List of World War II military operations

List of missions, operations, and military projects implemented (or not) during the Second World War.

Europe

The Western Front

1935

•Case Red – German defense plan in case of incursion by France during the ‘invasion of Czechoslovakia.

1940

•Ambassador – British Commando Raid on Guernsey.

•Attila – Contingency plan for a possible German occupation of Vichy France.

•Fall Gelb (“Case Yellow”) – German offensive against the ‘Western Europe.

•Dynamo – British evacuation from Dunkirk.

•Fall Rot (“Case Red”) – Second phase of the German offensive on the Western Front

•Paula – Attack General of the Luftwaffe against Allied airfields in France on June 3

•Mondscheinsonate (“Serenade in the moonlight”) – German air raid on Coventry.

•Seelöwe (“Sea Lion”) – Designed German invasion of Britain.

◦Adler (“Eagle”) – German air offensive known as the Battle of Britain.

◦Grün (“Green”) – Fake invasion of Ireland ‘in conjunction with Seelöwe.

◦Herbstreise (“Autumn Journey”) – Fake invasion of Scotland in conjunction with Seelöwe.

1941

•Artur (“Arturo”) – Piano German support to the activities of ‘IRA.

1942

•Anton – German occupation of Vichy France.

•Basalt – British raid on Sark.

•Biting – Allied commando raid on the radar stations in France.

•Cerberus – Escape of the German ships from Brest to ports of Germany.

•Chariot – British raid on Saint-Nazaire.

•Clawhammer – Designed commando raid on a radar station in France.

•Frankton – commando raid on a cargo port in France.

•Jubilee – Failed raid on a large scale by the British-Canadian, of Dieppe.

•Lila – Attack the German port of Toulon eg rimpadronirsi the French War Fleet

•Millennium – with 1,000 British bombers raid on Cologne.

•Rutter – Designed British-Canadian raid on Dieppe. Abandoned due to unfavorable weather conditions and revisited as Jubilee.

•Sledgehammer – Piano Allied invasion of the Cotentin peninsula.

1943

•Bolero (1943-1944) – Influx of U.S. forces and material in the UK, in preparation for D-Day.

•Chastise – British air attack on German dams.

•Gomorrah – British air attack on Hamburg.

•Project Habakkuk – Project to build an aircraft carrier ice.

•Hydra – RAF bombing of Peenemunde on the night of August 16 to 17.

•Round Up – Piano Anglo-American invasion of North West Europe (renamed in August, 1943, Overlord).

1944

•Bluecoat – Advanced Anglo-Canadian on the river Vire to hinder the redeployment German.

•Charnwood – Canadian Assault in Caen.

•Cobra – Breakthrough U.S. from the front in Normandy

◦Dunhill – Operations of the Special Air Service (SAS) in Normandy in support of Cobra.

•Defoe – patrols of the SAS in Normandy.

•Diver – Defence in London from attacks by V-1.

•Epsom – British Assault west of Caen.

•Goodwood – Attempt to break through the British front in Normandy.

•Herbstnebel – Name of the final battle of the bulge.

◦Greif – German troops disguised as Allied soldiers during Herbstnebel.

◦Schneeman – German attempt to open a second front in the Netherlands.

◦Stösser – Throws parachuted in support Herbstnebel.

•Kitten – Avansata British-Canadian on the Seine.

•Lost – British raid on Britain.

•Loyton – failed SAS patrol the Vosges Mountains.

•Market Garden – the Allied airborne attempt to cross the Lower Rhine

•Nelson – Deleted patrol of the SAS in France.

•Newton – Raid SAS in France.

•Overlord – Allied landings in Normandy.◦Bodyguard – Piano diversion overall, including:

◾Hambone

◾Jael

◾Ferdinand

◾Skye

◾Quicksilver

◾Fortitude

◦Detroit – U.S. Landing parachuted into Normandy.

◦Chicago – Landing U.S. parachuted into Normandy.

◦Dingson – Raid Commando of Free France

◦Mulberry – Creating safe anchorages using barges.

◦Fortitude – Allied diversionary activities to hide Overlord.

◦Liège – German counteroffensive of Mortain.

◦Maple – Operations Allied naval mine clearance

◦Neptune – landing phase of Overlord.

◾Gambit – Use of mini-submarines class X as diversions on Sword and Juno beaches

◦Postage Able – Inspections to the landing beaches using X-class submarines and divers.

◦Tonga – Landing British parachuted into Normandy, to the east of the River Orne.

•Pegasus – Allied Relief after the failure of Market Garden.

•Pluto – Construction of undersea pipelines between England and France.

•Queen – Operation of close air support on the Hurtgen Forest, east of Aachen.

•Shingle – Allied Landing at Anzio and Nettuno Italy.

•Tiger – Exercise training prior to the Allied D-Day, near Slapton, England.

•Totalize – Allied attempt to trap the German armies in Normandy.

•Tractable – Pursue Totalize to close the Falaise pocket.

•Wacht am Rhein – First code name for the German counteroffensive in the Ardennes (Belgium, Luxembourg and France).

•Nordwind – German offensive in Alsace

1945

•Amherst – British Airborne Raid on ‘Holland.

•Bodenplatte – German Air Strike 27 Allied air bases.

•Goldflake – The I. Canadian Corps moves from ‘all Italian’ Northern Europe under the command of I. Canadian Army.

•Grenade – Crossing the Roer by the IX. U.S. Army.

•Plunder – British Crossing of the Rhine.

◦Archway – Operation Plunder support for the SAS.

◦Varsity – Crossing airborne in conjunction with Plunder.

•Schneeman – German attempt to open a second front in the Netherlands.

•Nordwind – German offensive in Alsace.

•Veritable – Crossing the Roer by The Canadian Army.

Eastern Front

1941

•Barbarossa – the German invasion of the ‘Soviet Union.

◦Beowulf – German amphibious attack the islands of Saaremaa and Hiiumaa.

◦Taifun (“Typhoon”) – German autumn offensive aimed at taking Moscow before winter.

•Sinyavino (1941 and 1942) – Double failed attempt to liberate Leningrad from the Soviets.

1942

•Blau (“Case Blue”) – German offensive in the south of ‘the Soviet Union.

•Blücher – German offensive in the Caucasus.

•Braunschweig (“Brunswick”) – German offensive on Stalingrad and the Caucasus.◦Edelweiss (“Edelweiss”) – Advanced German in the Caucasus oil fields of Baku and on the shores of the Black Sea.

◦Fischreiher (“Heron”) – German offensive aimed at reaching and Stalingrad.

•Donnerschlag (“Thunderclap”) – Ground for the German sortie from the pocket of Stalingrad 6. German Army, was never carried out.

•Feuerzauber (“Fire Magic”) – German plan to take Leningrad.

•Lyuban – Failed attempt to free Soviet Leningrad.

•Nordlicht (“Northern Lights”) – German plan to take Leningrad.

•Saturn (“Saturn”) – Proposed major Soviet attack as a result of ‘encirclement of Stalingrad; adapted to become Operation Little Saturn.

•Uran – Offensive Soviet pincer to encircle 6. German Army at Stalingrad.

•Malyj Saturn – Offensive unleashed after the Soviet encirclement of Stalingrad, against the Italian front on the Don.

•Wintergewitter (“Winter Storm”) – German unsuccessful attempt to free the 6. German Army trapped in Stalingrad.

1943

•Kolzo – final Soviet offensive against the pocket of Stalingrad

•Zvedza – Offensive in Soviet Ukraine, in the direction of Kharkov.

•Eisenhammer – Plan to destroy the electric power plants in Moscow and Gorky.

•Zitadelle (“Citadel”) – German offensive head to eliminate the Kursk salient.

•Kutuzov – Attack against the Soviet Union 2. German Panzer Army in the north of the Kursk salient.

•Polkovodets Rumyantsev – Soviet attack against the southern sector of the Kursk salient.

1944

•Aster – Evacuation plan of the German ‘Estonia.

•Bagration – Great Soviet offensive against the German forces in Belarus.

•Caesar – German Counter to counter the Soviet offensive on Riga.

•Doppelkopf – German counteroffensive to unlock the German forces isolated in the Baltics.

•Margarethe – German operation to prevent the defection of ‘Hungary from the war.

•Moonsund – Reconquest of the Soviet Estonian islands of Saaremaa and Hiiumaa.

1945

•Frühlingserwachen (“Spring Awakening”) – German counteroffensive against the forces of ‘Red Army in Hungary.

•Keelhaul – The forcible repatriation to the Soviet Union, the Russian prisoners of war liberated by the Western Allies.

•Konrad – German counteroffensive to try to free Budapest

•Sonnenwende (“Winter Solstice”) – German offensive to liberate the Pomeranian by Russian forces and prevent the advance on Berlin.

•Südwind – German Attack in Hungary against the Soviet bridgehead on the river Hron

Scandinavia

1940

•Wilfred – Franco-British invasion of Norway.

•Alphabet – Evacuation of British troops from Norway.

•Büffel – German operation to rescue troops to Narvik (Norway).

•Fork – British Invasion of the ‘Iceland.

•Ikarus – Designed German invasion of Iceland.

•Juno – German naval operation to disrupt Allied supplies to Norway.

•Weserübung (“Weser Exercise”) – the German invasion of Denmark and Norway.◦Weserübung North (“Weser Exercise”) – the German invasion of Trondheim and Narvik.

◦Weserübung South (“Weser Exercise”) – the German invasion of Bergen, Kristiansand and Oslo.

1941

•Archery – British Commando Raid on Maaloy (Norway).

•Silberfuchs (“Silver Fox”) – Operations tedesce in the Arctic, including:

◦Blaufuchs 1 (“Blue Fox 1″) – Moving of German troops from Germany to Finnish Lapland.

◦Blaufuchs 2 (“Blue Fox 2″) – Moving of German troops from Norway and Finnish Lapland.

◦Platinfuchs (“Platinum Fox”) – German attack towards Murmansk from Petsamo (Finland).

◦Polarfuchs (“Polar Fox”) – Attack Kandalaksha from German into Finnish Lapland.

◦Renntier (“Reindeer”) – German occupation of Petsamo.

•Claymore – British raid on the Lofoten (Norway)

•Gauntlet – Raid on Spitzbergen.

1942

•Jupiter – Proposed invasion of Norway.

•Lachsfang – Proposed combined attack against German and Finnish Kandalaksha and Belomorsk.

1943

•Gunnerside – Norwegian raid on the plant for the production of heavy water.

•Sizilien – German raid on Spitzbergen occupied by the Allies.

•Zitronella – German raid against a train Norwegian / British on Svalbard.

1944

•Birke (“Birch”) – German plan to withdraw from northern Finland before the Lapland War.

•Nordlicht (“Northern Lights”) – Withdrawal from the German Kola Peninsula.

•Tanne Ost – Failed German attempt to occupy the island of Suursaari.

•Tanne West – Planned German attempt to wrest the Åland Islands in Finland.

1945

•Birkhahn (“Gallo Nero”) – German Withdrawal from Norway.

Mediterranean Sea

•Achse (“Axis”) (1943) – German invasion of ‘Italy after the signing of the’ Armistice of Cassibile ‘September 8, 1943

•Acrobat (1942) – British plan to attack Tripoli, after the success of Crusader◦Alarich (“Alaric”) (1943) – German plan for the occupation of Northern Italy

•Aida (1942) – Advanced Rommel in Egypt

•Agreement (“Agreement”) (1942) – Raid of the British troops, rodhesiane and New Zealand on several obiettici in North Africa

◦Daffodil (“Daffodil”) (1942) – Raid of Tobruk

◦Hyacinth (“Hyacinth”) (1942) – Raid on Barce

◦Snowdrop (1942) – Raid on Benghazi

◦Tulip (“Tulip”) (1942) – Reconquest of the ‘oasis of Jalo

•Anvil (“Anvil”) (1944) – Allied invasion of southern France, later renamed Dragoon

•Avalanche (“Avalanche”) (1943) – Allied landing at Salerno◦Boardman (1943) – for the diversionary Operation Avalanche

•Battleaxe (“Hatchet”) (1941) – Failed British attack the Axis forces in North Africa to help Tobruk

•Baytown (1943) – Allied Landing in Calabria

◦Slapstick (1944) – Part of Operation Baytown

•Bertram (1942) – a diversionary operation in preparation for the Second Battle of El Alamein

•Begonia (1943) – Part of the airborne rescue attempt of the British prisoners of war in Italy

•Braun (1942) – German-Italian intervention in Tunisia to stop the Allied advance from ‘Algeria and Morocco

•Brevity (“Brevity”) (1941) – British Conquest of Halfaya Pass, Egypt

•Candytuft (1944) – Operation of SAS aimed at destroying the railway bridge between Pesaro and Fano

•Capri (1943) – Failed attack on German-Italian in Medenine, on the face of the Mareth, Tunisia

•Cold Comfort (1945) – Cold Comfort / SAS Zombie raids failed to block the railroad crossing the Brenner Pass

•Colossus (“Colossus”) (1941) – Raid experimental aircraft aqueduct near Calitri, in ‘Southern Italy

•Compass (“Compass”) (1940) – Controffenisva British in North Africa

•Corkscrew (“Corkscrew”) (1943) – Allied-occupied island of Pantelleria

•Crusader (“Crusader”) (1941) – British Liberation of Tobruk

•Diadem (“Diadem”) (1944) – Victorious Allied assault on German defensive Gustav Line in Italy.◦Strangle (1944) – Allied Bombing on German supply lines, all in preparation for ‘Operation Diadem.

•Dragoon (“Dragon”) (1944) – Allied landing in southern France

◦Dove (“Dove”) – part of the Dragoon carried out with gliders carrying troops

◦Span – a diversionary in support of Operation Dragoon

•Driftwood (1944) – failed raid on rail targets north of Rome

•Felix (1940-41) – Plan German invasion of Gibraltar

•Frülingswind (“Spring Wind”) (1943) – Attack of the armored forces tedesce west of Faid step in Tunisia

•Gertrud – German Response Plan if Turkey had sided with the Allies

•Gisela – According response plan in Germany for the British invasion of the Iberian Peninsula

•Gymnast – First name of ‘Operation Torch

•Operation Herbstnebel 2 (“Autumn Fog”) (1944) – Proposal refused to withdraw German troops in Italy over the River Po

•Hercules (“Hercules”) (1942) – Plan airborne invasion of Malta by the Axis (for commands Italian C3)

•Husky (1943) – Allied invasion of Sicily

◦Chestnut (“Chestnut”) (1943) – SAS Raid in support of the invasion of Sicily

◦Mincemeat (“meat grinder”) (1943) – Operation of misinformation before the invasion of Sicily

•Isabella (1942) – Initial response plan in the event of a German British invasion of the Iberian Peninsula

•Topaz (1943) – Part of the airborne rescue attempt of the British prisoners of war in Italy

•Judgement (“Judgment”) (1940) – British air attack on the Italian fleet in the port of Taranto

•Lustre (1941) – Strengthening of the British Greece

•Lightfoot (“Light Foot”) (1942) – First attack by British and Australians at El Alamein

•Marita (1941) – German invasion of Greece

•Merkur (“Mercury”) (1941) – German invasion of Crete

•Mittelmeer (1940 & ndash 1941) – Strengthening of the German air force in the Italian Meditarraneo

•Morgenluft (“morning breeze”) (1943) – Attack of the ‘Afrikakorps abreast of Gafsa in Tunisia

•Morgenrote (“Sunrise”) (1944) – German Counterattack in the Allied landing at Anzio

•Nurnberg (“Nuremberg”) (1943) – Third and final response plan in the event of a German invasion of the Iberian Peninsula

•Ochsenkopf (“Head of ox”) (1943) – German Attack in Tunisia suil against Majaz al Bab

•Pedestal (“Stand”) (1942) – Allied Convoy to Malta.

•Shingle (1944) – Allied Landing at Anzio

◦Baobab (1944) – Operation of the SAS to destroy the railway bridge between Pesaro and Fano

◦Chettyford – Piano diversion in support to Operation Shingle

◦Pomegranate (“pomegranate”) (1944) – Raid in support of Operation Shingle

•Sonnenblume (“Sunflower”) – Movement of German troops in North Africa, a result of the British Operation Compass (Afrika Korps)

•Speedwell (1945) – operation behind enemy lines of the British Special Air Service to cut railway communications in Northern Italy.

•Sturmflut (1943) – Attack the German-Italian abreast of Kasserine in Tunisia

•Supercharge (“supercharge”) (1942) – Second phase of the attack British and New Zealand at El Alamein

•Super-Gymnast (1942) – Second name of the next Operation Torch

•Theseus (“Theseus”) (1942) – German offensive to drive the Allies from Cyrenaica and the ‘Egypt

•Bingo (1945) – SAS Raid in Italy

•Torch (“Torch”) (1942) – Allied landings in North Africa

•Operation Venice (1942) – Offensive Italo-German on the front of ʿ Ayn al-Ghazala, Libya

•Vulcan (“Volcano”) (1943) – Final Assault Allied to Axis forces trapped around Tunis.

•Zombie (1941) – Operation Cold Comfort, renamed

Resistance movements

•Anthropoid (1942) – Czech-British plan for the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich

•Braunschweig 2 (“Brunswick”) (1944) – Action anti-German partisan in Istria

•Burza (“Plan Burza”, “Operation Storm”) (1944) – A series of local revolts organized by ‘Army Krajowa Polish

•Canuck (1945) – Operation of SAS at Turin to train and organize the Italian partisans

•Carpetbagger (1943) – Launch of approggivionamenti American forces Resistance

•Ratweek (1944) – Attack of the combined Balkan Air Force and Yugoslav partisans against German supply lines in Yugoslavia

•Rösselsprung (“Move the horse”) (1944) – German attempt to capture Josip Broz Tito

•Schwarz (1942) – anti-partisan operation in the German-occupied Yugoslavia

•Nachtigall (Nightingale) (1944) – German plan for the elimination of partisan bands in Chisone and Germanasca Province of Turin

Forest Brothers (1944) – Attempts of the Baltic peoples to resist against the occupation and the incorporation in the ‘Soviet Union.

Central

Excluding the operations in the Mediterranean.

•Ironclad (“Dress of iron”) (1942) – Battle for the possession of Madagascar

•Menace (“Threat”) (1940) – Airborne Attack by British and Free French forces in Dakar (Senegal)

Atlantic Ocean

It includes the Arctic Convoys.

1940

•Nordseetour – First Atlantic operation of Admiral Hipper KM.

1941

•Berlin (“Berlin”) – Crossing the Atlantic KM KM Scharnhorst and Gneisenau.

•Rheinübung (“Exercise Rhine”) – Designed German attacks on convoys Allies, led by KM Bismarck and the ‘KM Prinz Eugen

1942

•Paukenschlag (“Drum Roll”) – Campaign of the U-boat attacks against the convoys off the east coast of the United States.

•Regenbogung (“Rainbow”) – Failed German attack on Arctic convoy JW-51B, by Admiral Hipper KM and KM Lutzow.

•Rösselsprung (“Move the horse”) – German naval operation (including the KM Tirpitz) to attack Arctic convoy PQ-17.

•Sportpalast (“Sports Palace”) – Failed German naval operation (including the KM Tirpitz) to attack Arctic convoys PQ-12 and PQ-8.

1943

•Ostfront (“Eastern Front”) – Operation of the final KM Scharnhorst to intercept the convoy JW-55B.

•Source (“Source”) – Attacks the British X class submarines to the German warships in Norway.

1944

•Tungsten (“Tungsten”) – Attack aircraft launched from aircraft carriers on KM Tirpitz.

1945

•Deadlight – Sinking of the post-war U-boat.

In the Pacific

China

1944

•Alpha (“Alpha”) – Strengthening of the defenses of Kunming against the Japanese threat.

•Ichigo – Japanese Campaign in eastern China to secure land routes to the ‘Indochina and airfields.

1945

•August Storm (“Storm of August”) (1945) – Soviet invasion of Manchuria and other territories occupied by the Japanese.

Pacific Ocean

1942

•Watchtower (“Watchtower) – U.S. invasion of Guadalcanal.

1943

•Cartwheel – Allied thrust in the South West Pacific, aimed at isolating the major Japanese base of Rabaul.

•Cottage – U.S. and Canadian operation to retake Kiska in the Aleutians.

•Galvanic – U.S. Assault to Gilbert Islands.

•I – Great Japanese air offensive to stop the Allies advanced on the New Guinea and Guadalcanal.

•Sandcrab – U.S. operation to recapture Attu in the Aleutians.

1944

•A-Go – Japanese Plan to engage and destroy the U.S. fleet during the landings at Saipan.

•Flintlock – Assault U.S. in the Marshall Islands.

•Forager – U.S. Assault to the islands Saipan, Guam and Tinian.

•Stalemate II – U.S. Assault to the islands of Peleliu and Angaur.

1945

•Detachment (“Detachment”) – U.S. invasion of Iwo Jima.

Downfall – Prevista invasion of Japan.

◦Olympic (scheduled for 1945, has not been performed) – Before the two-pronged invasion of Japan.

◦Coronet (scheduled for 1946, has not been performed) – Second of two-pronged invasion of Japan.

•Iceberg – U.S. invasion of Okinawa.

•Juneau – U.S. demining operation in Okinawa.

•Ketsu-Go – Japanese plan to counter the U.S. invasion of Japan.

•Sho-Go – Japanese naval reaction to the U.S. invasion of Leyte

•Starvation – U.S. plane illuminance of ports and waterways Japanese.

•Ten-Go – Sortie Japanese naval to defend Okinawa.

South Asia and South-east

1941

•Matador – Expected moving quote British in Siam from Malaysia.

1943

•Jaywick – Attack Anglo-Australian to Japanese ships in the port of Singapore.

1944

•Ha-Go – Japanese Action to isolate and destroy the Anglo-Indian forces in Burma.

•U-Go – Japanese Assault at Imphal and Kohima.

1945

•Dracula – Amphibious Assault British in Rangoon, Burma.

•Struggle – Destruction of the ‘cruiser of the Imperial Japanese Navy Takao in Singapore harbor, using mini-submarines.

•Talon – Capture British island of Akyab and build a supply base in support of the Burma Campaign.

•Zipper – Expected landing from the sea in British Burma.

Other and unclassified

1938

Fall Grün (“Case Green”) – the German invasion of Czechoslovakia. Germany, at the time of the invasion, deposited in London £ 6 million in gold reserves.

1939

Fall Weiss (“Case White”) – the German invasion of Poland.

•Pied Piper – Evacuation of children from British cities.

1940

•Catapult – Plan of the Royal Navy to knock out or destroy the French fleet after the surrender of France.

•Tannenbaum – German plan for the invasion of Switzerland.

•Wikinger – Company of German destroyers in the North Sea.

1941

•Countenance – Anglo-Soviet invasion of ‘Iran.

Manhattan Project (1941-1945) – American Program aimed at creating the atomic bomb.

1943

•Frantic – Use of Soviet airfields by Allied bombers.

•Narcissus – Raid of the British commandos.

•Reinhard – German actions against the Polish Jews in the “General Government”.

•Tabarin – Shipping in English ‘Antarctic.

1944

•Aphrodite – Use of B-17 bombers as radio-controlled missiles.

•Foxley – plan to kill Adolf Hitler that was never realized.

•Gaff – Attempt to kill Erwin Rommel.

•Valkyrie – Attempt to kill Hitler.

1945

•Cornflakes – added by the U.S. clandestine propaganda in the German postal system.

•LUSTY – U.S. Operation for the capture of aircraft, infrastructure and scientific documents Germans.

•Magic Carpet – Operation post-war for transportation in the United States of American military personnel.

•Paperclip – Operation in part in military science part to recover Nazi scientists, engineers, experiments, prototypes, data, etc.., At the end of the war.

Battles and operations of World War II

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