HMS Bonaventure

HMS Bonaventure

HMS Bonaventure

This article is about a light cruiser of Royal Navy during World War II. It was involved in Battle of the Mediterranean.

The HMS Bonaventure (pennant number 31) was a light cruiser of the British Royal Navy belonging to Dido Class, which entered service in May 1940, it took part in the Second World War, ending March 31, 1941, then sunk by Italian submarine Ambra south of Crete .


Set on August 30, 1937 in the yards of Scotts Shipbuilding and Engineering Company, Greenock, the ship was launched April 19, 1939 under the name of Bonaventure, seventh unit of the Royal Navy to bear this name, and then the ship went into service May 24, 1940 included in the 15th Cruiser Squadron Home Fleet, stationed at Scapa Flow. The ship was assigned to patrol the waters north of the British Isles, as well as for direct naval convoy escort in the Atlantic. On December 25, 1940, while escorting the convoy WS-5, the ship was confronted with other British units with the German heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper, 700 miles west of Cape Finisterre: after a short battle the German ship left the convoy, but not before having sunk two merchant ships and damaged many.

In early January 1941 the ship reassigned to the force F, participated in the convoy’s escort at the center of the operation Excess, directed in the Mediterranean, between 9 and 11 January, dapprina during an attack on the convoy, the destroyer Italian Vega was sunk in the Channel of Sicily, right by the Bonaventure and the destroyer HMS Hereward, while his sister Circe managed to score two shots aboard the cruiser. The unit then became a cover for towing the destroyer HMS Gallant to Malta by HMS Mohawk. Between 25 and 28 February 1941 the cruiser gave support to the departments involved in the operation British abstention, a raid against the Italian garrison on the island of Kastellorizo, before returning to the missions of convoy escort ships in the Mediterranean.

On 30 March 1941 the ship was part of the convoy’s escort GAS between Alexandria in Egypt and Greece, as part of the campaign in Greece: after escaping the attack of the Italian submarine Dagabur, south of Crete was torpedoed by the Bonaventure another Italian submarine, Amber, sank within six minutes with predita of 138 sailors, while the rest of the crew was rescued by other vessels of light.

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