The(Epétios tou Ochi, Anniversary of the “No”) is held annually in Greece 28 Celebrated October and commemorates the rejection of on 28 October 1940 imposed on Greece ultimatum before the start of the Greek-Italian war. The Greek dictator refused its acceptance allegedly only with the one word “οchi” (όχι, “No”).
On 7 April 1939 Albania was occupied by the Italians. This was a warning in the direction of Greece. To be sure that the Greek people had understood this message,had on 15 August 1940 in the port of Tinos the “Elli” torpedo, which had anchored there because of the celebrations on Mother God Estag. Metaxas wanted to keep his country neutral in and therefore not responded to this incident.
The Italian ultimatum
The ultimatum was Metaxas he passed in his home in the Athens suburb of Kifissia, shortly after three clock in the morning by the Italian ambassador Emanuele Grazzi. It included the claims that Greece should allow then to enter Greek territory and occupy unspecified “strategic points”, a rejection of this claim would be answered with war. Metaxas had replied to this ultimatum, according to legend, with a simple “No” (όχι, ochi). How Grazzi writes in his memoirs, but the literal, formulated in French answer Metaxas’ in reality was “Alors, c’est la guerre” (“Well, then, is war”). Grazzi then replied “Pas nécessaire, mon excellence” (“Not necessarily, excellence”), whereupon Metaxas replied, “Non, c’est nécessaire” (such as: “However, it is necessary”). In response to Metaxas rejection marched out of Albania – a then Italian “protectorate” – at 5.30 clock in northern Greece a. So that Greece had entered as a belligerent party in the . On the morning of 28 October were large parts of the Greek people, regardless of their political orientation to the street to express their protest against the Italian invasion of “Ohi, Ohi” Call.
Consequences and significance
The smallbeat back the Pindos although numerically far superior, but disorganized and unmotivated opponents and marched to Northern Epirus (Southern Albania). Then had come to help, to get the situation in the Balkans in terms of the control his ignominious folded back ally Mussolini. The occupation of Greece by the began in April 1941 in the north of the country as a Balkan campaign and ended in May 1941 with the conquest of Crete. The planned invasion of Russia (“ ”) was delayed by seasonal and moved into a worse position.
During the war of Greek immigrants in communities all over the world every year on 28 October of the anniversary of the “Ohi” thought. In Greece itself the anniversary was declared a public holiday after the. He is after 25 March commemorating the liberation of Greece from Ottoman rule, the second most important national holiday. Usually, military parades and school and student parades are organized in all public buildings are decorated with Greek flags.
Greek history (20th century)
Memorial, celebration or action in October