Ohi Day

The Ohi Day (Epétios tou Ochi, Anniversary of the “No”) is held annually in Greece 28 Celebrated October and commemorates the rejection of Mussolini on 28 October 1940 imposed on Greece ultimatum before the start of the Greek-Italian war. The Greek dictator Ioannis Metaxas refused its acceptance allegedly only with the one word “οchi” (όχι, “No”).

Historical Background

On 7 April 1939 Albania was occupied by the Italians. This was a warning in the direction of Greece. To be sure that the Greek people had understood this message, Mussolini had on 15 August 1940 in the port of Tinos the light cruiser “Elli” torpedo, which had anchored there because of the celebrations on Mother God Estag. Metaxas wanted to keep his country neutral in World War II and therefore not responded to this incident.

The Italian ultimatum

The ultimatum was Metaxas he passed in his home in the Athens suburb of Kifissia, shortly after three clock in the morning by the Italian ambassador Emanuele Grazzi. It included the claims that Greece should allow the Axis powers n to enter Greek territory and occupy unspecified “strategic points”, a rejection of this claim would be answered with war. Metaxas had replied to this ultimatum, according to legend, with a simple “No” (όχι, ochi). How Grazzi writes in his memoirs, but the literal, formulated in French answer Metaxas’ in reality was “Alors, c’est la guerre” (“Well, then, is war”). Grazzi then replied “Pas nécessaire, mon excellence” (“Not necessarily, excellence”), whereupon Metaxas replied, “Non, c’est nécessaire” (such as: “However, it is necessary”). In response to Metaxas rejection Italian troops marched out of Albania – a then Italian “protectorate” – at 5.30 clock in northern Greece a. So that Greece had entered as a belligerent party in the Second World War. On the morning of 28 October were large parts of the Greek people, regardless of their political orientation to the street to express their protest against the Italian invasion of “Ohi, Ohi” Call.

Consequences and significance

The small Greek army beat back the Pindos although numerically far superior, but disorganized and unmotivated opponents and marched to Northern Epirus (Southern Albania). Then Hitler had come to help, to get the situation in the Balkans in terms of the Axis powers control his ignominious folded back ally Mussolini. The occupation of Greece by the German army began in April 1941 in the north of the country as a Balkan campaign and ended in May 1941 with the conquest of Crete. The planned invasion of Russia (“Operation Barbarossa”) was delayed by seasonal and moved into a worse position.

The anniversary

During the war of Greek immigrants in communities all over the world every year on 28 October of the anniversary of the “Ohi” thought. In Greece itself the anniversary was declared a public holiday after the Second World War. He is after 25 March commemorating the liberation of Greece from Ottoman rule, the second most important national holiday. Usually, military parades and school and student parades are organized in all public buildings are decorated with Greek flags.

Greek history (20th century)

Public holidays

Memorial, celebration or action in October

You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

Leave a Reply

Powered by WordPress