(冈村宁次, Okamura Yasuji), born in Tokyo May 15, 1884 and died September 2, 1966, was a military Japanese.
Graduated in 1904 from the Academy of the Imperial Army, it is first lieutenant before becoming captain. During the First World, he worked at Imperial headquarters. In 1932, he was one of the leaders of the Japanese expeditionary force in Shanghai, and the following year he was military advisor to the .
Appointed lieutenant-general in 1936, he became in 1938 the commander of thestationed in China. He participated in many battles of the , as the of Wuhan. Appointed General in 1940, in 1941 he became the commander of the Japanese army in the north of China.
From the end of 1941, it is one of the leaders of the scorched earth policy known to all three policy directed particularly against the forces of the Chinese Communist Party and resulting in the deaths of about 2 7 million Chinese civilians.
In 1944, he was one of the main leaders of, which results in territorial gains for the Japanese army. In November 1944, he became the commander of the Imperial Japanese Army in China and the rest until the end of the conflict. On 9 September 1945, he handed acts of the Japanese surrender to General He Yingqin, Chinese Minister of .
After the war, he was captured and, in 1948, condemned as a war criminal by the court in Nanjing. However, it is pardoned by order of, who uses his services as a military advisor in the civil war against the Communists. He returned to Japan the following year.