi Barrani by the German submarine U 331 under Lieutenant Hans Diedrich von Tiesenhausen attacked with four torpedoes. Three of them met the ship at about 16.30 clock in the aft tower group, then got the Barham list to starboard and aft ammunition magazine exploded. The battleship sank very quickly and then tore 862 crew members, including Captain Cooke, in his death. 449 survivors were rescued later.

The sinking was filmed by a camera located on an accompanying boat team. In addition to the cinematic held fixed demise of SMS Szent István in the First World War, this is the only movie about the sinking of a battleship.

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