Training ship

A training ship is a ship that is operated for the training of nautical and technical personnel in the Navy n the world or in the Merchant Shipping (Mercantile Marine). Sail training ships are often e (Sailing), which are then referred to as a sail training ship. The latter are then discriminated whether or not they transport cargo.

Navy training ships

In many navies of the world a number of cadets and / or officer candidates are on a training ship in addition to a core team pulled together, then – are trained in conventional military subjects, but on the way also for representative purposes are – often in the context of foreign travel.

Training ships of the German navies before 1945

Prussian and Imperial Navy

The Prussian Navy midshipman s made ​​her among other things on the sail training ship SMS Amazone, Mercury SMS and SMS Niobe. Special artillery training was performed on the SMS Renown from 1870.

The Imperial Navy took over the Niobe and the Renown, but found over time a number of other training ships into service. These included, for As the artillery school ship SMS Mars, the torpedo school ship SMS Blücher and the sail training ship SMS Undine. In addition, a number of former battleships were turned into training ships.

Reich and Navy

After the second Niobe was dropped in 1932, was built with the Gorch Fock and her sister ships Horst Wessel and Albert Leo Schlageter, a new class sail training ships. Built for training with gun s, s and torpedo aircraft guns and used the naval artillery school specially designed ships (brake, Brummer) and torpedo training ships (Hugo Zeye) as well as training ships repurposed former combat ships.

Training ships of the German Navy / Deutsche Marine

The German Navy has used in the time of new beginnings, a variety of training ships, but only two ships are designed from the outset as such, has been constructed and used: The sail training ship Gorch Fock training ship and Germany. In the German Navy (German Navy from 1996) were or are in use:

Time frame

Name of ship

Department

1956-1963 Travelodge Command of the Navy training / education Squadron

1956-1969 Eider Command of the Navy training / education Squadron

1956-2006 North Wind Naval Academy Mürwik

1958-1966 Gneisenau Marine Artillery School

Since 1958 Gorch Fock Naval Academy Mürwik

1959-1964 Hipper Naval Academy Mürwik

1959-1964 Graf Spee Naval Academy Mürwik

1959-1964 Scheer Marine locating School

1959-1964 Scharnhorst Marine Artillery School

1959-1965 Brommy Marine underwater weapons school

1959-1967 Raule Marine underwater weapons school

1963-1990 Germany Naval Academy Mürwik

1964-1968 Danube  Naval Academy Mürwik

1964-1971 Watch Naval Academy Mürwik

1964-1978 Ems Training Division vessel protection

1974-1992 Inger Seamanship Training Division

Since 1974 Baltrum Use damage control training center

Since 1978 Juist Use damage control training center

Since 1978 Langeoog Marine Corps School, since 2006 Specialized Forces Marine

Training ships of the GDR

When the East German People’s Navy, the motor training ships Ernst Thalmann and Wilhelm Pieck were in use. The sail training ship Wilhelm Pieck (now Griffin) was developed by the Society for Sport and Technology (GST) operated.

Training ships of other navies

Training ships are operated by many navies around the world, among which are also a number of sail training vessels:

In service

Name of ship

Navy

1874-1887 Uruguay  Argentine Navy

1899-1964 Presidente Sarmiento  Argentine Navy

Since 1963 Libertad (Q-2)  Argentine Navy

1981-1994 Piloto Alsina (Q-31)  Argentine Navy

Since 1988 Young Endeavour  Royal Australian Navy

since 1962 Zénobe grams (A 958)  Belgian Navy

1948-1962 Guanabara  Brazilian Navy

Since 1986 Brasil (U 27)  Brazilian Navy

since 2000 Cisne Branco (U 20)  Brazilian Navy

Since 1954 Esmeralda (BE-43)  Armada de Chile

1986 -? Uribe (29)  Armada de Chile

Since 1987 Zhenghe (81)  Navy of the People’s Republic of China

since 1996 Shichang (82)  Navy of the People’s Republic of China

Since 1977 Guayas (BE 21)  Ecuadorian Navy

Since 1932 Étoile (A 649)  French Navy

Since 1932 Belle Poule (A 650)  French Navy

1964-2010 Jeanne d’Arc (R 97)  French Navy

1927-1941 Ares  Greek Navy

1979-2004 Aris (A 74)  Greek Navy

Eugenio Eugenidis   Greek Navy

Tir (A 86)  Indian Navy

Krishna  Indian Navy

Since 1997 Tarangini  Indian Navy

Since 1953 Dewaruci  Indonesian Navy

Since 1931 Amerigo Vespucci (5312 A)  Italian Navy

Since 1955 Palinuro (A 5311)  Italian Navy

1969-1998 Katori (3501)  Japanese Navy

Since 1995 Kashima (3508)  Japanese Navy

1999-2005 Aokumo (3512)  Japanese Navy

Since 1999 Shimayuki (3513)  Japanese Navy

Yamagiri (3515)  Japanese Navy

Asagiri (3516)  Japanese Navy

1952-1960 Galeb  Yugoslav Navy

Since 1933 Jadran  Yugoslav /  Montenegrin Navy

Since 1969 Gloria  Colombian Navy

Andrija Mohorovičić (72)  Croatian Navy

Since 1988 Tunas Samudera  Malaysian Navy

Since 1982 Cuauhtémoc (BE-01)  Mexican Navy

since 1938 Urania (Y 8050)  Koninklijke Marine

Since 1999 Van Kinsbergen (A 902)  Koninklijke Marine

Since 1979 Shabab Oman  Omani Navy

1928-1977 Iskra  Polish Navy

Since 1976 Wodnik (251)  Polish Navy

1976-2005 Gryf (252)  Polish Navy

Since 1982 Iskra  Polish Navy

since 1962 Sagres  Portuguese Navy

Since 1987 Creoula  Portuguese Navy

since 1939 Mircea  Romanian Navy

1923-1934 Af Chapman  Swedish Navy

Since 1947 Gladan (S 01)  Swedish Navy

Since 1947 Hawks (S 02)  Swedish Navy

Since 1977 Smolnyy  Soviet /  Russian Navy

1977-2005 Luga  Soviet /  Russian Navy

Since 1977 Oka  Soviet /  Azerbaijani Navy

Since 1978 Herber (200)  Soviet /  Russian Navy

1980-1999 Khasan  Soviet /  Russian Navy

1951-1993 Towarischtsch  Soviet /  Ukrainian Navy

Since 1928 Juan Sebastian de Elcano (A 71)  Armada Española

Since 1977 Capitán Miranda (20)  Uruguayan Navy

Since 1980 Simón Bolívar (BE-11)  Venezuelan Navy

Since 1988 Argus (A 135)  Royal Fleet Auxiliary

Since 1946 USCGC Eagle  United States Coast Guard

Training ships of the merchant shipping

Training ships of the German Merchant Marine

In the commercial shipping vessels have school today only sporadically in use, because the “practical” seamanship is rarely needed in everyday life on board. The necessary practice aboard obtain prospective seafarers today by respective professions or training which are carried out usually on board merchant ships.

The first German merchant marine training ship was put into service in 1901, Grand Duchess Elizabeth, which was used intermittently until 1945 for training. It was later delivered to France and renamed Duchesse Anne, who now serves as a museum ship at Dunkirk. Another was the Grand Duke Friedrich August that had to be made ​​after the First World War and continues today as Statsraad Lehmkuhl.

In 1937, the Hapag the Admiral Karpfanger in service, however, already went missing on her first training trip at Cape Horn.

The famous German cargo carry eden sail training ships were the Windjammer Pamir and Passat. The Pamir was in 1957 in a storm in the North Atlantic below, and a few weeks later, the Passat was decommissioned.

The training ship Germany of merchant shipping was used until 2001 as a residential and training space for the Nautical School in Bremen. After it was no longer needed for this purpose, it may now be visited in Vegesack.

The last-propelled naval sail training ship of the German merchant shipping was the ketch Seute lass (not to be confused with the museum ship Seute lass in Bremerhaven). It was used from 1964 to 1967 by the German training ship Association and from 1967 to 1969 by the North German Lloyd for training rides. Since 1 January 1970 is for aspiring captains would no longer have to learn on a sailing ship. The Seute lass II is used since 1972 by the Association for DJS Clipper sailing trips especially with young fellow sailors.

Only the Fachhochschule Oldenburg / Ostfriesland / Wilhelmshaven took until 2007 per a training ship at the sites and blank Elsfleth: In Elsfleth it was the sail training ship Grand Duchess Elizabeth, in the empty training ship Aurora, a former buoy tender. Both ships also were trips within the maritime training. The part of the former Naval School in Grunendeich was used from 1986 to 1994, the Greundiek as a stationary training ship for the training of ship mechanics and machinists.

Since 2007, driving time will no longer be credited to the prescribed practical semesters at sea to traditional sailing from the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH). Thus, there is officially no place training of officers of the merchant marine sailing ships more.

N due to the lack of qualified seafarers are some German shipping company s now gone over ships specially equipped for training and to offer more placements on board. How can such Example, the Bremen-based Beluga Shipping, installed in some new buildings, an additional deck, eight aspiring sailors can be housed and trained on. A different approach, the Bremen company Harren & Partner, in September 2006, a training ship, the Hanse Explorer, put into service, this ship is more like a yacht, was built specifically for the training of personnel seemännischem.

Training ships of other navies trade

1921 was put into service by the Danish merchant navy the København. She went missing late 1928/Anfang 1929 on a voyage from Buenos Aires to Melbourne.

In many states, the sail training ships will also be adhered to in the civilian seafaring tradition. On most commerce powered by navies sail training vessels is possible, as sailors (trainee) to participate in trips for paying guests. So six almost identical training ships were built in the 1980s and 90s in the Gdansk Shipyard that are still in use today. These were the Dar Młodzieży (Poland), Mir, Nadezhda and Pallada (all Russia) and Khersones and Druzhba (both Ukraine). The most famous in Germany ships of the class are the Chersonese and Me, which take as sailors on board such As the Russian four-masted barque Sedov and de Krusenstern. The former cargo ship Savilco 1978-1984 was affiliated to the private “Pythagoras Maritime and Technical Schools”, used as a training ship in Piraeus, Greece.

Sail training vessels

Sail training ships are warships and merchant navies, but also of associations and organizations in driving held Sailing training for the maritime talent. It is either specifically designed for training purposes ships (eg As the Gorch Fock of the German navy) or converted to freighter (eg As the Krusenstern (ex Padua). In the German Empire of the German training ship, association maintained 1900-1944 five own sail training ships. Civil sail training ships were also mostly used until after the Second World War cargo trips.

Training ships in Inland Navigation

In the port city of Duisburg-Homberg is the training ship Rhine, are housed boarding default on the budding boatmen while they complete the theoretical training in vocational college Schiffer RHINE. The ship was built by the shipyard Meidericher 1984. Legally, the ship, together with declared “Rhein II” as a floating plant, but the ship still has a European number.

In the Netherlands, the budding boatmen are trained on the school-coupling Association maxima. In Belgium, on 4 May 2012, the school-axis group Province de Liège put into service. It consists of a motor vessel on which the accommodation and training rooms for 20 aspiring boatmen are and a tank barge on the practical training takes place. The axis group is 85 m long.

Literature

•Gerhard Koop, Siegfried Breyer: The ships, vehicles and aircraft of the German navy from 1956 to today. Bernard & Graefe, Bonn 1996, ISBN 3-7637-5950-6.

•Gerhard Eckhardt: The sailing ships of the German training ship Club.A documentary, Bremen (Hauschild) in 1981. ISBN 3-920699-37-8

Training ship

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