TheHotchkiss or Canon à tir rapide de 47 mm was developed by French manufacturer Hotchkiss et Cie naval gun for defense against fast enemy naval units such as the then newly emerging torpedo boats. The gun was used on many warship s before and during the First World as a rapid-fire gun for torpedo boat defense. Although the gun was already obsolete at the beginning of the First World , it was used among other things as coastal artillery and property protection until well into the into it.
Development history and use
Due to the rapid development of small units such as the warship torpedo boats and destroyers developed n the French manufacturer Hotchkiss Hotchkiss Canon de 47 à tir rapide mm. This weapon was accepted by thes of the United Kingdom and the National Marine France for the first time in 1886 and mounted on warship s. More user States Cannon were the U.S. Navy on the Maine class and the Imperial Russian Navy. Since the gun was already obsolete at the beginning of the First World , it was replaced in 1914 by the more powerful pounder Ordnance QF 3 Vickers and away from all major units of the . The surplus guns were installed on commercial vessels for anti-submarine defense and used as a light field gun.
In the initial phase of the, the gun was also used to protect harbor entrances and physical protection until they could be replaced by the QF 6 pounder 10 cwt guns then available. In some Commonwealth countries such Australia as the guns were still in use until 1943, until they too were replaced by the QF 6 pounder 10 cwt. A cannon is still in Hong Kong as a so-called Noonday Gun in use.
Use on ships of the Royal Navy
Thewas used among others on the following ship units:
•Royal Sovereign class battleships
•Majestic-class (1895) Battleships
•King Edward VII-class battleships
•Lord Nelson-class battleships
National use on Navy ships
The Hotchkiss Canon de 47 à tir rapide mm was used, inter alia on the following ship units:
Use on ships of the U.S. Navy
•Maine class battleships
Use on ships of the Imperial Russian Navy
Canon Hotchkiss à tir rapide de 47 mm were used, inter alia on the following ship units:
•Petropavlovsk class battleships
•Admiral Ushakov-class coastal defense ship s
•Amur class (1898) minelayer
The illustrations show ammunition used by the Royal Navy. French ammo is identical and differs only by the label.
3pdr ammunition around. In 1898.
Base fuze Mk IV
Explosive shell Mk V NT 1914
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•Fred T. Jane: Jane’s Fighting Ships 1914 Sampson Low & Marston, London, 1914.
Gun caliber to 50 mm