For mutiny of Salerno refers to the revolt of about 700 soldiers of the Xof the British Army, mostly belonging to the 51st (Highland) and the 50th (Northumbrian) on 16 September 1944 on the beach of Salerno, in ‘field of the Italian campaign of .
The soldiers, whose regiments membership had already been transferred to England for, mutinied because they did not accept to serve in companies in which they were considered to be outside and to all intents and purposes, be treated as replacements, therefore, subject to greater risks. Most of them had been wounded in the fighting against the troops of the German-Italian Africakorps and had made his convalescence in land Africa. They were used in an emergency to Salerno, where the situation for the Allies by the hour was becoming increasingly critical. Their treatment, according to the leaders of the revolt, three sergeants, violated the unwritten rule in force in the British Army that included the replacement of specialists in a mansion with specialists in the same job, that is why this method was strengthened with the spirit of body. To quell the mutiny was the commander of the 10th Army , General , who promised to all the rebels not to resort to court martial if they had suffered aggregate targets are: responded positively in 500, the other , who did not accept, were disarmed, arrested and brought back to Africa to be allocated to heavy prison terms. The three sergeants were sentenced to death penalty then converted to 12 years hard labor.