Ian Lancaster Fleming (born 28 May 1908 in London, † 12 August 1964 in Canterbury, England) was a British writer. He achieved mainly with the novel conceived by him and film character James Bond, and his children’s book Chitty Chitty Bang Bang fame.
Born in Mayfair, London,grew up in the shadow of his father, Valentine Fleming, a fell in the First World , the House of Deputies of the Conservative Party, and his grandfather, the legendary Scottish banker Robert Fleming, was the younger brother of travel writer . He was a pupil of Eton College, where he learned French and German and Russian twice the athletics award could achieve, but later had to leave school because of an incident with a girl. His visit to the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst was only mediocre, and he left the Academy for a similar incident.
Urged by his mother, Fleming left England in 1927 and moved into his new apartment Kitzbühel in Austria. There he attended a private school, which was run by the former employee of British intelligence Ernan Forbes Dennis and his wife, the novelist Phyllis Bottome. Both were students and staff of the Vienna individual psychologists Alfred Adler. Fleming could now develop freely according to his ideas, languages and studied psychology at various European universities and wrote his first short stories and poems, but without having the intention at this time to be a writer. Instead, he put everything to get a job in the Foreign Service, but what his problem was and why for four years worked as a journalist for Reuters before the. His greatest success as a journalist was a report on a spy trial in Russia. As the profession as a journalist, however, did not leave much money left to life, Fleming became a stockbroker in London banks Cull & Co. and Rowe & Pitman. Later, he accepted a post at the Times correspondent, where he was employed until 1933. This task took him to the Soviet Union, where he was to report on a trading voyage – but in truth he was spying for the Foreign Office.
1939 Fleming went into the Naval Intelligence and worked quickly to lieutenant and personal assistant to the Director John Godfrey high. From 1941 he was employed as a liaison officer to the U.S. Navy intelligence, and at the end of 1943 he commanded a specially trained unit of the Royal Marines, the Fleming’s Red Indians, for which he was planning some dangerous commands and executed in their actions but he was not right there . So Fleming in 1940, among other jurisdiction to protect Gibraltar and southern Spain before the radar surveillance by the Germans. This order had the code name Operation Goldeneye. He felt inspired by the possibilities of war espionage and sent William Donovan notes, in which he explained how you could build the OSS. Donovan was so impressed that he has a .38 Special Colt Official Police with the inscription “For Special Services”, presented Fleming.
In the 1940s he also worked as a liaison officer at Estoril and also visited the Casino Estoril, the then largest European casino. When Chemin de fer, he is said to have the inspiration for the novel Casino Royale fetched. The novel’s plot with the Chemin de fer casino, he moved to the French Atlantic coast, published in 2006, the movie Casino Royale in Montenegro and played, however, moved the card game Poker.
In the last years of the war Fleming spent during a military conference officially some time in Jamaica, where he was impressed by the lush landscape. He earned a beach plot, designed a house and called it Goldeneye. Here he worked on plans for the kidnapping of, spent there from now on the cold winter months, wrote his stories and novels, and went in liaisons, including with the married Anne Rothermere, whom he married in 1952. In the same year she got her son Casper.
Journalist and author
Fleming was now working again as a journalist and wrote in 1953 his first spy novel Casino Royale with the famous figure of the agent James Bond. The character was inspired by Dunstan Curtis, the commander of the 30th Advanced Unit, to Patrick Dalzel job and his brother. He sold the rights to his debut for $ 6000 at the Hollywood actor and director Gregory Ratoff, James Bond 21 October 1954 brought into American television for the first time. But Casino Royale received little support from the public, and screenplays to a planned series called James Bond, Secret Agent landed into oblivion. Undeterred Fleming wrote three more novels before he brought out in 1957 From Russia with Love. Later, John F. Kennedy called this item in a list of his favorite books.
Fleming actually had the intention to make his Bond series to end, to devote himself to more serious works. However, due to the enormous popularity of the character Fleming decided to still write more stories about secret agents. Bond now focused more and more in the interest of the public, the London Daily Express newspaper published in 1957 even a short comic strip 007.
Fleming was inspired by his story about smuggling diamonds for the Sunday Times for his novel Diamonds Are Forever, which also appeared in 1957. After Goldfinger and Thunderball also had great success, Fleming came back gradually from journalism and focused mainly on his novels. In the years 1958 and 1959 he worked at a series of cities Sunday Times, which was later published as a book under the name of Thrilling Cities.
Meanwhile, film producer Harry Saltzman had an option on almost all novels and short stories by Fleming received (exceptions were at this time Moonraker and Casino Royale) and now sought after financing for the first full-length James Bond movie. It was not until the early 1960s was due to the financial commitment by Albert R. Broccoli, the first Bond film James Bond – Dr. No 007 in the cinemas start. Fleming received £ 100,000 for each title and a percentage share of cinema box office results of movies produced.
Total Fleming wrote twelve James Bond novels (see below). These nine James Bond Short Stories (short stories), and these were published in England and the United States under partially different book titles, then often individually according to the translations or in new combinations.
End of Life
1964 Fleming became ill on a chest flu, which eventually developed into pleurisy, and in general, his health deteriorated, his likes smoking, drinking, fatty foods and plenty of world travel showed the first signs of wear.
In August of the same year he was overtaken during a meeting of the Golf Committee of St. George a heart attack, and he died shortly afterwards at Sandwich Bay in Kent.
is in the cemetery of Sevenhampton, a village north-east of Swindon in Wiltshire, buried next to his wife Anne and his son Casper, who died in 1975 of a drug overdose.
Fleming wrote to his death twelve Bond novels and nine short stories, which were translated into 23 languages. His life was processed The Secret Life of Ian Fleming with a broadcast in the UK television biography of the documentation and the Goldeneye mainly fictional feature film.
•Fleming gilded Royal Quiet De Luxe portable typewriter was auctioned in 1994 at Christie’s for 56,000 pounds to an unknown collector.
•For his James Bond novel James Bond and the Man with the Golden Gun (The Man With The Golden Gun), the American arms manufacturer Colt handed Defense Ian Fleming in 1964 a .357 Magnum Colt Python with the inscription “Presented To Ian Fleming By Colt’s Patent Fire Arms Mfg.. Co. “which was auctioned at Bonhams on 28 March 2007 and went for 12,000 pounds to an unknown collector.
•From 1934 to 1945 Fleming lived in a former Baptist church at 33 Ebury Street, London, which he had acquired from the fascist politician Oswald Mosley. The antagonist released from the 1955 James Bond novel Moonraker, Sir Hugo Drax, uses the same housing as the story progresses as conspiratorial shelter.
•The actor Christopher Lee is a cousin of Ian Fleming and played in the James Bond film The Man with the Golden Gun the role of Scaramanga.
•1953 Fleming took over the role of the famous “Atticus,” the senior columnist of The Sunday Times, the already embodied many writers and politicians.
•Ian Fleming gave Bond director Terence Young, the basic idea for the film Poppy Is Also a Flower (The Poppy Is Also a Flower) of 1966.
•2011, the airport in Jamaica Boscobel Aerodrome was renamed the Ian Fleming International Airport.
James Bond novels
•Casino Royale., 1953 (German Casino Royale. Frankfurt 1960; recently Munich 2007 under ISBN 978-3-453-50037-2)
•Live And Let Die., 1954 (German Live and let die. Frankfurt and Berlin in 1961, completely revised paperback edition of Munich 2003, ISBN 3-453-87036-0)
•Moonraker., 1955 (German 007 James Bond Moon flash. Bern and Munich, 1967; later under the title of James Bond, Moonraker secret as last fully revised paperback edition under the title James Bond 007 Moonraker.. Munich 2004, ISBN 3-453-87037-9)
•Diamonds Are Forever., 1956 (German Diamonds Are Forever. Frankfurt 1960; fully revised paperback edition of Munich 2003, ISBN 3-453-87038-7)
•From Russia With Love., 1957 (German From Russia with Love. Constance in 1961, completely revised paperback edition of Munich 2003, ISBN 3-453-87039-5)
•Doctor No. 1958 (German 007 James Bond Dr. No. Bern and Munich 1965, fully revised paperback edition of Munich 2004, ISBN 3-453-87040-9)
•Goldfinger., 1959 (German 007 James Bond Goldfinger contra. Bern and Munich in 1965, and later under the title of James Bond, Goldfinger last 1999 ISBN 3-502-79224-0).
•Thunderball., 1961 (German James Bond 007 – Thunderball. Bern and Munich in 1967, most recently under the title of James Bond, Never say never or action fireball. Bern, Munich and Vienna 1999, ISBN 3-502-79222-4)
•The Spy Who Loved Me 1962 (German 007 The Spy Who Loved Me. Bern and Munich 1966, most recently in 1999 under ISBN 3-502-79228-3)
•On Her Majesty’s Secret Service., 1963 (German 007 James Bond and his most dangerous mission. Bern and Munich in 1964, and later under the title of James Bond, in the service of Her Majesty most recently in 1999 under ISBN 3-502-79227-5).
•You Only Live Twice., 1964 (German 007 James Bond rides the tiger. Bern and Munich, 1966, and later under the title of James Bond, you only live twice last 1999, ISBN 3-502-79229-1).
•The Man With The Golden Gun., 1965 (German 007 James Bond and the Man with the Golden Gun. Bern and Munich 1966, also under the title of James Bond and the golden Colt, most recently as James Bond, The Man with the Golden Gun. Bern, Munich and Vienna 1999, ISBN 3-502-79225-9)
James Bond Short Stories
•For Your Eyes Only., 1960, five short stories (Eng. 007 James Bond intervenes. Five special cases. Bern and Munich, 1965), the original “From a View to a Kill”, “For your Eyes Only”, “Risico”, “Quantum of Solace” and “The Hildebrand Rarity”.
•Octopussy and the Living Daylights. Posthumously in 1966 007 James Bond, Risky business. Bern and Munich in 1968; 8 Edition 1983, ISBN 3-502-55914-7), the original first two short stories published (“Octopussy” and “The Living Daylights”, later “The Property of a Lady” was added).
•From a View to a Kill (Eng. 007 James Bond, death in the rearview mirror. Bern and Munich in 1967, and later included under the title of James Bond 007, in the face of death since 1993 under ISBN 3-502-51457-7), already in the short story collection was in the original “For Your Eyes Only”..
•007 in New York City, 1963, in Thrilling Cities, the only James Bond story in this volume, (Eng. 007 in New York City in the big cities, seventh Verlag, 2012, ISBN 978-3-902711-10-6).
•Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, the magical car., 1964 (German Chitty-Chitty-bang-bang. 2 volumes, Bern 1965 and 1966; 10 Edition in one volume under the title of Chitty-Chitty-Bang-Bang.The adventures of a miracle car. Ravensburg, 1980, ISBN 3-473-39137-9)
•The Diamond Smugglers (1957)
•Thrilling Cities (1963), including the James Bond short story “007 in New York City”
•The Black Daffodil (1921-1926)
•The True Tale of Captain Kidd’s Treasure (1921-1926)
•Death on Two Occasions (1927)
•Mercury Refence Book (1945-1946)
•State Of Excitement – Impressions of Kuwait (1960)
•Umberto Eco: The narrative structures with Hans Christoph Buch Ian Fleming & James Bond or The petty bourgeois in arms. In: Jochen Vogt (ed.): The detective novel.Poetics – Theory – History. Fink, Munich 1998, 581 pp., ISBN 3-8252-8147-7 (UTB) and ISBN 3-7705-3226-0 (Fink), UTB Science, Vol 8147th
•Michael Marti, Peter Wälty James Bond and Switzerland. Real-Verlag, Basel, 2008, ISBN 978-3-905800-20-3.
•Danny Morgenstern, Manfred Hobsch. James Bond XXL 2 vols. Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf, Berlin 2006, ISBN 3-89602-545-7.
Literature (20th century)
Individual Intelligence Services (United Kingdom)
Born in 1908
Died in 1964