Werner von Blomberg

Werner von Blomberg

Werner von Blomberg

Werner Eduard Fritz von Blomberg (born September 2, 1878 in Stargard, Pomerania, † March 13 according death notice in Hamburg news-sheet. Blomberg died on March 14, 1946 on Wednesday afternoon, March 13, 1946.

Life

Empire and the First World War

Werner von Blomberg was the son of Lieutenant Colonel Emil von Blomberg and his wife Emma (née Tschepe).

After visiting the main Prussian cadet school in Great light field (then a suburb of Berlin) in 1897, he began his military career as a lieutenant in the Fusilier Regiment “General-Field Marshal Prince Albrecht of Prussia” (Hanoverian) No 73rd For the general staff found suitable, Blomberg graduated from 1907 to 1910, the War Academy in Berlin and was subsequently transferred to the General Staff. In 1911 he was promoted to captain.

In the First World War was first used by Blomberg as a general staff officer of a reserve division. Promoted to Major in 1916, he became the first general staff officer at the 7th Army for his outstanding achievements in the field of battle him in 1918, the Order Pour le Mérite, the highest Prussian bravery awarded.

Weimar Republic

After the war, Blomberg was from 1919 to 1921 worked as an adviser in the Defense Ministry. Promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1920, he was promoted from 1921 to 1924 chief of staff at the army headquarters in Stuttgart and V was in this capacity in 1923 to colonel s. 1925 Blomberg was promoted to chief of the army training system. In 1927 he became head of the Office of troops, which was the codename of the General Staff at the time of the Weimar Republic by the corresponding prohibition of the Versailles Treaty, and the following year he was promoted to Major General. After a dispute over the German chances of a two-front war with France and Poland, which he judged differently than the Defense Ministry as hopeless, he was replaced by Kurt von Hammerstein-Equord. 1929-1933 he was a division commander, commander of the Military District I ​​(East Prussia) in 1932 and led the German military delegation to the Geneva Disarmament Conference. He prepared Germany’s withdrawal from the Disarmament Conference and the League of Nations and thus left the former military policy Groener, who had arranged the German armaments policy in 1919, the resulting multilateral security system. Blomberg advocated the unilateral foreign policy unhedged rearmament of Germany.

Born 1880 died in 1934 his wife Charlotte (née Hellmich), was married in 1904 and had five children.

Blomberg was involved in the German-Soviet armaments cooperation in developing tanks, gas warfare and air forces and advocated cooperation with the Stalinist regime.

Period of National Socialism

Prewar

On 30 January 1933, a few hours before the appointment of Hitler as chancellor, he was of Reich President Paul von Hindenburg (contrary to the provisions of the constitution, can only be appointed on the proposal of the Chancellor of the Minister) appointed Defense Minister and simultaneously conveyed to General of Infantry, he should thus contribute to the conservative “framing” and “taming” of Hitler. However, von Blomberg joined closely together with Hitler, was born on 4 April its permanent representative in all matters of Imperial Defence and the end of April 1933 Commander in Chief of the army, which was not publicly announced.

Blomberg was considered a military expert with no sense of old-school politics. Personally, he tended the worldview of Rudolf Steiner. In conservative circles of the population was of Blomberg popular, but some officers of the army, he was considered too submissive to Hitler, whom he knew personally since 1931.

During the so-called “Röhm-Putsch it” in June and July 1934, Blomberg behaved passively despite the murder of two former generals of the Reichswehr (Kurt von Schleicher and Ferdinand von Bredow). Protests within the officer corps against the removal of Jewish comrades were suppressed by Blomberg. In an article in the People’s Observer, 29 June 1934, he secured the loyalty of the army to Hitler.

Swearing in of the army of Hitler

After the death of Hindenburg on 2 August 1934 led by Blomberg in consultation with Walter von Reichenau, the swearing in of the army soldiers on Hitler (“Lead Reid”). 1935 gave him Hitler in command of the entire Wehrmacht (Army, Navy, from 1936 also has the newly established Air Force) and appointed him in the same year (1936) – as the first soldiers of the Wehrmacht at all -. Field marshal. On 30 January 1937 von Blomberg received the Golden Party Badge of the NSDAP and was on this date in the party (Mitgliedsnr. 3805226) was added.

Hoßbach protocol

On 5 November 1937, he participated in a conference with Hitler, where the commander of the three branches of the Wehrmacht (Werner Freiherr von Fritsch (army), Erich Raeder (Navy), Hermann Goering (Luftwaffe)) and the Foreign Minister Konstantin Freiherr von Neurath participated. Theme of the “Hoszbach Minutes” interview was held Hitler’s plans for a war of aggression against Germany’s neighbors. Of Blomberg and Fritsch doubted that the army could fight a European war successfully – the conference ended in disagreement.

Blomberg-Fritsch crisis

End of 1937, turned from Blomberg Goering, asking him about his planned socially unacceptable marriage to Luise Margarethe Gruhn (* 1913) to advise, since recently tightened rules for marriage Wehrmacht forbade this principle. Goering yet confirmed him in his decision, provided for the removal of a rival who was offered a job abroad, and served together with Hitler on 12 January 1938 as a witness. A few days later, however, he was confronted Goering with a police dossier on his wife, who had once been in custody for suspicion of theft on record as well as a model for pornographic images. Goering asked him to annul his marriage or resign immediately. Blomberg resigned on 27 January 1938, officially for health reasons, from office. At his farewell Blomberg received a “golden handshake” of 50,000 Reichsmark, which corresponded to twice its previous annual base salary in about. In a final act of loyalty of his farewell visit he struck at the Reich Chancellery, Adolf Hitler as the new commander in chief of the armed forces.

After Hitler had of being falsely accused of homosexuality again a critic of the army top, Colonel-General Werner von Fritsch off, he divided the War Department in the new High Command of the Wehrmacht (OKW) and entrusted the General of Artillery Wilhelm Keitel with its leadership. As part of this so-called Blomberg-Fritsch crisis (Intrigue) were dispossessed by Blomberg and von Fritsch. The Command of the Wehrmacht, Hitler adopted on 4 February 1938 itself

Postwar

During the Second World War without military use in 1945 suspected of Blomberg by the Allies as a war criminal and arrested, the main war criminals at Nuremberg (1945/46) he was quoted as a witness before the International Military Tribunal.

Blomberg died in March 1946 in Nuremberg in an American military hospital from colon cancer.

Awards:

Iron Cross (1914) Class II and I.

•Prussian Service Cross Award

•Knight’s Cross of the Royal House Order of Hohenzollern with Swords

•Crown Order of IV Class

•Princely House Order of Hohenzollern III. Class with swords and crown

•Pour le Mérite

•Bavarian Military Merit IV Class with Swords

•Bavarian Military Merit IV class with swords and crown

•Knight’s Cross, First Class of the Order of Albrecht with swords

•Hesse Bravery Medal

•Brunswick War Merit Cross II and First Class

•Friedrich August Cross II and First Class

•Bremen Hanseatic Cross

•Cross for Merit in War (Saxe-Meiningen)

•Lippe War Merit Cross

•Cross for Faithful Service 1914 (Schaumburg-Lippe)

Wound Badge (1918) in Black

Golden Party Badge of the NSDAP on 30 January 1937

Literature

•Ian Kershaw, Hitler.From 1936 to 1945. German publishing house, Stuttgart 2000, ISBN 3-421-05132-1.

•Fritz Tobias, Karl-Heinz Janssen: The fall of the generals.Hitler and the Blomberg-Fritsch crisis in 1938, CH Beck, Munich 1994. ISBN 3-406-38109-X

•Kirstin A. Schäfer, Werner von Blomberg – Hitler’s first Field Marshal, Paderborn, 2006. ISBN 3-506-71391-4

•Samuel W. Mitcham Jr.: Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg, in: Gerd R. Ueberschär: Hitler’s military elite.68 CVs. University Press, Darmstadt, 2011. ISBN 978-3-534-23980-1, pp. 28-36.

Reichswehrminister (Weimar Republic)

Minister (German Reich 1933-1945)

Military person (army of the German Empire)

Military person (Reichswehr)

Field Marshal (Army of the Wehrmacht)

Person in the First World War (German Reich)

General Staff Officer (German Reich)

Winner of House Order of Hohenzollern

Holder of the Pour le Mérite (military order)

Support of the Royal Prussian Crown Order 4th Class

Support of the Albrechts Order (Knight 1st class)

Carriers of the Hanseatic Cross (Bremen)

Holder of the Bavarian Military Merit

Winner of the Golden Party Badge of the NSDAP

Witness at the Nuremberg Trials

NSDAP member

German

Born 1878

Died in 1946

Male

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