QF 3 pounder Hotchkiss

The QF 3 pounder Hotchkiss Hotchkiss or Canon à tir rapide de 47 mm was developed by French manufacturer Hotchkiss et Cie naval gun for defense against fast enemy naval units such as the then newly emerging torpedo boats. The gun was used on many warship s before and during the First World War as a rapid-fire gun for torpedo boat defense. Although the gun was already obsolete at the beginning of the First World War, it was used among other things as coastal artillery and property protection until well into the Second World War into it.

Development history and use

Due to the rapid development of small units such as the warship torpedo boats and destroyers developed n the French manufacturer Hotchkiss Hotchkiss Canon de 47 à tir rapide mm. This weapon was accepted by the Royal Navy s of the United Kingdom and the National Marine France for the first time in 1886 and mounted on warship s. More user States Cannon were the U.S. Navy on the battleship Maine class and the Imperial Russian Navy. Since the gun was already obsolete at the beginning of the First World War, it was replaced in 1914 by the more powerful pounder Ordnance QF 3 Vickers and away from all major units of the Royal Navy. The surplus guns were installed on commercial vessels for anti-submarine defense and used as a light field gun.

In the initial phase of the Second World War, the gun was also used to protect harbor entrances and physical protection until they could be replaced by the QF 6 pounder 10 cwt guns then available. In some Commonwealth countries such Australia as the guns were still in use until 1943, until they too were replaced by the QF 6 pounder 10 cwt. A cannon is still in Hong Kong as a so-called Noonday Gun in use.

Use on ships of the Royal Navy

The QF 3 pounder Hotchkiss was used among others on the following ship units:

•Trafalgar-class battleships

HMS Hood (1891)

•Royal Sovereign class battleships

•Centurion-class battleships

•Majestic-class (1895) Battleships

•Canopus-class battleships

•Formidable-class battleships

•Duncan-class battleships

•King Edward VII-class battleships

•Lord Nelson-class battleships

National use on Navy ships

The Hotchkiss Canon de 47 à tir rapide mm was used, inter alia on the following ship units:

•Bouvet (1893)

•Suffren (1899)

•Charlemagne class battleship

Use on ships of the U.S. Navy

•Maine class battleships

Use on ships of the Imperial Russian Navy

Canon Hotchkiss à tir rapide de 47 mm were used, inter alia on the following ship units:

•Petropavlovsk class battleships

•Peresvet-class battleships

•Admiral Ushakov-class coastal defense ship s

•Amur class (1898) minelayer

Ammunition

The illustrations show ammunition used by the Royal Navy. French ammo is identical and differs only by the label.

3pdr ammunition around. In 1898.

Base fuze Mk IV

Explosive shell Mk V NT 1914

Literature

•Siegfried Breyer: Battleships and Battlecruisers from 1905 to 1970. JF Lehmann, Munich, 1970, ISBN 3-88199-474-2.

•General Sir Martin Farndale: History of the Royal Regiment of Artillery.Western Front 1914-18. Royal Artillery Institution, London, 1986, ISBN 978-1870114004.

•General Sir Martin Farndale: History of the Royal Regiment of Artillery.The Forgotten Fronts and the Home Base 1914-18. Royal Artillery Institution, London, 1988, ISBN 978-1870114059.

•Taylor, Michael JH Jane’s Fighting Ships of World War I. Studio, 1990, ISBN 1-85170-378-0.

•RA Burt. British Battleships 1889-1904 Naval Institute Press, Annapolis (Maryland) 1988, ISBN 0870210610th

•Roger Chesneau, Eugene M. Kolesnik: Conway’s All The World’s Fighting Ships 1860-1905 Mayflower Books Inc., New York, 1979, ISBN 0,831,703,024th.

•John Campbell, Naval Weapons of World War II, Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, 1985, ISBN 0-87021-459-4.

•Edgar J. March: British Destroyers: A History of Development, 1892-1953 Drawn by Admiralty Permission From Official Records & Returns, Ships’ Covers & Building Plan, Seeley Service, London in 1966..

•Tony Gibbons: The Complete Encyclopedia of Battleships and Battlecruisers: A Technical Directory of All the World’s Capital Ships From 1860 to the Present Day. Salamander Books Ltd., London 1983.

•Randal Gray: Conway’s All The World’s Fighting Ships 1906-1921 Naval Institute Press, 1985, ISBN 0-8702-1907-3.

•Richard Ellis, Ben Warlow: The Royal Navy at Malta, Volume One – The Victorian Era 1865-1906 Maritime Books, Liskeard, 1989, ISBN 0-907771-43-2.

•Robert Gardiner (ed.), John Roberts (Ed.): Great Britain. In: Conway’s All the Worlds Fighting Ships 1860-1905 Conway, London, 1979, ISBN 0-85177-133-5.

•Fred T. Jane: Jane’s Fighting Ships 1914 Sampson Low & Marston, London, 1914.

Gun caliber to 50 mm

Ship gun

Feldkanone

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