Invasion of Lingayen Gulf

U.S. naval force approaches the shores of Lingayen

U.S. naval force approaches the shores of Lingayen

Invasion of Lingayen Gulf was an amphibious landing by the Allies operated on Luzon, the Philippines, during World War II

Background

During the Second World War, the Lingayen Gulf proved to be an important theater of war between the U.S. and Japanese forces. On 22 December 1941, the 14th Army of Imperial Japanese Army, under the command of Lieutenant General Masaharu Homma, landed in the eastern part of the Gulf of Lingayen, occupying the Municipality of Agoo, Caba, Bauang and San Juan. Homma’s soldiers met little resistance, and after some small skirmishes with the ill-equipped defense troops, mostly American soldiers and Filipinos, were able to take control of the Gulf. After the defeat, General Douglas MacArthur ordered the troops to leave Luzon and withdraw to Bataan Peninsula in the far south of the island. For the next three years, the area of ​​the Lingayen Gulf remained in the hands of the Japanese forces.

Landing

The preparations for the landing began January 6, 1945 and continued until Jan. 8. Underwater Demolition Team effected on the spot checks, but not finding any obstacle on the beach and encountering enemy forces scattered throughout the Gulf. They carried the U.S. forces air strikes and naval bombardment estimates in the landing areas, which was followed in response to suicide bombings, which came to a head in the day of January 7. The next day, following the bombing of Lingayen, was formed through the streets of the city a procession of people with flags of the United States and the Philippines, the U.S. forces shifted their attacks from that area.

At 9:30 on January 9, after a heavy bombardment coastal, 68,000 men under the command of General Walter Krueger’s Sixth United States Army landed on the beaches of Lingayen Gulf, without encountering any opposition.

In the days after the landings continued, up to a total of 203,608 soldiers, who went on to form a beachhead that stretched for 32 km, from the towns of Sual, Lingayen and Dagupan City in the west to the east San Fabia.

The number of men at the controls of MacArthur then came to exceed the total of those of Dwight D. Eisenhower could have in Europe.

Within a few days, U.S. troops captured without difficulty coastal cities, including San Fabian, by securing more than 30 kilometers of beaches.

Despite the success of the ground troops, U.S. forces suffered heavy losses, especially the naval convoys, due to suicide bombings.

From 4 to 12 January, 24 ships were sunk and 67 were damaged by suicide bombers, including the battleships Mississippi and Colorado, the latter also accidentally hit by friendly fire, the ‘heavy cruiser Australia, the light cruiser and destroyer Columbia Long and Hovey .

The Lingayen Gulf was turned into a vast warehouse supplies in support of the troops engaged in the battle of Luzon.

Commemoration

On 9 January 2008, the Governor Amado Espino, Jr. and Vice Governor Marlyn Primicias-Agabas instituted a memorial in honor of the veterans who participated in the landing. On January 9, he became the Pangasinan Veterans’ Day.

In the 63rd anniversary of the invasion, the President of the Philippines Fidel Valdez Ramos appealed then U.S. President George W. Bush, in the name of the 24,000 veterans still alive, to pass two bills, filed in the House of Representatives since 1968. The Filipino Veterans ‘Equity Act and the Filipino Veterans Equity were finally approved with the formal support of Senator Daniel Inouye.

War in 1945

Operations in the Pacific

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