A training ship is a ship that is operated for the training of nautical and technical personnel in the Navy n the world or in the Merchant Shipping (Mercantile Marine). Sail training ships are often e (Sailing), which are then referred to as a sail training ship. The latter are then discriminated whether or not they transport cargo.
Navy training ships
In many navies of the world a number of cadets and / or officer candidates are on a training ship in addition to a core team pulled together, then – are trained in conventional military subjects, but on the way also for representative purposes are – often in the context of foreign travel.
Training ships of the German navies before 1945
Prussian and Imperial Navy
The Prussian Navy midshipman s made her among other things on the sail training ship SMS Amazone, Mercury SMS and. Special artillery training was performed on the SMS Renown from 1870.
The Imperial Navy took over theand the Renown, but found over time a number of other training ships into service. These included, for As the artillery school ship SMS Mars, the torpedo school ship SMS Blücher and the sail training ship SMS Undine. In addition, a number of former battleships were turned into training ships.
Reich and Navy
After the secondwas dropped in 1932, was built with the and her sister ships and Albert Leo Schlageter, a new class sail training ships. Built for training with gun s, s and torpedo aircraft guns and used the naval artillery school specially designed ships (brake, Brummer) and torpedo training ships (Hugo Zeye) as well as training ships repurposed former combat ships.
Training ships of the German Navy / Deutsche Marine
The German Navy has used in the time of new beginnings, a variety of training ships, but only two ships are designed from the outset as such, has been constructed and used: The sail training shiptraining ship and Germany. In the German Navy (German Navy from 1996) were or are in use:
Name of ship
1956-1963 Travelodge Command of the Navy training / education
1956-1969 Eider Command of the Navy training / education
1956-2006 North Wind Naval Academy Mürwik
1958-1966 Gneisenau MarineSchool
Since 1958Naval Academy Mürwik
1959-1964 Hipper Naval Academy Mürwik
1959-1964 Graf Spee Naval Academy Mürwik
1959-1964 Scheer Marine locating School
1959-1964 Scharnhorst MarineSchool
1959-1965 Brommy Marine underwater weapons school
1959-1967 Raule Marine underwater weapons school
1963-1990 Germany Naval Academy Mürwik
1964-1968 Danube Naval Academy Mürwik
1964-1971 Watch Naval Academy Mürwik
1964-1978 Ems Trainingvessel protection
1974-1992 Inger Seamanship Training
Since 1974 Baltrum Use damage control training center
Since 1978 Juist Use damage control training center
Since 1978 Langeoog MarineSchool, since 2006 Specialized Forces Marine
Training ships of the GDR
When the East German People’s Navy, the motor training ships Ernst Thalmann and Wilhelm Pieck were in use. The sail training ship Wilhelm Pieck (now Griffin) was developed by the Society for Sport and Technology (GST) operated.
Training ships of other navies
Training ships are operated by many navies around the world, among which are also a number of sail training vessels:
Name of ship
1874-1887 Uruguay Argentine Navy
1899-1964 Presidente Sarmiento Argentine Navy
Since 1963 Libertad (Q-2) Argentine Navy
1981-1994 Piloto Alsina (Q-31) Argentine Navy
Since 1988 Young Endeavour
since 1962 Zénobe grams (A 958) Belgian Navy
1948-1962 Guanabara Brazilian Navy
Since 1986 Brasil (U 27) Brazilian Navy
since 2000 Cisne Branco (U 20) Brazilian Navy
Since 1954 Esmeralda (BE-43) Armada de Chile
1986 -? Uribe (29) Armada de Chile
Since 1987 Zhenghe (81) Navy of the People’s Republic of China
since 1996 Shichang (82) Navy of the People’s Republic of China
Since 1977 Guayas (BE 21) Ecuadorian Navy
Since 1932 Étoile (A 649) French Navy
Since 1932 Belle Poule (A 650) French Navy
1964-2010 Jeanne d’Arc (R 97) French Navy
1927-1941 Ares Greek Navy
1979-2004 Aris (A 74) Greek Navy
Eugenio Eugenidis Greek Navy
Tir (A 86) Indian Navy
Krishna Indian Navy
Since 1997 Tarangini Indian Navy
Since 1953 Dewaruci Indonesian Navy
Since 1931 Amerigo Vespucci (5312 A) Italian Navy
Since 1955 Palinuro (A 5311) Italian Navy
1969-1998 Katori (3501) Japanese Navy
Since 1995 Kashima (3508) Japanese Navy
1999-2005 Aokumo (3512) Japanese Navy
Since 1999 Shimayuki (3513) Japanese Navy
Yamagiri (3515) Japanese Navy
Asagiri (3516) Japanese Navy
1952-1960 Galeb Yugoslav Navy
Since 1933 Jadran Yugoslav / Montenegrin Navy
Since 1969 Gloria Colombian Navy
Andrija Mohorovičić (72) Croatian Navy
Since 1988 Tunas Samudera Malaysian Navy
Since 1982 Cuauhtémoc (BE-01) Mexican Navy
since 1938 Urania (Y 8050) Koninklijke Marine
Since 1999 Van Kinsbergen (A 902) Koninklijke Marine
Since 1979 Shabab Oman Omani Navy
1928-1977 Iskra Polish Navy
Since 1976 Wodnik (251) Polish Navy
1976-2005 Gryf (252) Polish Navy
Since 1982 Iskra Polish Navy
since 1962 Sagres Portuguese Navy
Since 1987 Creoula Portuguese Navy
since 1939 Mircea Romanian Navy
1923-1934 Af Chapman Swedish Navy
Since 1947 Gladan (S 01) Swedish Navy
Since 1947 Hawks (S 02) Swedish Navy
Since 1977 Smolnyy Soviet / Russian Navy
1977-2005 Luga Soviet / Russian Navy
Since 1977 Oka Soviet / Azerbaijani Navy
Since 1978 Herber (200) Soviet / Russian Navy
1980-1999 Khasan Soviet / Russian Navy
1951-1993 Towarischtsch Soviet / Ukrainian Navy
Since 1928 Juan Sebastian de Elcano (A 71) Armada Española
Since 1977 Capitán Miranda (20) Uruguayan Navy
Since 1980 Simón Bolívar (BE-11) Venezuelan Navy
Since 1988 Argus (A 135) Royal Fleet Auxiliary
Since 1946United States Coast Guard
Training ships of the merchant shipping
Training ships of the German Merchant Marine
In the commercial shipping vessels have school today only sporadically in use, because the “practical” seamanship is rarely needed in everyday life on board. The necessary practice aboard obtain prospective seafarers today by respective professions or training which are carried out usually on board merchant ships.
The first German merchant marine training ship was put into service in 1901, Grand Duchess Elizabeth, which was used intermittently until 1945 for training. It was later delivered to France and renamed Duchesse Anne, who now serves as a museum ship at. Another was the Grand Duke Friedrich August that had to be made after the First World and continues today as Statsraad Lehmkuhl.
In 1937, the Hapag the Admiral Karpfanger in service, however, already went missing on her first training trip at Cape Horn.
The famous German cargo carry eden sail training ships were the Windjammer Pamir and Passat. The Pamir was in 1957 in a storm in the North Atlantic below, and a few weeks later, the Passat was decommissioned.
The training ship Germany of merchant shipping was used until 2001 as a residential and training space for the Nautical School in Bremen. After it was no longer needed for this purpose, it may now be visited in Vegesack.
The last-propelled naval sail training ship of the German merchant shipping was the ketch Seute lass (not to be confused with the museum ship Seute lass in Bremerhaven). It was used from 1964 to 1967 by the German training ship Association and from 1967 to 1969 by the North German Lloyd for training rides. Since 1 January 1970 is for aspiring captains would no longer have to learn on a sailing ship. The Seute lass II is used since 1972 by the Association for DJS Clipper sailing trips especially with young fellow sailors.
Only the Fachhochschule Oldenburg / Ostfriesland / Wilhelmshaven took until 2007 per a training ship at the sites and blank Elsfleth: In Elsfleth it was the sail training ship Grand Duchess Elizabeth, in the empty training ship Aurora, a former buoy tender. Both ships also were trips within the maritime training. The part of the former Naval School in Grunendeich was used from 1986 to 1994, the Greundiek as a stationary training ship for the training of ship mechanics and machinists.
Since 2007, driving time will no longer be credited to the prescribed practical semesters at sea to traditional sailing from the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH). Thus, there is officially no place training of officers of the merchant marine sailing ships more.
N due to the lack of qualified seafarers are some German shipping company s now gone over ships specially equipped for training and to offer more placements on board. How can such Example, the Bremen-based Beluga Shipping, installed in some new buildings, an additional deck, eight aspiring sailors can be housed and trained on. A different approach, the Bremen company Harren & Partner, in September 2006, a training ship, the Hanse Explorer, put into service, this ship is more like a yacht, was built specifically for the training of personnel seemännischem.
Training ships of other navies trade
1921 was put into service by the Danish merchant navy the København. She went missing late 1928/Anfang 1929 on a voyage from Buenos Aires to Melbourne.
In many states, the sail training ships will also be adhered to in the civilian seafaring tradition. On most commerce powered by navies sail training vessels is possible, as sailors (trainee) to participate in trips for paying guests. So six almost identical training ships were built in the 1980s and 90s in the Gdansk Shipyard that are still in use today. These were the Dar Młodzieży (Poland), Mir, Nadezhda and Pallada (all Russia) and Khersones and Druzhba (both Ukraine). The most famous in Germany ships of the class are the Chersonese and Me, which take as sailors on board such As the Russian four-masted barque Sedov and de Krusenstern. The former cargo ship Savilco 1978-1984 was affiliated to the private “Pythagoras Maritime and Technical Schools”, used as a training ship in Piraeus, Greece.
Sail training vessels
Sail training ships are warships and merchant navies, but also of associations and organizations in driving held Sailing training for the maritime talent. It is either specifically designed for training purposes ships (eg As the Gorch Fock of the German navy) or converted to freighter (eg As the Krusenstern (ex Padua). In the German Empire of the German training ship, association maintained 1900-1944 five own sail training ships. Civil sail training ships were also mostly used until after thecargo trips.
Training ships in Inland Navigation
In the port city of Duisburg-Homberg is the training ship Rhine, are housed boarding default on the budding boatmen while they complete the theoretical training in vocational college Schiffer RHINE. The ship was built by the shipyard Meidericher 1984. Legally, the ship, together with declared “Rhein II” as a floating plant, but the ship still has a European number.
In the Netherlands, the budding boatmen are trained on the school-coupling Association maxima. In Belgium, on 4 May 2012, the school-axis group Province de Liège put into service. It consists of a motor vessel on which the accommodation and training rooms for 20 aspiring boatmen are and a tank barge on the practical training takes place. The axis group is 85 m long.
•Gerhard Koop, Siegfried Breyer: The ships, vehicles and aircraft of the German navy from 1956 to today. Bernard & Graefe, Bonn 1996, ISBN 3-7637-5950-6.
•Gerhard Eckhardt: The sailing ships of the German training ship Club.A documentary, Bremen (Hauschild) in 1981. ISBN 3-920699-37-8