Joachim Müncheberg

Joachim Müncheberg (Friedrichsdorf, Dramburg region, Pomerania, December 18, 1918 – Maknassy, ​​Tunisia, March 23, 1943) was a German pilot during World War II and reached a total of 135 aerial victories in just over 500 missions combat. Of these, 102 were victories on the Western Front and 33 on the Eastern Front. He hit at least 46 Spitfire fighters.

Early military career

He began his military career in the Wehrmacht as an infantryman in October 1936. The Oberfähnrich Müncheberg was then transferred to the Luftwaffe in October 1938 and completed his pilot training, he was sent to I. / JG 234. The Leutnant Müncheberg joined the III. / JG 26 in October 1939.


On September 23, 1939, shortly after the beginning of World War II, he was appointed Adjutant of the III. / JG 26, and recorded his first victory on 7 November when he shot down a bomber twin engine RAF Blenheim near Opladen.

Invasion of France

During the Invasion of France, Müncheberg could kill eight French and British aircraft and by July 1940 the then Oberleutnant Müncheberg had recorded a total of 10 victories, on August 22, 1940 designated the Staffelkapitän 7./ JG 26.

Due to his achievements, he was awarded on September 14, 1940, with the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz), having achieved his 20th victory on the same day. During the Battle of Britain he shot down 14 more enemy aircraft.

From February 1941, the unit Müncheberg began operating in the Mediterranean theater from bases in Sicily. Your unit has achieved a great success, having shot down 52 enemy aircraft without losing a single pilot and these victories, Müncheberg won almost half of these victories.

In addition to the missions was over Malta, Müncheberg also flew in Yugoslavia in support of the German invasion of the Balkans. He recorded the slaughter of a JKRV Fury biplane fighter shot down near Podgorica on 6 April 1941 and destroyed another on the ground. Müncheberg had identified their victims but both wins were actually on biplane fighters Avia BH-33.

On May 7, 1941, Müncheberg was awarded the Oak Leaves to the Knight’s Cross (German: Eichenlaub) (Nr 12) and Italian Medagalia d’Oro.

He was in Libya for a period during the months of June and July 1941, providing support for the Afrika Korps of Erwin Rommel who tried to remove the British from Tobruk, and this forehead Müncheberg won five more victories.

In August 1941, 7./ JG 26 was transferred to France and soon Müncheberg shot down a Spitfire near Dunkirk on August 29, this being his 50th victory. From the time he returned from North Africa until he left Jagdgeschwader 26 in June 1942, Müncheberg reached a total of 35 victories, 34 of these Spitfire s.

On September 19, Müncheberg was promoted to the rank of Hauptmann and appointed Gruppenkommandeur of II. / JG 26. On July 22, 1942, Müncheberg was sent to the Eastern Front where he joined the Jagdgeschwader 51. On 5 September he recorded his 100th victory when he shot down a P-39 in Kubinka.

On September 9, he was awarded the Knight’s Cross of Swords (German: Schwertern) (Nr 19) after his 103rd victory. Müncheberg recorded 33 victories over Russian aircraft (84-116). However, Müncheberg he was shot twice by the time he was on the Eastern Front.

On 1 October 1942, was appointed Major Müncheberg Kommodore of Jagdgeschwader 77, operating in North Africa, Sicily and Tunisia. Müncheberg won 24 more wins to their total balance but had to make a forced landing in his Bf 109 G-2 (W.Nr. 10725) after a dogfight against the RAF Kittyhawk fighters on December 10, 1942. Müncheberg died on March 23, 1943 on Tunisia in a dogfight against a Spitfire USAAF 52nd Fighter Group when, after shooting down one of them, he collided with the second. He collapsed and died in his Bf 109 G-6 (W.Nr. 16381).


Iron Cross 2nd and 1st Class?

•German Cross in Gold (June 5, 1942)

•Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross (14 September 1940)

•Oak Leaves (May 7, 1941)

•Spades (June 15,, 1942)

•Medagalia d’Oro (7 May 1941)


•Berger, Florian. Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die Soldaten des höchstdekorierten Zweiten Weltkrieges. Wien, Austria: Selbstverlag Florian Berger, 2006. ISBN 3-9501307-0-5.

•Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer. Die Träger des des Ritterkreuzes Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945. Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas, 2000. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.

•Scutts, Jerry. Bf 109 Aces of North Africa and the Mediterranean. 1994. ISBN 1-85532-448-2.

•Wübbe, Walter. Hauptmann Hans Joachim Marseille Ein Jagdfliegerschicksal in Daten, Bildern und Dokumenten. Schnellbach, Germany: Siegfried Bublies Verlag, 2001. ISBN 3-926584-78-5.

Aviators of Germany

People of the Second World War (Germany)

Killed in 1943

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